Difference Between Upper Middle Class and Lower Middle Class (With Table)

The general population is usually divided into socio-economic groups. This division is based on a lot of factors such as annual income, livelihood, family background, and so on. Usually, the division is made into three categories, upper class, middle class, and lower class. The middle class is sometimes further divided into the upper-middle class and lower-middle class. 

Upper middle class vs Lower middle class

The main difference between the Upper middle class and the Lower middle class is in the qualification and occupation of the people in these socio-economic groups. The upper-middle-class society comprises people with higher educational qualifications and occupied in white-collar jobs. The lower middle usually comprises semiprofessional individuals, with slightly lower educational qualifications.

The Upper middle class is a socio-economic division in the middle-class group of people. The division is based on the educational qualification and the profession or occupation of people involved in the group. Usually, the upper-middle class consists of individuals with good educational qualifications, involved in white-collar jobs.

The lower middle class is a group in the middle-class society of people. The division usually consists of people who are less qualified than the upper-middle-class group, and who are involved in blue-collar jobs. This generally comprises semiprofessional laborers such as craftsmen, odd-job workers, and so on.

Comparison Table Between Upper middle class and Lower middle class

Parameters of ComparisonUpper middle classLower middle class
Definition The upper middle is the socio-economic group with the highest status in the middle-class societyThe lower middle is the socio-economic group with the lowest status in the middle-class society
DemographicIt consists of individuals with good educational qualifications and white-collar jobs It consists of individuals with slightly lower educational qualifications and blue-collar jobs
WealthThis group often enjoys more comfort and luxury than the lower middle class This group comprises people with fewer amounts of wealth
JobsWhite-collar employees are professional individuals with good pay, perks, and decent securityBlue-collar workers are semiprofessional individuals, such as craftsmen, construction workers, and so on 
livelihoodThis group enjoys a decent livelihood, with good living conditions and life securityThis group is less privileged in terms of living conditions, with no stable life security

What is Upper middle class?

The upper-middle class is a division in the middle-class socio-economic group of the society. The division is made based on the educational qualifications and the occupation that the people of the group are involved in.

The group generally consists of individuals with good educational background, often completing education with at least a professional college degree. Thus a proper education is one of the defining factors of the upper-middle-class group.

Along with a good education, the individuals are also involved in white-collar jobs. These are professional jobs, such as engineering, fields of medicine, architecture, and so on.

As these jobs offer good pay and decent job security, with perks and other advantages, the people in this group are usually well off in terms of living standards.

This group enjoys comfortable living conditions, with wealth and luxury. Along with good living conditions, the individuals in this group also enjoy the safety and security of life as well.

This is also reflected in the family size of typical upper-class families. The families are small, usually comprising of only one or at the most two children. 

Hence this socio-economic group is generally classed as having the highest status among the middle-class group of society.

What is Lower middle class?

The lower middle class is a socio-economic divide in the middle-class group of society. The division is made based on the living conditions of the people, taking into account factors such as their educational background and the type of occupation that the people are involved in.

As such, the lower middle class usually consists of people with slightly lower educational qualifications. A proper college education is very rare, and usually, qualification only consists of a primary school education, which is still quite rare.

The main reason behind this lack of education is that lower-middle-class individuals are often seen abandoning their education to find jobs, to make a living.

Due to a lack of educational qualification, the type of occupation that these people are offered are also low-paying jobs, with no job security, which mostly consists of heavy physical labor.

As these blue-collar jobs do not offer decent pay, the living standards of these individuals are also poor, with often tough living conditions and unsanitary environments.

Another reason for the poor living conditions in the family size of the lower-middle-class families. Typical lower-middle-class families are often larger than upper-middle-class families, with usually more than two children.

Main Differences Between Upper middle class and Lower middle class

  1. Upper middle class is the socio-economic group with the highest status in the middle class society. Lower middle class is the socio-economic group with the lowest status in the middle class society.
  2. Upper middle class consists of individuals with good education and decent jobs. Lower middle class consists of people with lower educational qualifications and blue collar jobs.
  3. Upper middle class often enjoys wealth and luxury. Lower middle class is not as privileged.
  4. Upper middle class consists of white collar employees, with a decent and secure salary, perks and other bonuses. Lower middle class consists of blue collar jobs, with no secure pay and no perks.
  5. The livelihood of upper middle class is very decent, with good living conditions as compared to lower middle class.

Conclusion

The socio-economic division helps city planners and other government agencies identify the demographic group that resides in a region. Typically the division is made based on factors such as wealth, educational qualification, occupation, and other living standards.

The three typical classes that represent the socio-economic division are lower class, middle class, and upper class. The middle class is sometimes further divided into the lower middle class and upper-middle class.

The division between the lower middle class and the upper-middle class is based on the educational qualification and occupational status of the individuals in these two classes.

The upper-middle-class generally consists of individuals with better educational qualifications and occupational status than the individuals in the lower middle class.

References

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=_Am6USqyAhAC&oi=fnd&pg=PR11&dq=upper+middle+class&ots=OEmymvWzQS&sig=mKiU3QdHBpOycYMnSgMDYoBBxZM
  2. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/241338
x
2D vs 3D