Difference Between Jung and Freud (With Table)

It is to believe that both Jung and Freud have developed theories together, but they disagree with some of the matter. So we can tell that both Jung’s theories and Freud’s theories are a little bit different from each other.

Jung vs Freud

The difference between Jung and Freud’s theory is that Jung’s theory talked about two consequences: the collective and the personal. On the other hand, Freud’s theory has three psychic structure levels: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious.

Carl Jung is acknowledged as one of the influential psychiatrists to date. The name Jung has been pronounced as young, and Jungian is pronounced as a youngin.  Jung started his career as a follower of Sigmund Freud, but they have different ideas.  He was the first expert who has given analytical psychology in the field to explore the religious nature behind human psychology.

Sigmund Freud is known as the founder of the psychodynamic approach to psychology that looks at insensible drives to explain human behavior. Freud theories explain that human mind is responsible for both conscious and unconscious decision that human makes are based on psychological drives.

Comparison Table Between Jung and Freud

Parameters of Comparison Jung Freud 
Understand science Jung used to believe in religion, spiritual and cultural ideas.Freud used to be that psychology is an empirical science.
Religion and spirituality Jung has a positive impact on religion. His theories tell that religion plays a key role in individual development.Freud rejected the idea of religion and spirituality. He believes religion should be separate from the research and the psychological.
Practicing psychology Jung used to practice twice a week.Freud used to practice regularly. He sees his patient six sessions in a week.
Interaction Jung used to believe in having the face to face contact with the patient.Freud believes that patients will be more comfortable sharing emotions if they are facing away from the psychologist and lying comfortably.
Dream interpretation Jung used to believe that dreams can reflect many different aspects of human life.Freud used to believe that dreams can be a manifestation of an innermost human desire.
Conscious mind theory Jung believes that the conscious mind constructively works on our emotions.  Freud believes that the conscious mind actively crushes our emotions.
Unconscious mind theoryJung believes that our lived emotions influence the unconscious mind.Freud believes that the unconscious mind is driven by aggression and sex.

What is Jung Theory?

Jung has rejected Freud’s ideas; his theory tells that the unconscious mind is influenced by a person’s future aspiration and lived expiration. He rejected Freud’s theory by introducing the idea of collective consciousness.

Jung tells human behavior to explore the sense of link that we feel about our actions and emotion. His idea was mainly influenced by his extensive knowledge of philosophy, religion, and mythology. . According to Jang, there are four different personality thinking, judging, sensation, and introversion.

What is Freud Theory?

Freud tells about the unconscious mind and its link with our disturbing memories, primal human drives, aggression and sex, and our suppressed thoughts. Freud’s theory describes that psychological development in the child takes place by five psychological stages anal, oral, genital, phallic, and latency which is known as psychosexual stages as all stages represent the fixation of libido on every different area of the human body.

As per his theory, he says that the human psyche is divided into the ego, the superego, and the id. He further says that it links with our unconscious mind, and the ego is connected with our conscious mind. Finally, the superego mediates human behavior by balancing the impulses of the ego and the id. However, Freud is mainly known for theorizing the Oedipus complex.

Main Differences Between Jung and Freud

  1. Both Jung and Freud’s theory are concerned with the conscious and unconscious mind of a human.
  2. Jung used to believe in religion, spiritual and cultural ideas. On the other hand, Freud used to be that psychology is an empirical science.
  3. Jung has a positive impact on religion. His theories tell that religion plays a key role in individual development. On the other hand, Freud rejected the idea of religion and spirituality. He believes religion should be separate from the research and the psychological.
  4. Jung used to practice twice a week. On the other hand, Freud used to practice regularly. He sees his patient six sessions in a week.
  5. Jung used to believe in having the face to face contact with the patient. On the other hand, Freud believes that patients will be more comfortable sharing emotions if they are facing away from the psychologist and lying comfortably.
  6. Jung used to believe that dreams can reflect many different aspects of human life. On the other hand, Freud believed that dreams could be a manifestation of an innermost human desire.
  7. Both Jung and Freud theory repressed human emotion influencing behavior. 
  8. Jung believes that the conscious mind constructively works on our emotions. On the other hand, Freud believes that the conscious mind actively crushes our emotions.
  9. Jung believes that our lived emotions influence the unconscious mind. On the other hand, Freud believes that the unconscious mind is driven by aggression and sex.

Conclusion

As both Jungian theory and Freudian theory are concerned with the human conscious and unconscious mind. Both have given the theory by understanding and emotion. Carl Jung was a follower of Sigmund Freud, but they both disagree with certain ideas.

As the primary difference between both Jung and Freud has been told, it will help understand the people to understand that both theories are quite similar but are different from each other. We can tell that both are quite similar because they repressed human emotion influencing behavior.

References

  1. A secret symmetry: Sabina Spielrein between Jung and Freud
  2. The schism between Freud and Jung over Schreber: Its implications for method and doctrine
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