Penicillin vs Cyclosporine: Difference and Comparison

Biological compounds are mostly differentiated on the basis of their chemical formulas. In the interdisciplinary field of organic chemistry, cyclical and structural compounds have widespread pharmaceutical functions.

Key Takeaways

  1. Penicillin is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections, while Cyclosporine is an immunosuppressant used to prevent organ rejection in transplant patients.
  2. Penicillin works by killing bacteria, while Cyclosporine works by suppressing the immune system.
  3. Penicillin is a widely used and relatively safe antibiotic, while Cyclosporine has more side effects and requires careful monitoring.

Penicillin vs Cyclosporine

Penicillin is an antibiotic used to treat and manage bacterial infections. It boosts the immune system’s response to the infection and does not cause severe side effects. Cyclosporine is a drug prescribed after an organ transplant to prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted organ. It works by suppressing the immune system.

Penicillin vs Cyclosporine

Penicillin is an antimicrobial drug used to treat infections in the body that are caused by a specific category of bacteria. The types of penicillin include natural penicillins, beta-resistant penicillins, aminopenicillins, etc.

Cyclosporine is a natural immunosuppressant drug. It is also commonly referred to as a calcineurin inhibitor. It is mostly combined with steroids for further fuelling efficiency.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonPenicillinCyclosporine
DefinitionIt is an antibacterial drug that aids the immune system in fighting all types of invading microorganisms and thus reduces signs of infection. It is an immunosuppressant used to support organ transplants and in some cases, treat arthritis and psoriasis as well.
The severity of Side EffectsLess severe side effects, negligible on oral administration. Severe side effects can be observed, including tremors, hypertension, renal dysfunction. and the like.
Average Dosage AllowedApproximately 250 mg, normally permissible thrice a day after every eight hours (as per requirement).No fixed dosage; based on the severity of the health condition and the target organ.
Scientific NamesNatural antibioticCalcineurin inhibitor
Also Available Under Commercial NamesStreptomycin, Sulfonamide, Tetracyclin, etc. Gengraf, Neoral, SandIMMUNE, etc

What is Penicillin?

Penicillin is also known as a natural penicillin antibiotic (regarded as the drug class). The three most common ways of administration include intravenous, intramuscular, and oral.

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It aids in effectively combating certain infections caused by bacteria. The most common of those are known to be staphylococcus.

Consumption of penicillin with food is reported to decrease its efficiency. There should be a gap of at least an hour between the previous and the next meal.

penicillin

What is Cyclosporine?

Cyclosporine is an immunosuppressant. This category of drugs is used to manage the body’s defence mechanisms. The medicine is used after an organ transplant has occurred.

Rheumatoid arthritis can also be treated using cyclosporine after other types of drugs fail to prove their efficiency. On the other hand, symptoms of psoriasis can also be kept at bay.

Common components include carbon and hydrogen. Cyclohexane stands out each time. Trusted brands should be used, and the expiry dates should be checked thoroughly.

cyclosporine

Main Differences Between Penicillin And Cyclosporine

  1. The dosage of penicillin is capped at 250 mg, while cyclosporine has no fixed dosage for treatment.
  2. Penicillin is sold as Streptomycin, etc. while cyclosporine is sold as Neoral, etc.
Difference Between Penicillin and Cyclosporine
References
  1. https://academic.oup.com/cid/article-abstract/11/5/691/314164
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc1386176/

Last Updated : 25 August, 2023

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17 thoughts on “Penicillin vs Cyclosporine: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The details about the antibiotic nature of Penicillin and the immunosuppressant nature of Cyclosporine are well-explained. It’s a highly informative article.

    Reply
  2. I think the difference in side effects between the two drugs is the most important point for patients. It’s significant for understanding the potential effects of the medications.

    Reply
    • Absolutely! Patients need to be aware of this information to make informed decisions about their treatment.

      Reply
  3. The comparison table is quite helpful to understand the differences between Penicillin and Cyclosporine. It’s great to have clear information about the parameters of comparison.

    Reply
  4. The article delves into the scientific names and commercial names of both Penicillin and Cyclosporine, providing a comprehensive understanding of these medications.

    Reply
  5. Clear and concise information on the differences between Penicillin and Cyclosporine. This will be particularly helpful for those going into the field of pharmaceuticals.

    Reply
  6. The main differences between Penicillin and Cyclosporine are explained in a straightforward manner. Very well-presented content.

    Reply

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