Difference Between Tablet and Pill

Pills and tablets are two types of medicine that are beneficial because they are easy to consume and come in appropriate dosages. If a person is given specific power made of herbs, it would be challenging to decide the required amount, and it might taste horrible. Pills and tablets avoid such troubles and are now available at every place.

Tablet vs Pill

The main difference between tablet and pill is that a tablet is made of specific powder compressed or compacted. It is usually not round but flat and cylindrical. On the other hand, Pill is a typical form referring to every type of medicine in the pharmaceutical industry. It can be made of anything for multiple purposes.

Tablet vs Pill

A tablet is a mixture of excipients that are active and typically in the form of powder. This powder is then compacted to form OSD (oral dosage form). Tablets are manufactured in the pharmaceutical industry in every country. A tablet is prepared by molding and compression procedure. That’s the reason tablets are also called molded tablets and compressed tablets.

A pill is a piece of medicine that people round and usually swallow. Pills are the opposite of capsules and primarily come in a circular shape. The highest consumed pills around the world are known as birth control pills. Also, a pill is not necessarily made for medical purposes only. It can also be made of sugar to be enjoyed by people.

Comparison Table Between Tablet and Pill

Parameters Of ComparisonTabletPill
OriginThe invention of tablets goes far back to around 1500 BC in papyruses in ancient Egypt. Pills were introduced to people in the late 1940’s by a chemist known as Dr. Carl Djerassi.
ShapeTablets are long and flat, having a cylindrical or elliptical shape. Pills are always in round shape, although their size can vary depending on the requirement.
TypesThere are various types of tablets available in the market, for example, uncoated tablets, coated tablets, effervescent tablets, etc. Pills have mainly two types that are combination pills and progestin-only pills.
Made ofIn pharmaceuticals, tablets are made of excipients, powder of ingredients, required active substances, etc. Pills are generally made of calabash chalk, also known as Argile. It absorbs the medicine quickly.
UsageThe common uses of tablets are relieving pain, healing wounds, treating diseases, and many more. The uses of pills are regulating the menstrual cycle, reducing the risk of ovary cyst and uterine cancer, and many more.

What is Tablet?

A tablet is a solid form of medicine taken from the mouth and then digested. IT is generally called solid dosage form and manufactured in every corner of the world. Solid dosage forms of medicine are classified into two categories that are unit dose and bulk dose. Bulk dose includes external powder, internal powder, and just powder, whereas capsules, tablets, sachet, inhalers come in the unit dose category.

Tablets are manufactured by compressing and compacting the powder into a flat shape. This powder comprises active pharmaceutical ingredients to heal or treat diseases. Tablets are taken orally, and that’s why they are also known as solid oral form. A tablet is prepared by adding various additives, for instance, glidants, binders, diluents, lubricants, disintegrating agents, and many types of coating materials.

Other ingredients for adding sweetness, flavor, and color are also permitted if required. Tablets are taken with the help of some type of liquid such as milk or water. Other formats of administering a tablet are chew, swallow, dispersed in water, dissolved, etc.

There are two major types of tablets; coated and uncoated. Uncoated tablets are also called core tablets and are consumed rapidly for disintegration in the gastric fluid. Coated tablets, on the other hand, have thin layers of polymers.

What is Pill?

Pills are also solid dosage forms of medicine that come in round shape. Pills are generally small and made of a variety of ingredients. A pill can be associated with any field, and it is not definite that pills are made of pharmaceutical ingredients. It can be prepared from cane sugar and milk sugar.

Pills are available in a wide range of types, and the most common type consumed is birth control pills. Birth control pills are taken by females to avoid unwanted pregnancy. The birth control pill contains hormones and diverts the generalized functionality of the body. The hormones in the birth control pills are chemical substances that control the uterus and ovaries.

Birth control pills are full of progesterone and estrogen hormones, and sometimes a mixture of both. These hormones are responsible for the ovulation procedure. Hence, the ovulation procedure is interrupted, and then there is no egg to fertilize.

Birth control pills use another method to prevent pregnancy: to thicken the mucus of the cervix and make it difficult for sperm to attach. In this method, sperm never reaches the egg. These pills are very affecting medium to prevent pregnancy. But the studies show that 9 out of 100 couples can have an accidental pregnancy.

Main Differences Between Tablet and Pill

  1. The main feature of a tablet is that it contains an accurate dose of drugs. On the other hand, the pill contains different types of hormones.
  2. Tablets are administered to treat wounds, pain, diseases a person is suffering from. On the other hand, Pills are generally taken by females for conditions related to ovaries and uterine.
  3. Tablets come with the measured amount of drugs, and they can be broken into half, whereas pills are small and can not be broken into half.
  4. Tablets are made of compressed powder of ingredients required to treat the diseases. On the other hand, the liquid extracted from ingredients is added to the pills.
  5. The shape of tablets is generally cylindrical or elliptical; they are more extensive than pills. On the other hand, pills are always round.

Conclusion

In ancient times, medicine was provided to people in the form of liquid or powder. The medication referred to herbal concoctions, and even now, some of the drugs are taken in this form.

Pills and tablets are the results of enhanced science, where it became possible to extract necessary active substances from natural sources and mix them to prepare various forms of medicine. Hence, it hasn’t been long since tablets and pills were invented.

The blueprints of pills were found in Egypt, and it said that Egyptians were the ones who came up with the concept of tablets and pills. But now both of them have become bliss for millions of people, whoever it was.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.201504122
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10810730150501413
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Editorial Staff at Ask Any Difference is a team of experts in the field of "Difference Between" topics and led by Sandeep Bhandari, Piyush Yadav and Chara Yadav. Trusted by over 1.5 million readers worldwide
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