Difference Between Middle School and Junior High (with Table)

The transfer and spread of values, skills, knowledge from one person to another person is defined as education. This helps in shaping an individual’s character, mind, personality and physical abilities. All of this can be experienced in an individual’s daily life. Educational institutions like schools, universities and colleges are responsible for the formal application of education.

The difference between middle school and junior school is that middle school focuses more on the broader scope which consists of social, emotional, organizational, and personality development along with the general subjects whereas junior high school focuses more on the subjects taught to the students and also the mental development of those students.

Preschool level is the level at which formal education starts. It then moves on to elementary or primary level then to secondary level and then colleges and other higher levels. Before reaching the higher levels, an individual must pass all the lower levels of education first. 

Some educational institutes require students to complete and pass a middle school or a junior school in order to attend and proceed to high school while there are also some institutes which do not require such things and students are automatically proceeded to high school after they have completed their elementary education.

Comparison Table Between Middle School and Junior High

Parameters of ComparisonMiddle SchoolJunior High School
Main focusMiddle school focuses more on the broader scope which consists of social, emotional, organizational and personality development along with the general subjects.Junior high school focuses more on the subjects taught to the students and also the mental development of those students.
ClassesMiddle school provides more exploratory and elective classes.Junior high school provides subject based academic classes and also elective classes.
ScheduleMiddle school has a more flexible schedule.Junior High school has a traditional six-period or eight-period day.
EducationMiddle school has student oriented education.Junior high school has subject oriented education.
ClassroomsMiddle school has classrooms that are arranged by grade level.Junior high school has classrooms that are arranged by subject area.

What is Middle School?

A school between elementary school and high school is called middle school. Middle school contains 6, 7 and 8 grade students. Unlike elementary school where students are taught by two or three teachers only, in middle school a number of teachers teach different subjects to the same group of students. The number of subjects in general is six. 

Also, students are often given a choice in some subjects and they can attend whichever subject they want to. It has a broader scope that consists of organizational, emotional, personality and social development. The teachers of middle school work together in groups and teach all the students the subjects they are appointed to teach. 

Different teachers are assigned at different grades and to teach different subjects to the students. The middle school has a block schedule system. The classes are divided into periods. Each day may have six periods or eight periods according to the school hours.

What is Junior High School?

Junior high school is also a school which is between elementary school and high school. The objective of junior high school is the same as middle school which is to prepare and educate the students for high school studies but the approach and the main focus is different from middle school. Junior high schools are more subject oriented rather than student oriented. 

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It’s main focus is to teach the students all the subjects and in the development of their mental abilities like application of what they have learned, problem solving and other life skills. The teachers appointed to a specific group of students are at random. 

They teach the subjects assigned to them to the students. Junior high school also has regular classes with the same classes each and every day of school. Junior high school consists of the 7 and 8 grade students.

Main Differences Between Middle School and Junior High

  1. Middle school focuses on the social, emotional, organizational and personality development along with all the general subjects whereas Junior high school focuses on the subjects taught to the students and also on the mental development of students.
  2. Middle school provides more exploratory and elective classes while Junior high school provides different academic classes based on subjects and elective classes.
  3. Middle school has classrooms that are arranged by grade level while Junior high school has classrooms that are arranged by subject area.
  4. Middle school has a more flexible schedule whereas Junior High school has a six-period or eight-period day.
  5. Middle school has student-oriented education while Junior high school has subject-oriented education.

Conclusion

Both middle school and junior high school are two systems that have the same objective which is to educate students for the higher levels of education. They both have different approaches and also differ in the quality and kind of the education they offer to the students. One difference between Middle school and junior high school is that middle school has younger students than junior high school as middle school consists of 6, 7 and 8 grade and junior high school consists of 7 and 8 grade.

Junior high school teachers are mainly focused on teaching the standard subjects only and they also offer help to students with memory and cognitive development. They also help them in information processing. On the other hand, middle school teachers are mainly focused on helping the students in their organisational and social development. 

They also help the students in their emotional and personality formation along with teaching them the regular subjects matter. The classes of middle school are divided into periods and have a six-period or eight-period day. These classes can be attended on alternate days. Junior high schools have a regular schedule and same classes each and every day for all the students.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/caje.12020
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00940771.1995.11494421