Chinese vs Vietnamese: Difference and Comparison

Despite undeniable similarities between Chinese and Vietnamese, there are various essential differences between Vietnamese and Chinese people worldwide. 

Key Takeaways

  1. Chinese refers to things related to China, such as the country’s people, language, culture, cuisine, and traditions.
  2. Vietnamese refers to things related to Vietnam, such as the country’s people, language, culture, cuisine, and traditions.
  3. Chinese and Vietnamese describe the people, culture, and other aspects of their respective countries, but Chinese is associated with China, while Vietnamese is associated with Vietnam.

Chinese vs Vietnamese

The difference between Chinese and Vietnamese is that Chinese are centred around family, individualistic, and more male-oriented. In contrast, Vietnamese are centred around family and country and are collectivistic and more female-oriented culture. 

Chinese vs Vietnamese

On the one hand, Chinese people live in China or Taiwan. They are highly individualistic and give a lot of reference to the family.

On the other hand, Vietnamese are people who are inhabitants of Vietnam. They love their country just as they love their family. 


Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonChineseVietnamese
Place of originThe Chinese people are those who live in China or TaiwanVietnamese are people who are inhabitants of Vietnam.
CultureIndividualistic in nature while giving a lot of preference to familyCollectivistic in nature and gives the same preference to family and country.
Gender orientedChinese culture is Male orientedVietnamese culture is female-oriented
LanguageThe language used by Chinese people is Highly complex and has various dialects.The Vietnamese people use their sole national and primary language, Vietnamese.
GeographicallyChina is geographically vast, and Chinese people are present across the globe due to a higher population.Vietnam is a small country whose people are absent worldwide due to its low population.


Who are Chinese?

About five thousand years of history and civilization that was growing, and with many wars and unhappiness, when China emerged. The people who live in China or Taiwan are known as Chinese people.

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The people of China are highly influenced by their family, work motivation, sense of justice and Confucian tradition. Though they believe in individualism, Family is essential for every Chinese. 

The belief is that parents care for them, so they should look after them when they are old. They prefer living with their parents and grandparents because they want to look after them. 

In terms of language, Chinese is a complex language in terms of its pronunciation and notations. Along with it, there are many dialects due to its geographical vastness. Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese and Min are some of the most popular Chinese languages.

In China, there are fewer women than men. According to Confucian traditions, in the past, a woman’s status was not equal to a man, but the rule of communist rule and one child policy increased the status of women. 

Historically, China’s literacy is continuous, resulting in people being efficient in reading and writing historical books. This creates a sense of belonging and a desire to live on with the tradition. 


Who are Vietnamese?

Vietnamese is the term used to describe the native inhabitants of Vietnam.

Vietnamese culture is more inclined towards leadership in terms of the country. They are more collectivistic and give the same preference to family and the country.    

The leaders of Vietnam got support from their people through influence, resistance, hardiness, authority, respect for the people and country and concerns over the needs of people are different from those in the west. 

The people of Vietnam speak their national language, known as Vietnamese.

Moreover, Vietnam historically was under the control of China and France and was also in contact with Hindu and Cambodian cultures. This has resulted in Vietnam being more open-minded towards foreign cultures.

Also, Vietnamese culture is strongly tied to family and country. Vietnam’s cultural expression is modest, small, and close to everyday life, depicting simplicity, frugality, diligence, and humility.

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Despite the influence of Confucianism in Vietnam, matriarchy is present in it. In most cases, the mother is the head of the family and is in charge. 

As Vietnam is geographically small, they have developed a different cooking style. Certain styles and dishes are similar to China, such as pho, but meat and vegetables found in dishes in Vietnam are not found in China.

For Vietnam, the language went through several changes in history. The modern-day Vietnamese can only learn their history through the government and what historians choose to write in textbooks, as they have no other ways to confirm it.


Main Differences Between Chinese and Vietnamese

  1. The Chinese people live in China or Taiwan, whereas the Vietnamese are inhabitants of Vietnam.
  2. The culture of China is Individualistic while giving a lot of family preference.  On the other hand, Vietnam is Collectivistic in nature and gives the same preference to family and country.
  3. Also, China is a more male-oriented country, and Vietnam is a more female-oriented country.
  4. The language used by Chinese people is Highly complex and has various dialects. On the other hand, The Vietnamese people use their sole national and primary language known as Vietnamese.
  5. China is geographically vast, and Chinese people are present across the globe, whereas Vietnam is a small country, and its people are not present all over the world.
Difference Between Chinese and Vietnamese


Last Updated : 14 October, 2023

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23 thoughts on “Chinese vs Vietnamese: Difference and Comparison”

  1. This article presents a thought-provoking comparison, highlighting the diverse cultural elements of both Chinese and Vietnamese societies.

  2. The detailed comparison of Chinese and Vietnamese cultures sheds light on their unique attributes. It’s crucial to recognize and celebrate cultural diversity.

  3. It’s fascinating to learn about the cultural nuances between these two societies. This article highlights the importance of intercultural competence.

  4. I’m not entirely convinced that the cultural differences are as significant as described in the article. It’s worth considering other perspectives on this matter.

    • While the article provides valuable insights, it’s important to acknowledge that cultural generalizations may not apply universally.

    • I understand your point, Jessica24. It’s essential to approach cultural comparisons with a critical mindset.

  5. The insightful comparison between Chinese and Vietnamese cultures in this article offers a comprehensive understanding of their distinct societal values and traditions.

    • I couldn’t agree more. This article underscores the significance of embracing cultural diversity for fostering inclusive societies.

  6. This is a very interesting and informative comparison between Chinese and Vietnamese cultures. It’s important to understand the differences and similarities between these two rich cultures.

    • I completely agree with you, Dylan59. It’s fascinating to learn about how these cultures have evolved over time.

  7. The in-depth analysis provided in the article offers valuable insights into the complexities of Chinese and Vietnamese cultures.

  8. While the article provides valuable insights, it’s worth acknowledging the limitations of cultural generalizations. Cultural dynamics are multifaceted and may vary within each society.

    • I couldn’t agree more, Carole12. Cultural comparisons should be approached with caution and contextual understanding.

  9. I find this comparison to be quite enlightening. It’s important to appreciate and respect the unique aspects of each culture.


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