NLD vs Asperger’s Syndrome: Difference and Comparison

NLD and Asperger’s are two kinds of diseases that have many similarities. Both of them are related to the verbal and communication abilities of children.

They are considered to be the same thing because of this. However, each of these diseases is characterized by specific symptoms that differ from each other.

Key Takeaways

  1. NLD (Nonverbal Learning Disability) affects the ability to interpret nonverbal cues, whereas Asperger’s Syndrome is a high-functioning form of autism.
  2. Individuals with NLD struggle with spatial and motor skills, while those with Asperger’s struggle with social interactions.
  3. Both NLD and Asperger’s Syndrome may exhibit strong verbal abilities and average to above-average intelligence.

NLD vs Asperger’s Syndrome

The difference between NLD and Asperger’s syndrome is that NLD is an acronym for ‘Non-verbal Learning Disorder,’ which causes a child to have difficulty in exhibiting complex motor and social skills. However, there is no effect on verbal skills. On the other hand, Asperger’s syndrome is an old discovery now termed ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder.’ It involves repetitive behaviors, difficulties in social interaction, and poor verbal skills in children.

NLD vs Aspergers Syndrome
/10

Science Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to science

1 / 10

The filament of an electric bulb is made of

2 / 10

Which device is used for measuring air pressure?

3 / 10

The purpose of choke in tube light is?

4 / 10

Which of the following is used in pencils?

5 / 10

Washing soda is the common name for

6 / 10

Which of the following compound is mainly used in hand sanitizer?

7 / 10

What is the scientific name of humans?

8 / 10

What is the other name of Newton's first law of motion?

9 / 10

The substances that enter a chemical reaction are called __________.

10 / 10

The element common to all acids is

Your score is

0%

NLD is essentially a neurological disorder. It affects children at a young age and can be characterized by poor motor, social, organizational, and even visual skills.

The problem arises when tasks become too complex or difficult. However, the disorder does not affect the child’s verbal abilities in any way.

On the other hand, Asperger’s syndrome is an old discovery that has now been termed as a severe case of Autism Spectrum disorder.

It affects a child’s social, motor, organizational, and intellectual abilities. Unlike NLD, Asperger’s syndrome affects the patient’s verbal and communication abilities.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonNLDAsperger’s Syndrome
DiscoveryIt was discovered in 1967.It was discovered in 1944.
MeaningIt is an acronym for Non-verbal Learning Disorder that affects children.It is an old discovery that is now termed Autism Spectrum disorder in children.
SymptomsIt is a learning disability that involves poor motor, social, organizational, and visual skills.It is a severe case of Autism in which the child has poor intellectual, motor, and social skills.
CharacteristicsIt does not affect the verbal skills of the child.It affects the verbal and communication skills of a child.
CausesIt is caused by misbalanced neurological activity in the right hemisphere of the brain.Its causes are not yet identified correctly.
DSMIt has never been classified on the DSM-5.It was removed from DSM-5 in 2013, and replaced by Autism Spectrum disorder.

What is NLD?

NLD is an acronym for a non-verbal learning disorder. It was discovered in 1967 and is also commonly known as a visual-spatial learning disorder. Poor neurological abilities in a child characterize it.

This includes poor motor, social, organizational, and visual skills. However, an important thing to be noted is that NLD does not affect the verbal and communication skills of the patient in any way.

The disorder is caused when there is a misbalance of neurological activity in the brain’s right hemisphere. When such a situation occurs, the child starts having difficulties in understanding complex concepts and ideas.

This includes complex math problems and even lengthy writings that need to be memorized. In the initial stages, the child has poor hand-eye coordination and even attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

There is no known cure for the disease. Discoveries are yet to be made to solve the core of this problem. However, patients are given therapy and medications t help with the symptoms.

Interestingly, NLD has never been included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). This is a taxonomic tool that helps doctors diagnose several disorders.

Many doctors argue that it has symptoms specific enough to be classified as a category.

What is Asperger’s Syndrome?

Asperger’s syndrome is somewhat similar to NLD. However, certain characteristics and symptoms make it different. Firstly, Asperger’s syndrome was first discovered in 1944 by Hans Asperger, an Austrian physician.

It was included in the DSM-4 but was removed from the DSM-5 and replaced by Autism Spectrum Disorder.

The disorder causes children to have poor motor, social, organizational, and intellectual skills. While NLD does not affect verbal and communication skills, Asperger’s syndrome does.

A child diagnosed with this disorder finds it difficult to take part in social interactions. He stereotypes various things and shows repetitive behaviors. His perspective is very narrow, and his body is very clumsy.

However, like NLD, there is no cure for Asperger’s syndrome. Even the causes of the disorder are not yet identified. Several doctors suggest that there may be a genetic link that leads to the disorder.

However, there has been no strong evidence supporting this case.

Regardless, the symptoms exhibited by the patient are treated with the help of therapy and medications. This includes behavioral therapies and medication for co-existing symptoms or disorders like depression and ADHD.

Specific speech therapies are also given to the child to help him cope and perform better in social interactions.

Main Differences Between NLD and Asperger’s Syndrome

  1. NLD was discovered in 1967, whereas Asperger’s syndrome was discovered in 1944.
  2. NLD is an acronym for Non-verbal Learning Disorder that affects children, whereas Asperger’s syndrome is an old discovery now termed Autism Spectrum disorder in children.
  3. NLD is a learning disability that involves poor motor, social, organizational, and visual skills, whereas it is a severe case of Autism in which the child has poor intellectual, motor, and social skills.
  4. NLD does not affect the child’s verbal skills, whereas Asperger’s syndrome affects a child’s verbal and communication skills.
  5. NLD is caused by misbalanced neurological activity in the brain’s right hemisphere, whereas Asperger’s syndrome’s causes are not yet identified correctly.
  6. NLD has never been classified on the DSM-5, whereas Asperger’s syndrome was removed from DSM-5 in 2013 and replaced by Autism Spectrum disorder.
References
  1. https://www.tijdschriftvoorpsychiatrie.nl/issues/6/articles/5035
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0829573512436966

Last Updated : 25 June, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!