Difference Between Penicillin and Cyclosporine

Biological compounds are mostly differentiated on the basis of their chemical formulas. In the interdisciplinary field of organic chemistry, cyclical and structural compounds have widespread pharmaceutical functions.

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Penicillin vs Cyclosporine

The difference between penicillin and cyclosporine is that the former enhances the body’s overall immune response while the latter lowers it considerably. Both drugs should be consumed only under the strict vigilance of a medical practitioner. These two medications also differ on the basis of chemical formula.

Penicillin vs Cyclosporine

Penicillin is an antimicrobial drug used to treat infections in the body that are caused by a specific category of bacteria. The types of penicillin include natural penicillins, beta resistant penicillins, aminopenicillins, etc.

Cyclosporine is a natural immunosuppressant drug. It is also commonly referred to as a calcineurin inhibitor. It is mostly combined with steroids for further fuelling efficiency.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonPenicillinCyclosporine
DefinitionIt is an antibacterial drug that aids the immune system in fighting all types of invading microorganisms and thus reduces signs of infection. It is an immunosuppressant used to support organ transplants and in some cases, treat arthritis and psoriasis as well.
The severity of Side EffectsLess severe side effects, negligible on oral administration. Severe side effects can be observed, including tremors, hypertension, renal dysfunction. and the like.
Average Dosage AllowedApproximately 250 mg, normally permissible thrice a day after every eight hours (as per requirement).No fixed dosage; based on the severity of the health condition and the target organ.
Scientific NamesNatural antibioticCalcineurin inhibitor
Also Available Under Commercial NamesStreptomycin, Sulfonamide, Tetracyclin, etc. Gengraf, Neoral, SandIMMUNE, etc

What is Penicillin?

Penicillin is also known as a natural penicillin antibiotic (regarded as the drug class). The three most common ways of administration include intravenous, intramuscular, and oral.

It aids in effectively combating certain infections caused by bacteria. The most common of those are known to be staphylococcus.

Consumption of penicillin with food is reported to decrease its efficiency. There should be a gap of at least an hour between the previous and next meal.

penicillin

What is Cyclosporine?

Cyclosporine is an immunosuppressant. This category of drugs is used to manage the body’s defense mechanisms. The medicine is used after an organ transplant has occurred.

Rheumatoid arthritis can also be treated using cyclosporine after other types of drugs fail to prove their efficiency. On the other hand, symptoms of psoriasis can also be kept at bay.

Common components include carbon and hydrogen. Cyclohexane stands out each time. Trusted brands should be used and the expiry dates should be checked thoroughly.

cyclosporine

Main Differences Between Penicillin And Cyclosporine

  1. The dosage of penicillin is capped at 250 mg while cyclosporine has no fixed dosage for treatment.
  2. Penicillin is sold as Streptomycin, etc while cyclosporine is sold as Neoral, etc.
Difference Between Penicillin and Cyclosporine

References

  1. https://academic.oup.com/cid/article-abstract/11/5/691/314164
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc1386176/
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