Difference Between Steel and Graphite Shafts (With Table)

The steel and graphite shafts have their advantage and disadvantage. The people who have started or at an un-professional level will be benefited from the graphite shaft due to the weight and easy handling whereas the professional people prefer the steel shaft where they need proper handling.

Steel vs Graphite Shafts 

The main difference between the steel and graphite shafts is that the steel shaft is used by professionals because of its vibrations which are felt by the golfers and they like it and the steel shaft is used by amateurs because of its weight which gives more swing and distance. 

Steel shafts are a very important part of the golfers because of the feels it gives due to having higher feedback. Generally, people prefer the steel shafts as more durable and heavy. The cost of the product is also less which enables more people to buy and the preference also depends on style. 

Graphite shafts are expensive due to their weight which provides the swing to the players who play at slow swing tempos. It also enables the players who any have kind of injuries to play and because it absorbs the vibrations at the mid-shift making the hits less painful and attaining speed and swing.

Comparison Table Between Steel and Graphite Shafts

Parameters of ComparisonSteel ShaftsGraphite Shafts
Weight of the shaft The steel shaft is comparatively heavy and generally weighs in the range of 100-120gms.They are lighter due to being made from graphite and weigh approximately 60-70gms. 
Torque of the shaftThe torque is quite low which gives more control but decreases the comfort. It is around 1-3oDue to having higher torque, it is more comfortable but the control is less. It is in the range of 1-8o.
FlexIt has lower flex which means it gives less power to shot but has a higher accuracy rate.It has more flex and tends to give more power and is preferred by people with injuries or amateurs.  
DurabilityThey are durable because of having more weight and less flex.They easily break because of the weight and higher flex. 
Feels While playing it gives higher feedback and therefore feels more solid on the vibration part.While playing it is easier to handle and can be easily used by anyone due to less feedback and feels smooth. 
DisadvantagesThey are rigid and cause injuries due to the vibration easily when the shot is mishit.They are more expensive and can cause people to miss more shots due to less control. 

What is Steel Shaft?

The steel shaft is a piece of golfing equipment used for taking the shots and feels more rigid and solid. It is more usually used by professionals due to the feels it gives because of the vibrations. The vibrations are caused due to high feedback and the mid-shift does not absorb it. The vibrations make the professional golfer feel alive and full of energy.

The benefit of using a steel shaft is that they provide more accuracy when doing a shot due to having more weight. They also provide lower torques which enable the user to do more accurate and swing shots. They also have less flex which also enhances the property of accuracy and is less expensive and can be easily used by golfers who have high swing speed as it matches their tempo. Most of the people who swing too fast also prefer this shaft. 

A coin has two sides and so does a steel shaft have disadvantages. Due to having less torque that is around 1-3o it decreases the comfort of the golfer and it is often not suited for people with slow swing tempo as it can decrease the distance by a few yards. The less flex also adds the property of less power to the shot and cause injuries. 

What is Graphite Shaft?

A graphite shaft is often used in the golfing industry to take shots and is more appropriate for users who have any injuries or are amateurs. This is because it provides more comfort and lessens the vibrations which may cause injuries by the use of mid-shift. The mid-shift generally absorbs such effects and gives smoother gameplay. 

A graphite shaft has its benefits. They are lightweight and can easily be handled and increase the distance by giving the shot more power. They have a higher torque which gives the golfer comfort and a feeling of easiness while playing. The shafts also have higher flex which increases the property of giving power to the shots as well as reduces the amount of injury that can be done during a mishit. They are preferred with people having slow swing speed as it matches their tempo and also increases the distance by a few yards.

The disadvantages of using this shaft also come with its benefits. They are less durable because they are lightweight and have a higher flex. The torque is in the range 1-8o which also decreases the accuracy of the shot and the proper hit can become a bad shot. The people with high speed do not prefer this because they might miss the shot due to the property that it provides more power. 

Main Differences Between Steel and Graphite Shafts

  1. The steel shaft is more rigid and weighs around 100-120gms whereas the graphite shaft weighs quite less and is in the range of 60-70gms. 
  2. The steel shaft is quite durable due to being heavyweight whereas the graphite shafts easily break due to having less weight and more flex.
  3. The steel shafts have less torque which is in the range of 1-3o and it provides the shaft to be more in control and lessens the comfort but for graphite shaft, it is quite opposite. It is more comfortable due to more torque which is in the range of 1-8o
  4. The flex for the steel shaft is quite low and enables it to have more accuracy and have less power and is preferred by people having a high-speed tempo. On the other hand, graphite shafts have high flex which reduces their accuracy but increases their power and is therefore preferred by people who have slow speed tempo. 
  5. Steel shafts are less expensive and have more feels due to having high feedback and can also cause injuries due to a mishit whereas the graphite shafts have less feedback which makes the shot more smooth and can be used by people with hand or arm injuries. 

Conclusion

The perfect choice of a shaft depends on the player and what he/she prefers. The perfect answer to the question about which is better is still not determined. The preferred choice of the shaft depends on you and it can be developed over the years of playing. Steel shafts give more feels due to having more vibration and the graphite shafts provide more power to the shot. The steel shaft is more injury-prone due to the rigidity whereas the graphite shafts are less durable and have lesser accuracy. Both of the shafts are used by people of different playstyle mostly but it also depends if you can set your hand on the equipment and avoid any kind of mishaps. 

References 

  1. https://www.mdpi.com/785750 
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007850607617910 
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