Difference Between Urine and Filtrate (With Table)

The main function of the kidneys is to filter out unwanted substances and thereby remove them from the body. This is a natural process that ensures that a person remains healthy. Urine and filtrate are two liquids that are formed during this process. Even though both are related to one another, there are some key differences between them.

Urine vs Filtrate

The difference between urine and filtrate is that urine is the nitrogenous liquid created at the end of the nephron in the kidneys and is removed from the body through the process of urination. On the other hand, filtrate is the liquid in the kidneys that is filtered out from the blood when urine is being formed.

Urine is a liquid form of waste that is produced in the kidneys. It is created when blood is cleaned out and is then removed from the body through urination. The composition of the liquid includes water and other dissolved waste products. It flows from the kidney, uterus, urinary bladder and then finally through the urethra.

Filtrate is a liquid created in the kidneys when urine is being formed. It is composed of water, glucose, urea, uric acid, creatinine, and various other ions. The process of its formation is termed filtration. This takes place only in the glomerulus which is present in the Bowman’s capsule.

Comparison Table Between Urine and Filtrate

Parameters of ComparisonUrineFiltrate
DefinitionUrine is a nitrogenous liquid that is excreted from the body as a waste product.Filtrate is a liquid in the kidneys that is produced when urine is being formed.
LocationUrine is formed at the end of the nephron in the kidneys.Filtrate is formed only in the glomerulus inside the Bowman’s capsule.
CompositionUrine is composed of water, creatinine, sodium, potassium, chloride, and other tiny organic molecules.Filtrate is composed of water, glucose, urea, uric acid, creatinine, and various other ions.
FormationUrine is formed after the processes of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion.Filtrate is formed during the first step of the process of urine formation.
ImportanceUrine gives information about underlying diseases in the body.Filtrate only gives information about the overall health of the kidneys.

What is Urine?

Urine is a liquid produced in the kidneys that is excreted from the body through the process of urination. It is a waste product that goes through filtration, reabsorption, and secretion while flowing from the kidney, uterus, urinary bladder and then finally through the urethra. Nephrons in the kidneys filter blood from which this waste material is separated. This material consists of water, creatinine, sodium, potassium, chloride, and other tiny organic molecules.

Under normal conditions, a body produces approximately 1.5 to 1.8 litres of urine on a daily basis. The liquid is used by medical professionals who perform various tests on it for diagnosing various diseases that can affect the entire body. For example, the levels of hydration of a body are checked by assessing the colour of urine produced.

Moreover, even the kind of diet a person takes can be found out by testing urine ph. The odour of the liquid can be used to detect the age of urine. It also checks for glucose and ketones which further determine whether a person is suffering from a urinary tract infection. Some problems that affect the process of urination include kidney failure, enlarged prostate, bladder control problems and blockage of the bladder.

What is Filtrate?

Filtrate is a liquid that is produced during the first stage of urine formation. The rate at which it is produced is used by doctors to check whether the kidneys are healthy or not. The liquid is created in the glomerulus present in the Bowman’s capsule. This happens when the heart produces hydrostatic pressure to push water and solute through a membrane.

The process of filtration is passive due to the fact that the filtrate fluid does not use any cellular energy. A healthy kidney is expected to produce approximately 180 litres of filtrate in men and 150 litres in women on a daily basis. Almost 99% of filtrate then goes through the process of reabsorption to form urine. This makes filtrate an important liquid involved in the process of urination.

Filtrate is composed of water, glucose, urea, uric acid, creatinine, and various other ions. The rate at which these substances are filtered or separated from the blood is known as the glomerular filtration rate. It is normal for this rate to fluctuate throughout the day as the body performs different activities. When a person is affected by a kidney disease, the glomerular filtration rate changes. Thus, medical professionals can check for kidney problems by assessing this.

Main Differences Between Urine and Filtrate

  1. Urine is the nitrogenous liquid that is excreted from the body as a waste product whereas filtrate is a liquid that is produced while the formation of urine takes place.
  2. Urine is formed at the end of the nephron in the kidneys whereas filtrate is formed only in the glomerulus inside the Bowman’s capsule.
  3. Urine is composed of water, creatinine, sodium, potassium, chloride, and other tiny organic molecules whereas filtrate is composed of water, glucose, urea, uric acid, creatinine, and various other ions.
  4. Urine is formed after the processes of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion whereas filtrate is formed during the first step of the process of urine formation.
  5. Urine gives information about underlying diseases in the body whereas filtrate only informs about the health of the kidneys.

Conclusion

Urine and filtrate are two liquids that are formed in the kidneys and are both important for the process of excretion. The major difference between them is that urine is the waste liquid that is excreted by the body whereas filtrate is the liquid that assists in the formation of urine.

While urine is the end product of all excretory processes, filtrate is involved only in the first stage of urine production. Another difference between the two is that urine can be used to detect diseases in the entire body whereas filtrate only helps in detecting diseases that affect the kidney.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.3181/00379727-36-9255p
  2. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2015/ew/c5ew00009b
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