Artificial intelligence is the basis of computer learning. It is the future of independent decision-making in complex situations. Most of the automated processes are built from artificial intelligence.
Artificial intelligence can be further divided into two main types. They are – Strong AI and Weak AI.
- Strong AI possesses human-like cognitive abilities, enabling it to understand, learn, and solve problems autonomously.
- Weak AI focuses on specific tasks and cannot understand or reason outside its designated function.
- Strong AI aims to replicate human intelligence, while Weak AI seeks to enhance human capabilities by automating specific tasks.
Strong AI vs Weak AI
The difference between strong and weak AI is that strong AI is the future of artificial intelligence, while weak AI is the present form of artificial intelligence. Strong AI can tackle diverse problems and develop new approaches to solve the task, while Weak AI can only accomplish specific problem reasoning and solving tasks.
Strong AI can be in the form of a machine built like a man with a sensory perception similar to a human.
Machines and programs have a mind of their own which helps them to think and accomplish complicated tasks without the interference of humans.
On the other hand, Weak AI Is in the form of a machine that is built with pre-designed and predetermined responses and answers.
Any question or problem presented before an answer from the predetermined sets supports a Weak AI. Weak AI has wide applications in various devices.
|Parameters of Comparison||Strong AI||Weak AI|
|Intelligence abilities||Strong AI have their mind and exhibit abilities of human cognitive||The maximum level of strong AI is to match accurate human intelligence|
|Type||Strong AI is the future of artificial intelligence||Weak AI is the present form of artificial intelligence|
|Goal||To develop innovative approaches for every task or problem through artificial intelligence||To solve problems and tasks at a faster pace and accomplish the particular task|
|Application||Still not applied||Voice-based personal assistance models like Siri or Alexa|
|Maximum level||The top level of weak AI is to provide solutions within the predefined responses.||The top level of weak AI is to provide solutions within the predefined responses|
What is Strong AI?
Strong AI refers to a particular type of mindset in the development of artificial intelligence.
The goal of strong AI is to develop artificial to a level where a machine’s intellectual capability is equally functional to the intellectual capacity of a human.
Strong AI can be in the form of a machine built like a man with a sensory perception similar to human.
A Strong AI machine can even go through a similar learning and education process as a human child. It would not be born as a child but developed analogously in human development.
The approach of Strong AI is similar to creating human intelligence in computers.
Strong AI can have the ability to interact with the surrounding environment and even have the potential to learn from the interaction. It can develop common sense and language after some time.
These programs have a mind of their own which helps them to think and accomplish complicated tasks without the interference of humans.
The immediate application of applied AI overshadows the development of Strong AI.
The progression of the development in embedded systems is not satisfactory, even in the basic construction.
Strong AI algorithm is complex, enabling systems to act in various situations and form independent decisions.
Strong AI is also referred to as a theoretical form of machine intelligence. The main idea, supported by solid eyes, is that machines can develop human consciousness up to the level of human beings.
What is Weak AI?
Weak AI is also referred to as the narrow a complete stop. The functionality of Weak AI is limited and restricted.
Weak AI includes advanced algorithms which help the program or machine to accomplish particular problem reasoning or solving tasks. It does not encompass the ranges of human cognitive abilities.
They have a response that is programmed. Any decision-making outside their programming cannot be completed or performed by them.
There is no scope for reprogramming on learning from the surrounding environment.
The results or outcomes of Weak AI are not quite interesting. The building of Weak AI includes intelligent behaviour that programs or machines can model to solve specific tasks.
Weak AI can behave intelligently but interrogate a more innovative approach like a human. There is no provision for interacting with the surroundings in Weak AI.
Weak AI cannot achieve self-awareness or consciousness like a human being. There is no provision for demonstration of human cognitive abilities. They are intelligent but have a boundary.
They cannot cross the boundary and think and make independent decisions. They are built from a human mind but cannot function as a human mind.
Main Differences Between Strong AI and Weak AI
- Strong AI is a hypothetical and theoretical form of artificial intelligence, while Weak AI is a practical form.
- Strong AI functions on human cognitive abilities, while Weak AI does not function on human cognitive abilities.
- Strong AI has no pre-programmed, predetermined structure and responses, while Weak AI has pre-programmed, predefined structures and responses.
- Strong AI can tackle diverse problems and develop new approaches to solve the task, while Weak AI can only accomplish specific problem reasoning and solving tasks.
- Strong AI includes machines that are self-aware and conscious, while Weak AI includes machines that are neither self-aware nor conscious.
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Sandeep Bhandari holds a Bachelor of Engineering in Computers from Thapar University (2006). He has 20 years of experience in the technology field. He has a keen interest in various technical fields, including database systems, computer networks, and programming. You can read more about him on his bio page.