Difference Between Law and Policy (with Table)

Every independent nation has its own set of rules and regulations which is laid in the constitution of the country. The constitution provides several rights and laws which are essential for democracy within the nation.

Laws are listed in the constitution which are subject to amendment, the authority to enact a law is in the hands of the government, and as the government is chosen by the people of the country thus, they play indirectly an important role in enactment of any law.

Before enactment of any law, policies are made which are then subject to discussions and changes according to the demands of the situation. Every policy or law is made for welfare for the society, and every law or policy is made for every section of society. 

There are members within the parliament who are the ministers of different departments who work for Welfare of people according to their departments. For example, the Railway Minister will propose policies for the development in the sector of Railways. 

The difference between law and policy is that law is a final decision or a document made by the government after discussing the policy for the Welfare of society. The policy is an outline of governmental plans. 

Comparison Table Between Law and Policy

Parameters of Comparison LawPolicy
Type of documentFormalInformal
Control of implementationJudiciaryGovernment
Mentioned in the constitutionIt is mentionedIt is not mentioned
PurposeEquality and Justice in society.Guidance and working of government or any organisation. 
Punishment for non-adherenceSevere punishmentsNot so serious punishment

What is Law?

A law is an official rule for any country which is made by the government laid in the constitution for the Welfare of society. The basic agenda of making any law is to provide equality and justice to citizens of the country.

Law creates uniformity in society by providing equality and Justice to everyone regardless of their social status, wealth, age, caste, creed, gender, religion,etc.. Law is important for society because no society exists without disputes or conflict of ideas and law helps to provide solutions for resolving disputes or the conflict of Ideas.

Law is a rule which is applied for every citizen of the country, laws are made by the government and they are subject to amendments, whenever a new conflict of Idea arises the demand of new law rises. And if the existing law is exploited in the name of equality then the law can be amended or removed from the constitution.

Law can be implemented in every sector, for example, trade, social rights, press, the structure of government, working of government, relationships with the neighbouring countries, civil law, criminal law, etc..

Laws are administered through the Court, and the final enactment of any law is done by the Judiciary after discussions, and the working of Judiciary is not interfered by any other governmental body or organisation. 

Not adhering to the law of a country is punishable for any citizen, for which again different laws are mentioned within the constitution. 

Laws

What is Policy?

A policy is an outline of governmental plans which is made for the Welfare of society. Unlike laws, policies are not mentioned in the constitution and they are subject to changes according to the demand of the situation.

The policy is a statement made by the government Which can lead to the new law. The implementation of policies is often confined to a few sectors like trade, economy, social plans, etc..

A policy can be a guideline, rule, law, welfare program, etc.. In a democratic country whenever a plebiscite happens and a new government takes control of the country these policies are changed, and the basic agenda of the change in policies is to focus on more neglected underdeveloped sections of society.

The policy is made for achieving certain goals.policies can be a set of rules that guide any government or organisation. Every government has its policies and thus, policies are not fundamental like laws.

Whenever a new government takes control of the country they are expected to announce their policy which will give an idea to the citizens of what the government will be doing for the next few years for the development and welfare of society.

Policies are informal which can be changed by the government and does not include judiciary in changing policies. They are completely decisions of the government of what and how to make government. Policies are only documents.

Not adhering to a policy might lead to punishment but comparatively less severe punishment for not adhering to the law. 

policies

Main Differences Between Law and Policy

  1.  Law is a formal document of rule whereas policy is an informal document for the working of the government. 
  2. Law is administered through the judiciary on the other hand policy is administered by the government itself.
  3. Law is made for bringing justice and equality to society on the other hand policy is made for achieving certain goals by the government.
  4. Law is laid in the constitution on the other hand policies are informal documents of the government which are not laid in the constitution.
  5. Non-adherence law is punishable whereas non-adherence to policy does not lead to severe punishment 

Conclusion

Laws and policies both of them are important for the Welfare of society and they are interconnected with each other.

Their working is interlinked and disbalance between law and policy might lead to the failure of the welfare of society. 

Both of them are subject to change according to the demand of the situation within the country. The government can propose changes in laws to the judiciary.

They together give a holistic approach to the development of society.

References 

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=3CNDBgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=+what+is+law&ots=Fu7xDqE-ox&sig=C8WWmlczC2a0JMFDsSzxP5KmgFE
  2. https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/S0008423900007423