English is a quite complicated language and so is English grammar. Many English professors and lecturers who have gained mastery in this field still find some English grammatical terms that confuse them.
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Two of such terms are objects and subjects. The in-depth knowledge of these two grammatical terms is discussed in the coming sections.
Subjects vs Objects
The main difference between subjects and objects is that the former refers to a person or a thing that does a specific action while on the other hand, an object refers to something on which an action has been done. For example – Jessica threw the bag, here Jessica is the subject and the bag is the object.
A subject is a grammatical term that refers to a person or a thing that delivers a particular action or work. In other words, it describes the noun or pronoun that does work.
The subject also indicates a place or idea. It precedes the verb and also agrees with it.
An object is a grammatical term that indicates to the person or thing that a specific action is done on. It is a form of noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that receives an action done on it.
It follows the verb in a given sentence and also disagrees with it.
Comparison Table Between Subjects and Objects
|Parameters of Comparison||Subjects||Objects|
|Definition||Subject refers to a person, thing , or idea that delivers a specific amount and type of action.||Object refers to something on which a particular action has been done.|
|Types||The types of subjects are simple subjects, compound subjects, and noun phrases.||The types of objects are direct object, indirect object, and object of a preposition.|
|Pronouns To Be Used||Pronouns to be used in the case of a subject are I, You, He, She, It, They, Who, Whoever, and We.||Pronouns to be used in the case of an object are Me, You, Him, Her, It, Us, Them, and Whom.|
|Order of Occurrence||The subject precedes the verb (the action word) in a given sentence.||The object follows the verb ( the action word) generally in a given sentence.|
|Question Words||What or Who are the question words used to identify a subject.||What or Whom are the question words used to identify an object.|
What are Subjects?
A subject is one of the most important grammatical terms discovered. It is directed towards a person or a thing that does an action.
Not just something or someone, but the subject also refers to a place or idea. It is also referred to as a doer.
Generally, subjects precede a verb (which is an action word) in any sentence that they are used in. The latter also agrees with the verb.
The classification of a subject can be done as a simple subject or as a complete subject.
Subjects can easily be identified in a sentence by using the question words like What and Who. They are of three types:
- Simple Subject – It is the most important word in a sentence because it tells who or what is acting. For example – Elena is cooking food. Here Elena is the simple subject.
- Compound Subject – It is a type of subject that combines two or more simple subjects in a sentence using ‘and’, ‘nor’ or ‘or’. For example – Time and tide wait for none.
- Here ‘time’ and ‘tide’ are simple subjects that are joined by and to form a compound subject.
- Noun Phrases – It is a noun or pronoun (that appears to act as a noun) containing a phrase. For example – A young child who loved cakes. Here the child is the noun.
What are Objects?
An object is a grammatical term that refers to something on which a particular type and amount of work are done. An object can either be a noun or a pronoun.
Generally, an object follows the given verb (an action word) in a sentence. The former does not agree with the verb. It can be classified as a direct and indirect object.
The question words which help to identify an object in a given sentence are What and Whom. Just like a subject, an object is of three types:
- Direct Object – It is a type of object that receives an action done by the given subject. For example – Jennie ate the chocolate pastry. Here pastry is the direct object.
- Indirect Object – It is a type of object which indicates who or what gets benefitted from a specific action. It directs what gets a particular thing as a result. For example – She gave him her book. Here ‘him’ is the indirect object.
- The object of Preposition – An object of preposition refers to a noun or pronoun that is present to the left of a preposition. For example – John walked in silence. Here ‘silence’ is the object of the preposition.
Main Differences Between Subjects and Objects
- A subject refers to somebody or something that delivers a specific action while on the other hand, an object is something on which work is done.
- Subject has three types which are simple subjects, compound subjects, and noun phrases whereas object types are indirect objects, direct objects, and objects of the preposition.
- What and Who are the question words for subjects while What and Whom are the question words for objects.
- Subjects precede verbs whereas objects follow verbs.
- Subjects are direct to people, places, things, or ideas while on the other hand objects are direct to a thing.
English is an integral part of our day-to-day communication. Its complicated nouns and verbs are what build the language immensely valued and respected.
English grammar is like a garden and its grammatical terms are the flowers planted in it.
Two of the most common terms are Subject and Object. The person or thing doing an action is called a subject and something on which an action is done is called an object.
Both the terms have different meanings and types yet they both complete each other in a sentence.
One precedes and agrees with the verb while the other follows and disagrees with the given verb in a sentence.
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