PVA vs LCD: Difference and Comparison

We are surrounded by technology. We have a lot of electrical products or stuff around us, but we don’t know much about their internal workings.

Children sometimes find it difficult to understand. Here, you will find the two most crucial aspects and their variations.

Key Takeaways

  1. PVA (Patterned Vertical Alignment) is an LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) technology sub-type designed to improve color reproduction and viewing angles.
  2. PVA panels deliver higher contrast ratios and deeper black levels than traditional LCDs, reducing the risk of ghosting.
  3. LCD technology offers lower power consumption, thin profiles, and affordability, while PVA specifically enhances image quality within the LCD category.


The difference between PVA and LCD is that the liquid crystal display is a monitor screen that uses a prism to produce images, while PVA is a type of LCD. There are two types of LCD displays: the passive matrix and the active matrix. PVA is a variant of TFT LCD that belongs to the active matrix screen area.


IT Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to technology

1 / 10

Which of the following is not a search engine

2 / 10

The main function of smart assistants like Apple Siri and Amazon Alexa is

3 / 10

Which of the following is defined as an attempt to steal, spy, damage or destroy computer systems, networks, or their associated information?

4 / 10

Who founded Microsoft?

5 / 10

What is the radix of the octal number system?

6 / 10

Systems for differently-abled individuals is an example of

7 / 10

AI systems are made up of

8 / 10

What was the name of the space shuttle that landed man on the moon?

9 / 10

Geo-stationary satellite revolves at –

10 / 10

Which mobile company first introduced Emoji internationally on their mobile devices

Your score is


PVAs come in a variety of forms. S-PVA is a less expensive PVA. Colorful modelling is not used in the S-PVA, and each color part has at most eight bits.

It’s a sort of LCD display. The TFT technology is utilized to enhance the image quality.

It’s an LCD with an active matrix. Vertical alignment is a type of LCD in which the crystals are oriented vertically to the glass surface without the need for voltage.

LCD is essentially a digital modification instrument for viewing objects. It is made up of several segments, each of which is filled with liquid crystals.

These crystals are ordered or stacked in front of a reflector or light source to create images. Color or monochrome photos are possible.

The LCD panels do not produce any light of their own. Consequently, an external light source is needed.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonPVALCD
Stands for Patterned Vertical AlignmentLiquid Crystal Display
Power consumptionPVA uses more energy.LCD uses more power.
Response timeThe response time for PVA is the highest. The response time for LCD is the highest than PVA.
BrightnessThe brightness of PVA is excellent. The brightness of the LCD is also excellent.
Best useDocumentationClear Pictures.

What is PVA?

The characteristic of PVA is that it has many electrodes. PVA consumption in the industry is expanding as a result of customer demand for improved image quality.

PVA mode was first launched by Samsung in 2004. Everything has advantages and disadvantages.

It has a few as well. However, PVA has more benefits and fewer drawbacks.

The most popular technology is PVA, which is a new sort of LCD.

When the user turns on the voltage, the liquid crystal is oriented perpendicular to the standard. It’s a broad technique that’s most recognized for being used in Samsung TVs to improve front-screen performance from various angles.

A thin-film transistor is a field-effect device made by forming a thin film of semiconductor material, a dielectric material, and metal contacts on a supportive surface.

A transistor is installed in each unit of an LCD, making it incredibly easy to turn it on and off.

Crosstalk between units is further reduced because the TFTs are incorporated into the screen itself. When a signal sent to one pixel affects another pixel, this is known as crosstalk.

A TFT, commonly known as an active matrix display, is a type of display that is more responsive to changes and refreshes more quickly.

Gamers were also able to solve their problem because of the speedier reaction time. TFTs are now the industry standard for LCD and LED screen manufacturing.

What is LCD?

LCDs are screens that use liquid crystals placed between two sheets of polarizing material. Because the polarizing filters are perpendicular to one another, light passing through the first filter is stopped by the second.

When an electric potential is added to the crystals, the light that is permitted to pass through generates the images.

LCDs are utilized for a wide range of purposes, including computer displays, television screens, clocks, calculations, and so on. LCDs are divided into two categories: passive matrix and active matrix.

Passive matrix displays are employed in fewer applications requiring high such as wristwatches, where only a small amount of information needs to be presented, and the display uses the least power.

Twisted nematics are a form of crystalline material that is looped in shape and used in LCDs.

An LCD is constructed in layers, with a mirror on the back for reflection and a piece of glass with a polarizing film on the bottom side.

A sheet of liquid crystals follows, followed by another sheet of glass with an electrode and a polarizing film that is at an angle to the first.

After that, the LCD is connected to a power source, which charges the crystals and enables them to generate a picture on the screen. LCDs also contain a light that allows the user to see the image.


Main Differences Between PVA and LCD

  1. PVA stands for Patterned Vertical Alignment, and LCD stands for Liquid Crystal Display.
  2. PVA uses more energy, whereas LCD uses more power.
  3. The response time for PVA is the highest, whereas The response time for LCD is the highest than PVA.
  4. The brightness of PVA is excellent, whereas The brightness of LCD is also excellent.
  5. PVA is best used for Documentation, whereas LCD is best used for clear pictures.
  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1889/1.1825761
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1889/1.1821317

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!