Differences Between AK 47 and AK 56 (With Table)

Rifles are a type of gun that has a long barrel and is designed for shooting. Rifles are to be handled with both hands, and sometimes it is put upon the shoulder via gunstock for shooting. Gunstock gives it stability. It is used in self-defence, warfare, hunting, sports, etc. Rifles have a trigger point, and it is very easy to use. It consists of helical grooves called rifling, which makes it distinct from a normal gun. AK 47 and AK 56 are the two types of rifles that are used in warfare.

AK 47 vs AK 56

The difference between AK 47 and AK 56 is that AK 47 was designed by Russia. While AK 56 is a Chinese Copy of AK 47 made in China. AK 47 was manufactured in the year 1947, and AK 56 was manufactured in 1956. AK 56 is more lightweight than AK 47. AK 47 can be used in every situation, and it is soldier friendly. AK 56 has an enclosed front sight which is hooded. Whereas AK 47 has a partially enclosed front sight.

AK 47 also called as Avtomat Kalashnikova or Kalashnikova or simply AK. It is a gas-operated assault rifle which means that its magazine is detachable, and at one go, it can fire 30 rounds. It was developed in the Soviet Union by a person named Mikhail Kalashnikova. After so many years since its manufacturing, it is still the most popular rifle in the world. The number 47 represents that it was inducted for official trials in 1947. It is very reliable and used widely because it can be used in any of the harsh conditions.

AK 56, also called Type 56, and it an assault rifle. It is a variant of AK 47, which is made by the Soviet Union. AK 56 is a Chinese rifle that is 7.62*39mm long. Its production was started in the year 1956, and later it was handed to the company Norinco and Poly Tech, and they continued to manufacture and export it to different countries. In the Cold War era, AK 56 was exported to many countries where guerilla warfare was taking place. It has been used in many warlike the Sino-Vietnamese war, Yugoslav war, Croatian war etc.

Comparison Table Between AK 47 and AK 56

Parameters of Comparison AK 47Ak 56
Place of OriginSoviet UnionChina
No builtMore than 75 million.10 Crore +
VariantsAKS 47, AKSN, AKM, RPN, Type 56 etc.Type 56, Type 56-1, Type 56-2
Firing range350 m300-400 m
Rate of FireIt has a different rate of fire like Cyclic, combat, semi-auto and bursts. 650 rounds/min

What is AK 47?

The model for AK 47 was first developed in 1943 when Soviet Union forces were highly impressed by Germany Sturmgewehr 44 rifle during the second world war. they soon began to develop semi-automatic rifles. AK 47 soon replaced SKS in Soviet Service during 1949. Designer Mikhail Kalashnikova began to develop it as he was a soldier in the year 1941. AK 47 was a hybrid of all the previous rifle technology.

It is a gas-operated assault rifle that gave its service in Soviet Army from 1949 to 1974. After almost seven decades of its manufacturing, it is still popular and widely used in all the other countries. Ak 47 is used because it can be used in any of the harsh conditions, has a very low cost of production, easy to use and is available in every geographical area. It is manufactured in almost every country and used in armed forces, insurgencies as well as in irregular forces.

The design of the AK 47 is very simple, fully automatic, reliable, cheaply and manufactured quickly. It was manufactured in bulk during the 1940s. It consists of a long-stroke gas system that can be used in any kind of adverse situation. AK 47 has a velocity of 715 m/s when it fires. Its penetration is excellent as it can go through walls, metal body etc. it has a detachable magazine which comes with a standard capacity of 30 rounds. But it also has 10, 20, 40 round box magazines and 75 round drum magazines.

What is AK 56?

Production of AK 56 was started in the year 1956 at State Factory 66, but later it was handed to Norinco and Poly Tech, who continues to manufacture it. It is exported widely in many countries. It has been used in many battlefields like in South-East Asia, Africa, Middle-East etc. It was made in the same lines as AK 47 was manufactured. AK 56 can also be called one of the variants of AK 47. It has been used in many wars like in Cold War, Croatian Wars, Yugoslav Wars etc.

In the USA and UK, AK 56 is mostly used in television shows and film sets as it resembles AK 47 closely. In America, AK 56 is also available for civilian ownership. AK 56 has three variants like Type 56, Type 56-1, Type 56-2. In the year 1980s, Sri Lanka replaced its British SLRs with AK 56. In People Liberation Army, AK 56 is replaced by Type 95, 81 and O3 in front services. It is still a part of reserved and militia units. Type 56 consists of a milled receiver, and it is distinctive concerning AK 47. It has a fully enclosed front side which is hooded.

Since the year 1956, it is still produced and exported. Even the Taliban and the terrorist groups have these rifles. It is slightly lighter in weight with AK 47. IT weighs 3.8 to 4 kgs. It can fire 650 rounds in a minute. Its firing range is between 300-400 meters. It also has 20, 30, 40 detachable box magazines. It has adjustable iron sight. Till now, almost 10 crores + units have been made of AK 56. Its users range from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Somalia etc.

Main Differences Between AK 47 and AK 56

  1. AK 47 was built by the Soviet Union after the second world war by Russian designer Mikhail Kalashnikova. AK 56 was a copy of AK 47 built by China.
  2. More than 75 million units have been made up of AK 47. More than 10 crore units have been made up of AK 56.
  3. AK 47 has different variants like AKS 47, AKSN, AKM, RPN, Type 56 etc. AK 56 has three variants like Type 56, Type 56-1, Type 56-2.
  4. AK 47 has a firing range of 350 meters. AK 56 has a firing range between 300-400 meters.
  5. AK 47 has a different rate of fire like Cyclic, which can fire 600 rounds/min, Combat, Semi-Auto(40 rds/min) and bursts(100 rds/min). AK 56 can fire 650 rounds per minute.

Conclusion

Both AK 47 and AK 56 are gas-operated assault rifles. They both are automatic and has detachable magazines. Both use 7.62*39 mm cartridges, and their standard magazines can hold up to 30 bullets at a time. Both the rifles have a rotating bolt firing action. If we talk about the range, then approximately both have a firing range of a maximum of 400 metres. There is a very less visible difference between the two rifles. Finding original AK 47 is difficult in today’s time. While AK 56 has been produced in bulk since the 1980s by China.

References

  1. https://frwiki.info/en/Kalashnikovs-6644680626
  2. https://ditsong.org.za/category/blog/page/4/
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