Difference Between Constitution and Bill Of Rights (With Table)

Both the terms constitution and bill of rights explain about that the human rights and the power given to a citizen in the country but they both are very much different from each other.

Constitution vs Bill Of Rights

The difference between the constitution and the Bill of rights is that the constitution describes the new government’s whole formation. On the other hand, the Bill of rights is part of the constitution, which guarantees our freedom like the right to bear arms and freedom to speech.

The constitution is the rights that give limited power to the local, state, or federal level government to change the law and put the restriction in a business, extend rights, and protect the public. Different types of law are written for different purposes. There is also some law which protects against the crime.

The Bill of rights is considered to be the first ten amendments to the United States constitution. These amendments act gives a guarantee to civil liberties and essential rights like rights to bear arms, right to speech, and right to the people and the states.

Comparison Table Between Constitution and Bill Of Rights

Parameter of ComparisonConstitutionBill of rights
Meaning The constitution is defined as a right that gives limited power to the state, federal, and local governments.
The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the united constitution.  This act gives a guarantee of our freedom.
FunctionIt tells how government arms follow, rules that civil officials follow, and the rules, rights, and limitations for the citizens.



It tells the right that every citizen has, and the government and other people should protect it.
PositionThe constitution is an independent documentary about different rules.The Bill of Rights comes under the constitution act.
LimitationThe constitution builds government and the whole citizenry. The Bill of rights tells about the rights of every citizen in the country.

What is Constitution?

According to the sources, a constitution is defined as a body that consists of fundamental principles and established precedents which an organization, state, or other entity knowledge to be followed. The constitution is also referred to as the body of a system or law of rules and law. The constitution builds the country’s structure and the function of the arm of the government or each arm of the land.

 In a country like the United States, the constitution set up the system of federalism, which governs the relations between the states and the federal government. The constitution also gives the central government powers and sets out the difference between the state government and central government. The constitution set up the federal government as the supreme power over the country, and it also put the state government in a country with a government system, respectively. 

 If the constitution is not there, then the country will become ruleless. There would not be any rule of law, and not a single person will ask what have to be done and whatnot. Some functions of the constitution are providing for the common defense, provision of scope for good governance, establishing justice, establishing a perfect union, promoting the general welfare of the citizen, and ensuring domestic tranquility.

What is Bill Of Rights?

A bill of rights is defined as an assertion or formal declaration of the citizen’s legal and civil rights, which any county’s state or federal government enjoys. Bill of Rights is also called a declaration of rights or charter of rights. It is entrenched in many cases, but only in extreme needs; it can make it unentrenched, just like when the person’s normal behavior is regarded as a threat to other people.

The main purpose of the Bill of rights is to protect and uphold the rights of each citizen against infringement from the private citizen, public official, or the government. The Bill of Rights also explains to the citizens about their rights and what they observe regarding their country people as well know their rights and protect it. The rights contained in the Bill of rights are the right to privacy, right to life, right to human dignity, the freedom of speech and expression, equality and freedom from discrimination, and freedom of religion, opinion, conscience, and belief.

There are also other rights based on an application like taxpayers, academic, and veterans. If there are violations of the rights, it is protected by the constitution under the Bill of rights, which leads to the proceeding before the court of law.

Main Difference Between Constitution and Bill Of Rights

  1. Both the constitution and Bill of rights tell about the citizens’ rights and the local, state, and federal governments.
  2. The constitution is defined as a right that gives limited power to the state, federal, and local governments. On the other hand, the Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the united constitution. This act gives a guarantee to our freedom.
  3. It tells how government arms follow, rules that civil officials follow, and the rules, rights, and limitations for the citizens. On the other hand, It tells the right that every citizen has, and the government and other people should protect it.
  4. The constitution is an independent documentary about different rules. On the other hand, the Bill of rights comes under the constitution act.

Conclusion

As the primary difference between both constitution and the Bill of Rights has been told, it will help people understand their difference and perform different functions. Both constitution and the Bill of rights both tell about the rights of the government and citizens.

As the Bill of rights comes under the constitution, it tells us about the right because it often confuses people and tells them they both perform the same function. The difference has made many things and tells that both are very much different from each other.

References

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/796690
  2. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/temple66&section=22
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