Difference Between Polyp and Fibroid (With Table)

The human body has so many processes going in inside the body, and it is very complex. There are so many diseases that can cause only in Women. Such two Uterine tumors are Polyps and Fibroid that cause health issues in women.

Polyps and Fibroids are both uterine outgrowths and are very similar to recognize but have certain differences in their nature and symptoms.

Polyp vs Fibroid

The difference between Polyps and fibroids is polyps are cancerous and can cause cancer, whereas Fibroids are not cancerous. Poly and fibroid both happen in the walls of the uterus, and both have similar symptoms such as heavy bleeding and pelvic pains, etc. They have different types of medical treatments to remove them.

Polyps are more dangerous and are ball-like outgrowths that grow in the walls of the uterus. They need serious medical attention and can escalate if not properly treated. They have risk factors such as diabetes, genetics, PCOS, ovarian cancer. They usually happen to women between the age group 40 to 50.

Fibroids are outgrowths tissues in the wall of the uterus which are not considered very dangerous and life-threatening. Estimated to happen 1 in every 5 women, Fibroids are often found in women who have aged over 30, and sometimes they are asymptotic. They can, however, likely cause miscarriage and infertility.

Comparison Table Between Polyp and Fibroid

Parameters of ComparisonPolypFibroid
DefinitionThey are ball-like structures that are soft, red outgrowths in the lining of the uterus or endometrium that can cause cancer also.Tissue growths in the wall of the uterus are non-cancerous and can vary in size.
CompositionThey are made up of endometrial tissues that are the lining of the uterus.They are made of muscle tissues that are thick.
TreatmentsPolyps need immediate medical attention, and medical treatments are required for them but not a long-term solution. Surgery is a long-term option to remove polyps.Fibroids are not a very serious issue and need treatments such as hysterectomy that is a non-surgical treatment, and Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) treatment.
EffectThey are more dangerous and cause serious health issues such as bladder issues, abnormal menstrual cycles, vaginal bleeding, etc.They are not life-threatening diseases, and they cause health issues such as lower back pain, heavy bleeding during periods, pelvic pain, etc.
RisksMajor risks include Genetics, high fat diet, Diabetes, Ovarian cancer, PCOS, etc.Major risks include Genetics, obesity, vitamin D deficiency, low consumption of vegetables, etc.

What is Polyp?

Polyps are made up of endometrial tissues and are most common in the female belonging to the age group over the age of 20. They are rare for females who don’t menstruate. They are considered dangerous and life-threatening as they can cause cancer. They can be one or several in the women’s body.

They can cause many health issues such as bladder issues, cancer, abnormal periods, vaginal bleeding, etc. It is not yet certain the reasons behind it, but they can be developed due to increased estrogen levels or by certain medications. They need a surgical operation to get it removed as a long-term result.

What is Fibroid?

The fibroid is a tumor that is made from thick muscle tissues as soft, red outgrowths within the uterus wall. They extend into the uterus cavity and sometimes on the surface of the uterus. There are three kinds of Fibroids that are Submuscosal, Subserosal, and Intramural. Also referred to as Leiomyomas, myomas, and tumors, fibroids are non-cancerous.

1 in 5 women in having childbearing age have uterine fibroids. Found mostly in women over 30 years of age and rarely happens in the age group under 20. They are not a life-threatening disease but can cause infertility and miscarriage for women who sometimes don’t know their symptoms. They cause issues like bleeding, uncomfortably, pelvic pain, etc. They don’t need surgical treatment to remove or treat them.

Main Differences Between Polyp and Fibroid

  1. Polyps are more dangerous and can cause cancer in the uterus, whereas Fibroid is not life-threatening and does not cause cancer.
  2. Polyps are softer, ball-like outgrowths in the lining of the womb or cervix, whereas Fibroid is tissue outgrowths in the walls of the uterus.
  3. Risk factors for Polyps are genetics, high-fat diets, diabetes, PCOS, etc., whereas risk factors for Fibroid include obesity, low vegetable consumption, Vitamin D deficiency, etc.
  4. Polyps can cause serious health issues such as cancer, bladder issues, vaginal bleeding, pain, etc., whereas Fibroid can result in less serious health issues such as lower back pain, heavy bleeding, pelvic pain.
  5. Polyps are more serious and dangerous, thus need immediate medical attention, and can be treated by doing surgery for a long-term solution, whereas Fibroids are less dangerous and sometimes asymptotic. They can be treated using non-surgical options.
  6. Polyps are made from endometrial tissues, whereas Fibroids are made up of thick muscles tissues.

Conclusion

Both these diseases are dangerous in one or other ways as both cause health issues that can make you uncomfortable in your day-to-day life. When it comes to some serious health issue, polyps are cancerous and needs medical attention whereas Fibroids also cause health issue, but they are not cancerous, and sometimes they are asymptotic.

These both conditions are very similar also, and sometimes they are confused in recognizing them. They both are outgrowths that happen in the lining of the uterus, and they both have very similar symptoms also such as pelvic pain, heavy bleeding, abnormal menstrual cycles, cancer, back pain, etc.

However, they both need proper treatment. Polyps need a surgical operation to get it removed fully and as a long-term solution, whereas fibroid has non-surgical options. It is very important for people to keep a check on their health and doesn’t ignore when seeing some abnormal symptoms.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2559.1978.tb01727.x
  2. https://gut.bmj.com/content/33/7/1004.abstract
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