Mahatma Gandhi vs Martin Luther King Junior: Difference and Comparison

Key Takeaways

  1. Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement while MLK Jr. was part of the American civil rights movement.
  2. Gandhi focused on nonviolent civil disobedience while MLK used nonviolent protest like marches and sit-ins.
  3. Both led inspirational social justice movements based on civil rights and freedom through nonviolence.

Who Was Mahatma Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi was an essential figure in the history of India’s Independence movement from British Rule in 1947. He is renowned for his philosophy of nonviolence and Satyagraha. Gandhi was profoundly influenced by his beliefs and commitment to social justice.

Gandhi’s political and social change approach was rooted in nonviolence and civil disobedience. He believed that individuals could confront oppressive regimes through peaceful means. One of his most notable achievements was the Salt March in 1930, a protest against the British salt tax. This symbolic act of defiance captured the attention and highlighted the power of non-violent resistance.

 Gandhi’s life was a testament to his principles. He practised what he preached, leading a simple and austere life. Gandhi also emphasized the importance of self-discipline, truth, and humility. He aimed to create a society where people lived harmoniously, respecting one another’s dignity. He was assassinated in 1948.

Who Was Martin Luther King Jr.?

Martin Luther King was a crucial figure in the American Civil Rights movement who was inspired by his Christian faith and Gandhi’s philosophy. King advocated for racial equality, justice and ending segregation in the US. His leadership and eloquent speeches energized a generation and brought significant social change.

 His emphasis on non-violent protest rooted in love and equality drew attention to the systematic racism in the US. His efforts were met with resistance, including violence and arrests, but his commitment to nonviolence remained steadfast.

His iconic ‘I Have a Dream’ speech showcased his vision for a nation where individuals were judged by their character rather than the colour of their skin.  King also spoke against poverty and economic inequality. Tragically, he was assassinated in 1968. His dream of a more just and equitable society has inspired a generation of activists to work towards a world free from discrimination and inequality.

Difference Between Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Junior

  1. Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent leader in India’s struggle for Independence against British colonial rule. In contrast, Martin Luther King Jr. was crucial in the American civil rights movement for racial equality.
  2. Mahatma Gandhi emphasized nonviolence in peaceful protests, boycotts and hunger strikes, whereas Martin Luther King Jr. incorporated nonviolence through sit-ins, freedom rides and direct action.
  3. His beliefs influenced Mahatma Gandhi’s approach to Hinduism and principles like Satyagraha and Ahimsa. In contrast, Martin Luther King Jr. believed in Christianity and shaped his message of love, justice and equality.
  4. Mahatma Gandhi was seen as a spiritual and moral leader, while Martin Luther King Jr. was more of a charismatic and vocal leader.
  5. Mahatma Gandhi’s influence was primarily focused on India and its independence movement. In contrast, Martin Luther King’s impact extended beyond the borders of the United States and inspired the Civil rights movement globally.

Comparison Between Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Junior 

Parameter of ComparisonMahatma GandhiMartin Luther King Jr.
Background A prominent leader in India’s struggle for Independence A key figure in the American civil rights movement for racial equality
Methods of protestPeaceful protests, boycotts and hunger strikesSit-ins, freedom rides and direct action
Religious influence Hinduism. Satyagraha and Ahimsa Christianity 
Leadership Spiritual and moralCharismatic and vocal 
Geographic scope Within India Global 
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References
  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40015106
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10804-016-9236-7

Last Updated : 25 November, 2023

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