Asperger’s vs High Functioning Autism: Difference and Comparison

In terms of diseases, syndromes, and other ailments, medical research has reached the pinnacle of progress and discoveries. Some of these are more severe than others, so it’s crucial to know everything there is to know about them.

Asperger’s syndrome and autism are two illnesses that have some similarities but can be distinguished. Although both of these diseases have a similar diagnosing technique now, they have distinct origins and other distinguishing characteristics.

Key Takeaways

  1. Asperger’s Syndrome presents fewer language and communication challenges than High-Functioning Autism, allowing individuals to maintain relatively normal verbal skills.
  2. Individuals with High-Functioning Autism exhibit more repetitive behaviors and restricted interests than those with Asperger’s Syndrome, leading to a stronger impact on daily functioning.
  3. High-Functioning Autism encompasses various intellectual and social functioning levels, whereas Asperger’s Syndrome is more narrowly defined by average to above-average intelligence and specific social difficulties.

Asperger vs High Functioning Autism

The difference between Asperger’s and High Functioning Autism is that, in some places, the former was or is still considered a mild variant of the latter. This is the most significant distinction, and it emerges as a result of the wide range of symptoms or their intensity in relation to the person in question. However, this isn’t the only distinction; there are a few other variances between the two related to their approaches, suitability, and early diagnosis.

Asperger vs High Functioning Autism

Asperger’s Syndrome is another name for Asperger’s Syndrome. Most people are diagnosed with this illness before they turn two years old, and there’s a chance they’ll never be free of the symptoms.

The trouble with general communication or expression and a low level of intelligence in the patient are some of the syndrome’s unique symptoms.

Autism spectrum disorder describes this condition because it relates to behaviour miming autism.

Autism, on the other hand, is a neurological ailment that is similar to Asperger’s but with more severe symptoms and conditions. Severe symptoms, such as low IQ and communication impairments, are more common in people with this disorder.

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Although there is no cure for this condition, over time, various strategies have been developed to help individuals increase efficiency and reduce symptoms.

Comparison Table

Parameters of Comparison AspergerHigh Functioning Autism 
Meaning  A neurological condition or syndrome in which a person has trouble comprehending or expressing himself, as well as a low IQ level and repeating patterns.A neurological disease in which a person has difficulty interacting with others and exhibits regular actions. The symptoms of this illness are severe.
Causes  It is thought to have been acquired through genetics.It is thought to be acquired by genetics or environmental factors.
Symptoms  Difficulty comprehending humor or sarcasm, aggressive conduct, learning difficulties, and so on.Repetitive bodily motions, difficulties communicating, inability to grasp society and good and evil, and other symptoms appear in a range of illnesses.
Nature  It is less abrasive than other plants.It has a very abrasive personality and can cause severe symptoms.
Also known as Asperger’s disorder or syndrome High functioning autism. 
Named by Grunya Sukhareva, a Soviet psychiatrist, gave it that name in 1925.In the year 1910, a Swiss Psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler invented the term.
Cure  Therapy and behavior or skills training are thought to be beneficial.It is assumed that regular behavior exercises and instruction are beneficial. Rubella vaccination during pregnancy is also thought to be beneficial.

What is Asperger’s?

Asperger’s Syndrome is a neurological illness or syndrome in which a person has difficulty comprehending and expressing himself and has a low intellectual level and repetitive behaviours.

Occasionally, this conduct is followed by aggressive or criminal activity. However, this is an extremely special arrest. When it comes to the phrase roots, was coined by Grunya Sukhareva, a Soviet psychiatrist.

However, Hans Asperger, an Austrian doctor, was the inspiration for the term. This is owing to the fact that a new category of children was defined in 1944.

These kids failed to build social ties and responded aggressively or irrationally toward even the most insignificant items. According to studies and research, this is caused by genetics and is inherited.

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Although there is no specific treatment or prescription for this condition, therapy in the form of skill sessions has been shown to help in certain cases.

The most typical symptoms are trouble understanding humour or sarcasm, angry behaviour, difficulty acquiring skills, and others.

asperger

What is High Functioning Autism?

The term autism was coined in 1910 by a Swiss psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler. It is a neurological illness in which a person has trouble connecting with others and shows persistent behaviours.

This condition shows up in a number of ways, including trouble connecting to society, difficulty engaging with peers, and the repeating of certain patterns, such as nodding the head or clapping hands.

At first, it was believed to be a naturally occurring disorder, but it wasn’t until 2007 that the world recognized that this illness was mostly caused by heredity.

In fact, this is the most common type of genetic disease. Although there is no treatment, some regular behaviour exercises and lectures are thought to be beneficial.

Rubella vaccination during pregnancy is also thought to be beneficial. With the passage of time, the world has begun to designate this sickness as a disease and its sufferers as psychotic.

Main Differences Between Asperger’s and High-Functioning Autism

  1. Autism, on the other hand, is a neurological illness in which a person has difficulties comprehending or expressing himself, whereas Asperger’s is a neurological disorder in which a person has trouble communicating with others and exhibits consistent behaviours.
  2. Grunya Sukhareva, a Soviet psychiatrist, coined the term Asperger’s in 1925. However, in the year 1910, a Swiss psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler invented the term Autism.
  3. Asperger’s syndrome is thought to be inherited. Autism, on the other hand, is thought to be caused by either genetics or environmental causes.
  4. Asperger’s syndrome or condition is another term for Asperger’s, while high-functioning autism is another name for Autism.
  5. Asperger’s is a disorder with moderate symptoms, whereas Autism is a disorder with more severe and harsh symptoms.
Difference Between Asperger and High Functioning Autism
References
  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1005653411471
  2. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/development-and-psychopathology/article/is-asperger-syndromehighfunctioning-autism-necessarily-a-disability/CFB89B140583C08316DD264819E943B8

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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10 thoughts on “Asperger’s vs High Functioning Autism: Difference and Comparison”

  1. Autism, on the other hand, is a neurological ailment that is similar to Asperger’s but with more severe symptoms and conditions.

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