Difference Between Ox and Buffalo

The names ox and buffalo are often used and heard. However, many people are unaware of the distinction. Some people believe that ox and buffalo relate to the same animal but Ox and Buffalo are two animals with distinct personalities and attributes.


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Ox is mainly male gender cows that are used for labor work while buffalo are usually bred for working in fields.

Ox vs Buffalo

The difference between an ox and a buffalo is that an ox is smaller and has less hair than a buffalo. The male of the mammal cow is an ox. It has no mammary glands and is castrated after reaching adulthood. A buffalo is of the male gender who has not been castrated.

Ox vs Buffalo

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An ox is a large-horned, powerful bovine that is primarily bred for hard labor in farming and transportation. They have huge ears and hooves like camels and horses.

Because oxen are only deemed “oxen” after they reach the age of four, they are all adults. Oxen have been utilized as labor animals and as food by humans for almost 6,000 years.

Buffalo are African and Asian animals. Although the American bison is commonly referred to as a buffalo, it is not a genuine buffalo. Bison, cattle, and yaks are all related to buffalo. Buffaloes come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

The Cape buffalo is a species of African buffalo that thrives in grasslands and plains. The African buffalo is another name for it.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonOxBuffalo
Size and fur on bodySmaller in size and less hair on the body.Dense hair and are larger.
Castrate statusOx are generally castrated.Buffaloes are never castrated.
NatureFriendly and easy to train.Not easy to train.
Working natureWork in pairs.Work in groups.
PurposeUtilized for minor tasks.Utilized for hard activities

What is Ox?

An ox, or oxen if referring to the plural, is a type of bovine that has been trained as a draught animal. In India and Australia, they are also known as bullocks. Castrated male cattle are herds of oxen. Adults above the age of four are referred to as oxen.

Adult male cattle breeds are routinely castrated to readily control them and engage them in manual labor activities.

This enormous horned and powerful wild creature is useful in a variety of ways. A herd of oxen travels through Europe and North America. In South America and Australia, there are no wild oxen. Some sections of Asia and Africa have wild oxen.

A herd of oxen can live in any season, including snow, cold, and summer.

Oxen herds are bred for a variety of human activities that are economic and commercial. They are bred in rural areas with farms, meadows, green fields, grasslands with little snow, and woods. Oxen are herbivores who eat plants and grass for food.

Humans construct their homes in their circle. The habitat of an ox is similar to that of a stable or shed, where they may be cleaned, fed, and rest.

It’s like a makeshift woodshed in the open fields, where they stroll and graze like other farm animals. An ox has a lifespan of 18-22 years. Its longevity is determined by the level of care and maintenance provided by the owners.

It also relies on whether the oxen herd is overworked or kept in unsanitary circumstances that are hazardous to their health.

What is Buffalo?

Buffalo are large creatures with a lot of muscle. They stand between 2.5 and 6.5 feet tall (0.75 to 2 meters). The horns of certain species are big and curved. Straight horns are found in other species. Hooves are found on the feet of every buffalo.

The majority of buffalo are black, brown, or grey. Water buffalo may be found in Asia’s tropical and subtropical habitats.

They are appropriately titled since they spend most of their time in the water. Their large hooves keep them from sliding into the muck at the bottom of ponds, bogs, and rivers. Buffalo are herd animals, meaning they live in groups.

Water buffalo herds that are separated by gender do exist. Young boys spend three years with their mother herd before joining a male group.

Constitute to 30 mothers and their progeny make up a maternal herd. Male herds might include as many as ten individuals. The majority of African buffalo herds are mixed gender. There are a few all-male herds, but they are mostly old males.

A large African herd might number in the thousands. Buffalo, like the majority of animals, gives birth to live calves.

They usually have just one calf at a time, and the female will carry the calf for 9 to 11 months before giving birth. A water buffalo calf will stay with its mother for three years after it is born.

Female calves will remain with the female herd, while male calves will be moved to an all-male herd.

Main Differences Between Ox and Buffalo

  1. Buffaloes have thicker hair all over their bodies and are bigger. Oxen are smaller than buffaloes and lack the dense hair that buffaloes have all over their bodies.
  2. Male oxen are frequently castrated. Buffaloes are males as well, although they are not castrated.
  3. Oxen are easier to teach and are more friendly to humans. Buffaloes aren’t known for being amiable or simple to train.
  4. Ox generally labors in pairs, whereas buffaloes operate in groups.
  5. Oxen are frequently utilized for minor tasks such as cart hauling and irrigation. Buffaloes are mostly utilized for hard activities such as agriculture and timber hauling.
Difference Between Ox and Buffalo
  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09712119.1994.9705992
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1015205716921
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