Difference Between Square and Cube

The shape is categorized and designated as polynomials in geometry. From the point of view of mathematics, figures and shapes are fundamental. They are used to solve an equation. Square and cube are also two types of shapes. They might appear to be similar but entirely different. It takes keen observation to see the difference.

Square vs Cube

The main difference between a square and a cube is that a square is a two-dimensional shape that is made of four equal lines. On the other hand, a cube is known to be a three-dimensional shape that includes 12 edges or lines. A square is a simple structure to design, while drawing a cube can be tricky for some people.

Square vs Cube

A Square is a type of shape that has four sides of the same length. Each angle of a square is a right angle. Right angles are those that evaluate to 90 degrees. Square belongs to the quadratic polynomials. A square is generally considered to be a 2D shape that lacks depth. It has four vertices and four edges, which is very important in mathematics, especially in geometry.

A cube is a solid shape that comprises six squares, and it is considered to be a 3D shape. It is a three-dimensional shape that has 12 edges and eight vertices. To find out the volume of a cube, a person has to know measurements of only one side. ‘length x width x height = volume’ is the formula to figure out the volume.

Comparison Table Between Square and Cube

Parameters Of ComparisonSquareCube
Length of edgesThe length of edges in a square must always be equal according to its definition. The length of the edges of cubes can be equal and irregular.
VerticesA square has only four vertices. Vertices are the points where lines of a shape meet. The number of vertices given in a cube is eight, which is twice a square.
DimensionA square is known to be a two-dimensional shape because it doesn’t have depth. A cube is known to be a three-dimensional shape because it has depth.
Formula of VolumeSquare is a 2D shape, and that’s why it doesn’t have the volume to measure. The formula to figure out the volume of the cube is Side x Side x Side (V= a³).
Formula of AreaThe formula to figure out the Area of the square is Area = side x side (length x breadth). The formula of the total surface area of a cube is 6 x side x side (6a²).

What is Square?

A square is a two-dimensional geometrical shape with four vertices, four edges, and an internal angle of 90 degrees. The square has four right angles inside of it. It is a regular polygon that shares properties with convex polygon, equilateral polygon, cyclic, isogonal figure, etc. A Square is also defined as a rectangle because its two adjacent sides have a similar length.

The total sum of the square’s angle is 360 degrees. Since it is made of four right angles, other polygons that fit into the definition of a square are rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus, trapezium, etc. A rectangle is a square because it has two adjacent equal sides. A parallelogram is considered to fit the square’s explanation because it has two adjacent equal sides and a right vertex.

A rhombus can pass for a square because each angle is similar and has a right vertex. A trapezium can be called a square because it has a pair of parallel sides. When diagonals of some quadrilateral are equal and bisect each other, making a right angle is known as a square.

According to the definition, the parallel sides of a square should be similar. A square has a perimeter and Area. The circumference is measured with the help of the formula take is p = 4 x side or 4l. And the formula to find out Area is side x side that is written as l².

What is Cube?

A cube is a three-dimensional shape built up with six squares putting together face to face. A cube has eight vertices, six faces, and twelve edges. Cube is one of the platonic solids and hexahedrons. A person is suggested to use the formula to find out the volume of a cube is volume = height x length x width.

If a person only knows the exact measurement of one side of a cube, he can simply figure out the Volume and Area of the cube. The other examples of a cube are rhombohedral, equilateral cuboid, parallelepiped, etc. A cube consists of Orthogonal projections: faces, edges, vertex figures, and vertices.

A cube is considered to be the most exact shape in a 3-dimensional world. With proper technique, it can be drawn flawlessly. The shape of the cube is called cubic and has a vital role to play in the equation. A cube is divided into curved surface area and total surface area.

In curved surface area, only four sides of the cube facing each other are included, while in total surface area, all sides of a cube are included. All these faces are in the shape of a square, and their angles are also right angles. A single vertex of a cube is shared by three faces.

Main Differences Between Square and Cube

  1. A square is manufactured by putting the equal lines together, forming right angles. On the other hand, a cube is manufactured by putting six squares together facing one another.
  2. The other shapes considered to be square are trapezium, rectangle, rhombus, and parallelogram. On the other hand, equilateral cuboid, parallelepiped, and rhombohedral fit in the definition of a cube.
  3. A square is considered a two-dimensional shape in geometry since it lacks depth, whereas a cube is a three-dimensional shape and has depth to measure.
  4. A square doesn’t have the volume to be measured because it is a two-dimensional geometrical shape. On the other hand, the volume of a cube can be measured.
  5. The number of vertices in a square is four, which is half of the cube. On the other hand, a cube is made up of eight vertices.


Shapes are significant terms for daily life. They help to classify visual data. Kids learn about them at a very young age to use them in advanced mathematics. Shapes are considered to be very helpful when it comes to identifying numbers.

Geometry entirely revolves around these shapes. If a person wants to become an architect or a designer of stunning cars, he should have vast knowledge about various types of shapes. Each shape comes with separate formulas to find out their measurements.

Square and cube are part of every design that takes place in any industry. Hence, having adequate knowledge of square and cube never goes to waste.


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=B2Qmt_ocwywC&oi=fnd&pg=PR11&dq=square&ots=GCHg16rjgW&sig=fUZPe2EM0XrHhd3WhaZ5s4_2E2M
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1009726021843
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