MVC vs MVVM: Difference and Comparison

MVC and MVVM are the two types of initialism that are used to recount some software projects in the field of architecture. They have their respective abbreviation that differs and acknowledges their definitions.

It has many differences between the abbreviation, such as in meaning, usage, founder, support, etc. Detailed information about MVC and MVVM will be discussed below.

Key Takeaways

  1. MVC (Model-View-Controller) is a software architectural pattern that separates an application into three interconnected components.
  2. MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel) is a software architectural pattern that separates an application into three interconnected components.
  3. MVC and MVVM patterns are used in software development to improve code organization, maintainability, and scalability.

MVC vs MVVM

Model-View-Controller (MVC) is a term used in the architectural field. In MVC, an application is divided into parts according to the development features. Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) deals with the logical part of the program and user interface separately. In this model, testing of the code can be done easily. Code can also be reused.

MVC vs MVVM
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MVC refers to the separation of an application into parts such as model, view, and controller based on the features of the development of an application. MVC is the abbreviation of Model-View-Controller.

Industries widely use MVC to develop their respective projects. Each category of MVC has its respective aspects of their own, which makes them different from each other though they are interlinked.

On the other hand, MVVM refers to the separation of the program logic and the user interface control of an application. It offers various features such as testability features, code reusability, complex data binding, etc.

It simply and easily categorizes the communication between the business and presentation layers without disturbing each other. The MVVM is the abbreviation of Model-View-ViewModel.

It is very useful for various application-related purposes.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonMVCMVVM
Definition The software that separates its model, view, and controller into three categories is known as MVC.The software that separates the program logic and user interface control into different categories is known as MVVM.
Abbreviation The abbreviation MVC stands for Model-View-Controller. The abbreviation MVVM stands for Model-View-ViewModel.
Foundation YearMVC was founded in the year 1976.MVVM was founded in the year 2005.
FounderInitially, MVC was founded by Trygve Reenskaug, but later on, Jim Althoff and some others established a more upgraded version of MVC.MVVM was founded by two Microsoft architects, named Ken Copper and Ted Peter.
Representation of Each Category In MVC, each category represents something of its own, and they are — Model: Generally, the Model looks after the data logic. View: View conducts the details to the users from the Model. Controller: The Controller performs dual jobs, including controlling the data flow and the updated information.In MVVM, each category also represents its characteristics, such as — Model: The Model puts forward an institution’s information. View: The user interface layer is looked after by the View. ViewModel: Represents the relationship between View and Model.
Awareness of ViewThe View is fully attentive and aware of the Model of an application. The View is least attentive and not at all aware of the Model of an application.
UsageGenerally, ASP.NET and JAVA Sprong use MVC.Generally, Silverlight, Angular JS, and Microsoft WPF use MVVM.
Sole Relationship MVC can have relationships between Controller and View, between the scale range of one to many.MVVM can have relationships between View and ViewModel, between the scale range of one to many.
References of ViewIn MVC, View does not seek any references from the Controller. In MVVM, View seeks references from ViewModel.
DurationMVC was introduced early; hence, it is a bit Older Model.MVVM was launched a few years back; hence, it is comparatively a bit New Model.
The Complexity of its UsageMVC is a bit less complex to use as compared to MVVM.MVVM is more complex, and getting used to its features takes time.

What is MVC?

MVC is the software that has been launched to generate some boundaries for the programmer to work on codes. MVC is the abbreviation of Model-View-Controller.

Each category has its specification. The software separates its model, view, and controller into three categories.

MVC was founded in the year 1976. It was founded and relaunched two times.

Various people are associated with the making of MVC. Initially, MVC was founded by Trygve Reenskaug, but later on, Jim Althoff and some others established a more upgraded version of MVC. Now, we are using the latest or most advanced version of MVC.

Each category represents something of its own, and they are — Model: Generally, the Model looks after the data logic. View: View conducts the details to the users from the Model.

Controller: The Controller performs dual jobs, including controlling the data flow and the updated information. These categories process their features without disturbing one another.

Each of these categories also performs some specific works that are not looked at by the other. This software is used in other computer programming software such as Smalltalk, ASP.NET, etc.

Also, the first thing that hits the user is the Controller. Therefore, the Controller is termed as the main entry point of MVC.

What is MVVM?

MVVM is the software that divides its abbreviation into three categories. The abbreviation of MVVM stands for Model-View-ViewModel.

And these terms represent three categories of software that have their representation. Each category also represents its characteristics, such as — Model: The Model puts forward an institution’s information.

View: The user interface layer is looked after by the View. ViewModel: Represents the relationship between View and Model.

For the first time, it was founded by two Microsoft Architects, Mr Ken Copper and Red Peters, in the year 2005. It is a fresh and recently launched software.

It has both advantages as well as disadvantages of its own. It is a bit complex and requires time to get used to its feature for its usage.

This software separates the program logic and user interface control into different categories known as MVVM. MVVM is associated with various works such as the testability feature, complex data binding, provides good UI, etc.

Generally, Silverlight, Angular JS, and Microsoft WPF use MVVM. In MVVM, the work can be accomplished collaboratively.

Also, it is very easy and convenient to maintain its usage. It can also adjust the View and degrade its quality for various business purposes as well.

Main Differences Between MVC and MVVM

  1. The software that separates its model, view, and controller into three categories is known as MVC. On the other hand, The software that separates the program logic and user interface control into different categories is known as MVVM.
  2. The abbreviation MVC stands for Model-View-Controller. On the other hand, The abbreviation MVVM stands for Model-View-ViewModel.
  3. MVC was founded in the year 1976. On the other hand, MVVM was founded in the year 2005.
  4. Initially, MVC was founded by Trygve Reenskaug, but later on, Jim Althoff and some others established a more upgraded version of MVC. On the other hand, MVVM was founded by two Microsoft architects, named Ken Copper and Ted Peter.
  5. In MVC, each category represents something of its own, and they are — Model: Generally, the Model looks after the data logic. View: View conducts the details to the users from the Model. Controller: The Controller performs dual jobs, including controlling the data flow and the updated information. On the other hand, In MVVM, each category also represents its characteristics, such as — Model: The Model puts forward an institution’s information. View: The user interface layer is looked after by the View. ViewModel: Represents the relationship between View and Model.
  6. The View is fully attentive and aware of the Model of an application. On the other hand, The View is least attentive and not at all aware of the Model of an application.
  7. Generally, ASP.NET and JAVA Sprong use MVC. On the other hand, Generally, Silverlight, Angular JS, and Microsoft WPF use MVVM.
  8. MVC can have relationships between Controller and View, between the scale range of one to many. On the other hand, MVVM can have relationships between View and ViewModel, between the scale range of one to many.
  9. In MVC, View does not seek any references from the Controller. On the other hand, In MVVM, View seeks references from ViewModel.
  10. MVC was introduced early, and hence, it is a bit Older Model. On the other hand, MVVM was launched a few years back, and hence, it is comparatively a bit New Model.
  11. MVC is a bit less complex to use as compared to MVVM. On the other hand, MVVM is more complex and takes time to get used to its features.
References
  1. https://www.knepublishing.com/index.php/KnE-Engineering/article/view/1498
  2. https://research.tue.nl/files/48628529/Lou_2016.pdf

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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