Despite undeniable similarities between Chinese and Vietnamese, there are various essential differences between Vietnamese and Chinese people around the world.
Chinese vs Vietnamese
The main difference between Chinese and Vietnamese is that Chinese are centered around family, are individualistic and more male-oriented whereas Vietnamese are centered around family and country, are collectivistic and more female-oriented culture.
On one hand, Chinese people are those who live in China or Taiwan. They are highly individualistic and give a lot of reference to family.
On the other hand, Vietnamese are people who are inhabitants of Vietnam. They love their country just as they love their family.
Comparison Table Between Chinese and Vietnamese (in Tabular Form)
|Parameter of Comparison||Chinese||Vietnamese|
|Place of origin||The Chinese people are those who live in China or Taiwan||Vietnamese are people who are inhabitants of Vietnam.|
|Culture||Individualistic in nature while giving a lot of preference to family||Collectivistic in nature and gives the same preference to family and country.|
|Gender oriented||Chinese culture is Male oriented||Vietnamese culture is female oriented|
|Language||The language used by Chinese people is Highly complex and have various dialects||The Vietnamese people use their sole national and main language known as Vietnamese.|
|Geographically||China is geographically vast and Chinese people are present across the globe due to higher population||Vietnam is a small country and its people are not present all over the world due to low population.|
Who are Chinese?
About five thousand years of history and a civilization that was growing and with many wars and unhappiness, was when China emerged. The people who live in China or Taiwan are known as Chinese people.
The people of China are highly influenced by their family, work motivation, sense of justice and Confucian tradition. Though they believe in individualism, Family is very important for every Chinese.
The belief that parents take care of them, so they should look after them when they are old. They prefer living with their parents and grandparents because they would like to look after them.
In terms of language, Chinese is a complex language in terms of its pronunciation and notations. Along with it, there are many dialects due to its geographical vastness. Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese and Min are some of the most popular Chinese languages.
In China, there are fewer women than men. According to Confucian traditions, in the past woman status was not equal to a man but the rule of communist rule and one child policy has increased the status of women.
Historically, China’s literacy is continuous which has resulted in people being efficient in reading and writing historical books. This creates a sense of belonging and desire to live on with tradition.
Who are Vietnamese?
Vietnamese is the term used to describe the people who are native inhabitants of Vietnam.
Vietnamese culture is more inclined towards leadership in terms of the country. They are more collectivistic in nature and give the same preference to family and the country.
The leaders of Vietnam got support from their people through influence, resistance, hardiness, authority, respect to the people and country and concerns over needs of people is different from those in west.
The people of Vietnam speak in their national language known as Vietnamese.
Moreover, Vietnam historically was under control of China and France and was also in contact with Hindu and Cambodian culture. This has resulted in Vietnam to be more open minded towards foreign culture.
Also, Vietnamese culture is strongly tied to family and country. Vietnam’s cultural expression is modest, small and close to everyday life that depicts simplicity, frugality, diligence and humility
Despite the influence of Confucianism in Vietnam, matriarchy is present in it. In most cases, the mother is the head of the family and is in charge.
As Vietnam is geographically small, they have developed their different style of cooking. Certain styles and dishes are similar to China such as pho, but meat and vegetables found in dishes of Vietnam are not found in China.
For Vietnam, the language went through several changes in history. The modern-day Vietnamese can only learn their history through the government and what historians choose to write in textbooks as they have no other ways to confirm it.
Main Differences Between Chinese and Vietnamese
- The Chinese people live in China or Taiwan whereas Vietnamese are people who are inhabitants of Vietnam.
- The culture of China is Individualistic in nature while giving a lot of preference to family. On the other hand, Vietnam is Collectivistic in nature and gives the same preference to family and country.
- Also, China is a more male- oriented country and Vietnam is a more female- oriented country.
- The language used by Chinese people is Highly complex and has various dialects. On the other hand, The Vietnamese people use their sole national and main language known as Vietnamese.
- China is geographically vast and Chinese people are present across the globe whereas Vietnam is a small country and its people are not present all over the world.
Both Chinese and Vietnamese culture are influenced and get influenced by each other in terms of food, culture, language etc.
Chinese people on one hand live in a very big country with a big population and people from speaking various dialects of the language.
On the other hand, Vietnamese are living in a very small country and speak a single language. they are very simple and ambitious people.
It is important to note that though these cultures overlapped with each other, they have similarities and differences among them. Stereotypical behavior against different cultures should be acknowledged. Every culture is distinct from each other and should be respected accordingly.
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