Difference Between Neurology and Neuroscience (With Table)

The terms Neurology and Neuroscience refer to the study of the same element that is the nervous system, but their approaches are different from each other. Lately both, studies are rapidly growing with the help of the advanced available technologies. Both the subject matters are associated with other subjects such as biology, medicine, computer applications, chemistry, mathematics, etc. Also, Neurology and Neuroscience are concluded in the interdisciplinary fields. Therefore, there are major differences between both the subjects.

Neurology vs Neuroscience

The main difference between Neurology and Neuroscience is that Neurology is the study of medicine and other related things of the nervous system. On the other hand, Neuroscience is the study of the brain and its functions related to the neurological sciences. The specialist of Neurology is known as a Neurologist. And, the specialist in Neuroscience is known as Neuroscientist.

Neurology refers to the study of medicines and other related things of the nervous system. Neurology specialists mainly aim at the behavioral abnormality of the brain and also the other related flaws of the brain. The specialist in Neurology is known as a Neurologist. Neurology is termed to be one of the branches of neuroscience. A Neurologist can prescribe medication to their patients.

On the other hand, Neuroscience is the study of the brain and its functions, related to the neurological sciences. The specialist of Neuroscience mainly deals with the research-based work of the nervous system. The specialist of Neuroscience is known as Neuroscientist. There are about thirteen branches of Neuroscience. A Neuroscientist can not prescribe medication to anyone, as he/she is only related to the research work.

Comparison Table Between Neurology and Neuroscience

Parameters of Comparison Neurology Neuroscience
Definition Neurology is the study of medicine and other related things of the nervous system. Neuroscience is the study of the brain and its functions that are related to the neurological sciences.
SpecialistsThe specialist of Neurology is known as a Neurologist. The specialist of Neuroscience is known as Neuroscientist.
Medication A specialist of Neurology or a Neurologist can prescribe medication to their patients. A specialist in Neuroscience or a Neuroscientist can not prescribe any kind of medication.
The main job of the specialist Neurologists are those specialists who treat mental illness or disorders related to the nervous system of the brain. The Neuroscientist is mainly associated with the research work related to the nervous system.
Conditions that are dealtNeurology deals with the conditions such as headaches, excessive migraines, dementia, epilepsy, sleep disorders, neurological trauma, stroke, etc.Neuroscience is the study of researching the conditions or circumstances of the nervous system.

What is Neurology?

The term Neurology consists of two Greek words, ‘neuron’ means ‘nerve’ and ‘logia’ means ‘the study of’. Hence the etymological meaning of the term Neurology is ‘the study of nerve’. Mr. Jean-Martin Charcot, a French neurologist is considered the Father of Neurology. The subject that studies medicine and other related treatments is known as Neurology. It is associated with illness, disorders, behavioral changes in the brain, structure, etc. The study of Neurology requires the association of other related subjects such as biology, medicine, chemistry, computer application, etc.

The specialist or the person who deals with the subject of Neurology is known as a Neurologist. A Neurologist is a doctor who looks after patients who has some severe kind of disease related to the nervous system. A Neurologist can prescribe medication to their patients. The patients who have a severe imbalance of their respective nervous systems are prescribed medicines, and the ones who have mild imbalance are first treated with the therapy processes.

Neurologists are the specialists who treat mental illnesses or disorders related to the nervous system of the brain. Neurology deals with and treats the conditions such as headaches, excessive migraines, dementia, epilepsy, sleep disorders, neurological trauma, stroke, etc. When a person deals with such kinds of problems, he/she should immediately seek help from the Neurologists.

What is Neuroscience?

The term Neuroscience consists of one Greek word, ‘neuron’ means ‘nerve’ and the other term is a Latin term ‘Scientia’ means ‘knowledge’ or ‘learning’. Hence the etymological meaning of the term Neuroscience is ‘the learning of the nervous system’. Neuroscience is the study of the brain and its other related functions of the neurological sciences. Mr. Santiago Ramon y Cajal is a Spanish artist and scientist and he is considered the Father of Neuroscience. There are a total of thirteen branches of Neuroscience, and they are Neurophysiology, Neuroanatomy, Neuropharmacology, Behavioral Neuroscience, Developmental Neuroscience, Cognitive Neuroscience, Systems Neuroscience, Molecular Neuroscience, Computational Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy, Neurology, Neuropsychology and, Neuroevolution and Neuroeconomics.

The specialist of Neuroscience is known as Neuroscientist. The specialist of Neuroscience is only associated with the research works of the respective thirteen branches of Neuroscience related to the nervous system of human beings. A Neuroscience specialist or a Neuroscientist can not prescribe any kind of medication to anyone, because he/she is regarded as a scientist to is only associated with the researches regarding the nervous system. Hence, neuroscientists can not prescribe medication.

The study of Neuroscience also requires the association of other related subjects such as biology, medicine, chemistry, computer application, etc. Therefore, the scientist concludes the researches on the conditions and circumstances of the nervous system, with the help of these other related subjects.

Main Differences Between Neurology and Neuroscience

  1. Neurology is the study of medicines and the treatment related to the nervous system. On the other hand, Neuroscience is the study of the brain and its other related functions of the neurological sciences.
  2. The specialist of Neurology is known as a Neurologist. On the other hand, the specialist of Neuroscience is known as Neuroscientist.
  3. A Neurology specialist or a neurologist can prescribe medication to their patients. On the other hand, a Neuroscience specialist or a Neuroscientist can not prescribe any kind of medication to anyone.
  4. Neurologists are the specialists who treat mental illnesses or disorders related to the nervous system of the brain. On the other hand, Neuroscientists are mainly associated with the research work related to the nervous system.
  5. Neurology deals with the conditions such as headaches, excessive migraines, dementia, epilepsy, sleep disorders, neurological trauma, stroke, etc. On the other hand, Neuroscience is the study of researching the conditions and circumstances of the nervous system.

Conclusion

Neurology and Neuroscience are the studies of the same element that is the nervous system but their approaches are different as, Neurology is related to the medication or the treatment of neurological disorders and on the other hand, Neuroscience is related to the research work that is done upon the neurological disorders. Even though the main asset of both the subjects are the same, but their works are distributed. Both the specialists of Neurology and Neuroscience differ from each other in many aspects. One is related to the medication and the other is related to the research work. Neurology is also termed as one of the branches of Neuroscience out of the other twelve branches. Both the subjects aim at the different conditions and circumstances from each other. The main and the only similarity among both the subjects is that both the subjects are related to the nervous system of human beings.

References

  1. https://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/appi.ajp.159.5.695
  2. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.neuro.23.1.343
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