Difference Between RTF and DOC

RTF and DOC are two of the word processing document types. In the recent world, we all know DOC is the most popular and there is no competitor for it. It is undoubtedly the safest choice and has also been set as the default option. However, RTF is an old file format that provided simple options and had limits. It was also very small in size. To overcome these problems, DOC was introduced.

Let us discover some more features of them in this article. This might help us to know more about their uses as well as their differences.

RTF vs DOC

The main difference between RTF and DOC is their formatting. In RTF, the options are limited and simple. It contains the basic pieces of information and formatting options. The new version of Microsoft does not head for any kind of development in RTF. Whereas, DOC includes complex formatting structure. Documents can be formatted in a number of ways by the user.

RTF vs DOC

RTF stands for Rich Format Text. It was used as a text file and was introduced in the year 1987. It contained more information as compared to other file formats. The file extension for RTF is.rtf. It does not provide any special security features for users.

On the other hand, DOC stands for Microsoft Word Document. At first. this was used as a normal file format. It was introduced in the 1990s and was finally set as the default file format. The file extension for DOC is.doc. It provides special security features and the documents are safely encrypted.

Comparison Table Between RTF and DOC

Parameters of ComparisonRTFDOC
AbbreviationRTF means Rich Format Text.DOC means Microsoft Word Document.
Formatting RTF does not provide a wide range of formatting optionsDOC provides a wide range of formatting options.
DevelopmentMicrosoft Team has stopped all improvements and developments in RTF.With every version, Microsoft continues to focus on the development of DOC.
SizeThe size of the RTF file is very small as compared to DOC.DOC is much larger. 
SecurityRTF is not very safe since it does not provide any kind of guaranteed security.DOC has its safe security features and the files are encrypted.

What is RTF?

RTF is an upgraded version of a normal text file. In RTF, in addition to it, some extra information can be stored. It includes font style or size, adding images, and so on. It is supported and is compatible with a lot of applications. Hence, it is a good choice for cross-platform document sharing.

RTF was created universally by Microsoft back in 1987. The format was designed in such a way that it would be used by the maximum word processor. By this method, the sharing of word documents became easier. Even for people who did not use the Word, it was a good option.

Still, in the present world, it is supported by a number of apps. However, the Microsoft team did quit its development since the year 2008. In addition to that, all the operating system have their own built-in RTF files. A platform such as Google Docs still lets us edit RTF files.

An app is always set as default to open the RTF file. If we choose to open it with some other apps, the process is quite simple. We just need to select “Open With” and then select the desired option from the drop-down menu.

What is DOC?

DOC is yet another word processing document introduced by Microsoft. However, it is exported by some other word processing program. With every new version, Microsoft aims to develop DOC documents. It works on its compatibility issues and sets the changes likewise.

It is a binary file format and is presently the most widely used application for word processing. It is a very updated format that allows the addition of images, hyperlinks, and even alignments. It is very large in size and allows a large amount of data to be accommodated.

DOC has been set as the default format in the newer version. The filename extension used for DOC is .doc. Moreover, it is an older version of Microsoft Word. In the present day, it has been upgraded. Docx.

The best feature of DOC is definitely that the user can save the file in any form they want. However, one of the disadvantages is that it can not be opened with just any application. It requires a certain specific application to open these files.

Main Differences Between RTF and DOC

  1. The major difference between RTF and DOC is their formatting. RTF does not provide a lot of formatting options. The range is limited and simple. Whereas, DOC provides a wide range of formatting options as compared to RTF. Documents can be formatted in any possible way.
  2. RTF stands for Rich Format Text. It was used as a text file. Whereas, DOC stands for Microsoft Word Document.
  3. Microsoft itself has stopped all forms of improvements and developments in RTF. Moreover, the new version can not be saved in the type. On the other hand, every version continues to focus on the development of DOC.
  4. The size is a very important factor. The size of the RTF file is very small and that was one of the drawbacks. However, DOC is much larger in size. A large amount of data can be accommodated.
  5. The security factor is very important in any field. RTF does not provide any kind of guaranteed security and is not very safe. On the other hand, DOC has its security features and the files are encrypted.

Conclusion

RTF and DOC have their respective differences but in the end, they do have a lot of similarities. Firstly, both of them are word-processing documents. Hence, they do have certain common features. With time and advancement, platforms are developed and such is the case here. DOC is much advanced with a lot of advanced features.

Moreover, security is their main priority and DOC provides us that. This makes it the safest and most popular word document. RTF as mentioned earlier was a much older version or format. It was developed a long time back. Considering the time, it had a lot more options as compared to a normal text file.

References

  1. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/801/1/012054/meta
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