Difference Between Asperger and High Functioning Autism (With Table)

In terms of diseases, syndromes, and other ailments, medical research has reached a pinnacle of progress and discoveries. Some of these are more severe than others, so it’s crucial to know everything there is to know about them. Asperger’s syndrome and autism are two illnesses that have some similarities but can be distinguished. Although both of these diseases have a similar diagnosing technique now, they have distinct origins and other distinguishing characteristics.

Asperger vs High Functioning Autism

The difference between Asperger’s and High Functioning Autism is that in some places, the former was or is still considered a mild variant of the latter. This is the most significant distinction, and it emerges as a result of the wide range of symptoms or their intensity in relation to the person in question. However, this isn’t the only distinction; there are a few other variances between the two related to their approaches, suitability, and early diagnosis.

Asperger‘s Syndrome is another name for Asperger’s Syndrome. Most people are diagnosed with this illness before they turn two years old, and there’s a chance they’ll never be free of the symptoms. The trouble with general communication or expression, as well as a low level of intelligence in the patient, are some of the syndrome’s unique symptoms. Autism spectrum disorder describes this condition because it is related to behavior that mimics autism.

Autism, on the other hand, is a neurological ailment that is similar to Asperger’s but with more severe symptoms and conditions. Severe symptoms, such as low IQ and communication impairments, are more common in people with this disorder. Although there is no cure for this condition, over time, various strategies have been developed to help individuals increase efficiency and reduce symptoms.

Comparison Table Between Asperger and High Functioning Autism

Parameters of Comparison Asperger High Functioning Autism 
Meaning  A neurological condition or syndrome in which a person has trouble comprehending or expressing himself, as well as a low IQ level and repeating patterns.A neurological disease in which a person has difficulty interacting with others and exhibits regular actions. The symptoms of this illness are severe.
Causes  It is thought to have been acquired through genetics.It is thought to be acquired by genetics or environmental factors.
Symptoms  Difficulty comprehending humor or sarcasm, aggressive conduct, learning difficulties, and so on.Repetitive bodily motions, difficulties communicating, inability to grasp society and good and evil, and other symptoms appear in a range of illnesses.
Nature  It is less abrasive than other plants.It has a very abrasive personality and can cause severe symptoms.
Also known as Asperger’s disorder or syndrome High functioning autism. 
Named by Grunya Sukhareva, a Soviet psychiatrist, gave it that name in 1925.In the year 1910, a Swiss Psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler invented the term.
Cure  Therapy and behavior or skills training are thought to be beneficial.It is assumed that regular behavior exercises and instruction are beneficial. Rubella vaccination during pregnancy is also thought to be beneficial.

What is Asperger?

Asperger’s Syndrome is a neurological illness or syndrome in which a person has difficulty comprehending and expressing himself, as well as a low intellectual level and repetitive behaviors.

Occasionally, this conduct is followed by aggressive or criminal activity. However, this is an extremely special arrest. When it comes to the phrase’s roots, it was coined by Grunya Sukhareva, a Soviet psychiatrist.

However, Hans Asperger, an Austrian doctor, was the inspiration for the term. This is owing to the fact that a new category of children as defined in 1944. These kids failed to build social ties and responded aggressively or irrationally toward even the most insignificant items. This is caused by genetics and is usually inherited, according to studies and research.

Although there is no specific treatment or prescription for this condition, therapy in the form of skill sessions has been shown to help in certain cases. The most typical symptoms are trouble understanding humor or sarcasm, angry behavior, difficulty acquiring skills, and others.

What is High Functioning Autism?

The term autism was coined in 1910 by a Swiss psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler. It is a neurological illness in which a person has trouble connecting with others and shows persistent behaviors.

This condition shows up in a number of ways, including trouble connecting to society, difficulty engaging with peers, and the repeating of certain patterns, such as nodding the head or clapping hands.

At first, it was believed to be a naturally occurring disorder, but it wasn’t until 2007 that the world recognized that this illness is mostly caused by heredity. In fact, this is the most common type of genetic disease. Although there is no treatment, some regular behavior exercises and lectures are thought to be beneficial.

Rubella vaccination during pregnancy is also thought to be beneficial. With the passage of time, the world has begun to designate this sickness as a disease and its sufferers as psychotic.

Main Differences Between Asperger and High Functioning Autism

  1. Autism, on the other hand, is a neurological illness in which a person has difficulties comprehending or expressing himself, whereas Asperger’s is a neurological disorder in which a person has trouble communicating with others and exhibits consistent behaviors.
  2. Grunya Sukhareva, a Soviet psychiatrist, coined the term Asperger’s in 1925. However, in the year 1910, a Swiss psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler invented the term Autism.
  3. Asperger’s syndrome is thought to be inherited. Autism, on the other hand, is thought to be caused by either genetics or environmental causes.
  4. Asperger’s syndrome or condition is another term for Asperger’s, while high functioning autism is another name for Autism.
  5. Asperger’s is a disorder with moderate symptoms, whereas Autism is a disorder with more severe and harsh symptoms.

Conclusion

Despite the fact that each of these diseases is currently diagnosed in the same way, their origins and other differentiating traits are different. It is thought that the syndrome is less harmful than the disease, but in fact, the former is more deadly in comparison because there are few remedies available.

When it comes to syndromes, diagnosing and treating the problem can be quite challenging. Previously, Asperger’s and Autism were classified individually, but since 2013, they have been labeled together. The difference between them is crucial because they all highlight different qualities.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1005653411471
  2. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/development-and-psychopathology/article/is-asperger-syndromehighfunctioning-autism-necessarily-a-disability/CFB89B140583C08316DD264819E943B8

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