Every human being is constructed with muscles. Muscles are soft tissues that consist of actin and myosin. They both constructively help create and change the shape and length of muscle cells.
- Voluntary muscles are consciously controlled, primarily used for locomotion and manipulation; involuntary muscles function without conscious effort, regulating internal processes.
- Skeletal muscles are the primary type of voluntary muscles, while involuntary muscles include smooth and cardiac muscles.
- Under a microscope, voluntary muscles exhibit a striated appearance, while involuntary muscles have a smoother, non-striated appearance.
Voluntary Muscle vs. Involuntary Muscle
We consciously control voluntary muscles to perform movements, such as walking, running, and lifting objects. They are attached to bones and are under the control of the central nervous system. The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary muscles and differs from voluntary muscles.
Voluntary muscles present in the body can have flexible movement on the person’s free will. At the same time, involuntary muscles are present in the body and cannot be controlled.
|Parameter of Comparison||Voluntary Muscle||Involuntary Muscle|
|Control||It is controlled by the central nervous system||The autonomic nervous system controls it|
|Contraction||The contractions are rapid and powerful||The contractions are slow and rhythmic, always|
|Energy||The requirement for energy is high||The requirement for energy is less|
|Cell||The cells are multinucleated||The cells are uninucleated|
|Shape||They are long and cylindrical||They are small, thin, and spindle|
|Nucleus||The nucleus is present in the outer walls of the cell||It is present in the center of the cell|
|Work||It works under the command||It does not work under the control|
|Rest Period||It requires rest at regular intervals||It works continuously|
|Sarcolemma||Sarcolemma present is thick||Sarcolemma present is thin|
|Present in||It is present in the tongue, diaphragm and found attached to bones||It is present in alimentary tracts, respiratory tracts, blood vessels, etc.|
|Involvement||It is required in the movement of body parts||It is required in internal organ movement|
What is Voluntary Muscle?
Voluntary muscles are muscles on the body that can perform flexible movements on the person’s free will, and they are always attached to the skeleton system.
The sarcolemma is thick, connecting the muscle fiber to the connective tissue. Voluntary muscle plays a vital role in body movement. Contracting and relaxing the muscles.
What is Involuntary Muscle?
Involuntary muscles are muscles in the body that cannot be controlled; they are linked with the organs in the body that make slow and rhythmic continuous contraction and relaxation movements.
Unlike the voluntary muscles, the involuntary muscles are also known as visceral muscles as they are located in the walls of the internal organs such as the urinary bladders, uterus, alimentary canal, etc. They are thin, long, and spindle-shaped.
Main Difference Between Voluntary Muscle and Involuntary Muscle
- The voluntary muscle requires rest at regular intervals as they are fatigued after some time. The involuntary muscles can work continuously without any rest.
- The sarcolemma in the voluntary muscles is thick, whereas the sarcolemma in the involuntary muscle is thin.
I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️
Piyush Yadav has spent the past 25 years working as a physicist in the local community. He is a physicist passionate about making science more accessible to our readers. He holds a BSc in Natural Sciences and Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental Science. You can read more about him on his bio page.