Difference Between A.A. and A.S. (With Table)

A.A. and A.S. are two different degrees that one can earn in college. When it comes to academic programs, there are many differences that set these two apart from each other. One of the most significant differences is in their length of study time: an undergraduate degree takes four years for completion, while a graduate degree usually takes five or six years for completion. The cost of education also varies because some schools charge per credit hour while others charge per semester hours or year hours completed.

A.A. vs A.S.

The difference between A. A. and A.S. is that A.A. is a two-year degree and an A.S. is usually three years, but it could be more depending on the program of study. Scholarships for this field are very competitive due to the low enrollment rate as well as high tuition rates that come with these degrees, along with their limited availability in many schools around the country. This makes this field both financially and academically challenging.

A.A. is more of an associate degree which is a two-year program that covers general education requirements and some courses in the major area. A.S. is more like a bachelor’s degree or four-year study, though it could be five years depending on majors areas studied at school.

A.S. is a more advanced degree that is completely focused on the major area. This means you will be taking all courses in your major and may double-major or minor to round out your education. A.S. degrees are not necessarily easier than A.A., but they usually come with lower tuition rates for students who plan to transfer their credits from the A.S. to a four-year college or university for their bachelor’s degree.

Comparison Table Between A.A. and A.S.

Parameters of Comparison
A.A. A.S.
Full formA.A. stands for Associate of Arts. A.S. stands for Associate in Science.
LengthA.A. is a two-year program.A.S. is more intensive and can be finished after four years.
Degree TypesThe Associate of Arts degree can only lead to a Bachelor’s degree.Associate of Science may also lead to various other degrees such as certificates or a Bachelor’s degree in a different field.
FieldsThe Associate of Arts is geared more towards humanitiesA.S seeks to be more vocational and practical.
ClassificationA.A may be classified as a liberal arts degree.But an Associate of Science is more focused on the sciences and mathematics.

What is A.A.?

A.A. stands for an associate of arts degree and is a two-year study program that offers students some general education as well as courses in their major area or an interest they have developed during high school. A student may choose to focus on many different areas with the Associate’s Degree but will also need to take general education classes alongside their major.

A.A. degrees are lower because they do not require as many hours of study time, and the classes offered that may transfer to a four-year college or university for their bachelor’s degree are limited.

An A.A. degree may be more affordable, depending on the school and whether or not any of their classes can transfer to a four-year university for their Bachelor’s Degree. The associate’s degree is shorter, taking two years to complete; this could allow someone who wants to go to a four-year school but doesn’t have the ability to wait for another two years to get their Associates’s Degree and then transfer.

The associate’s degree is not as respected or recognized by some employers because it does not take a four-year commitment like many bachelor’s degrees do and therefore may be looked at more negatively.

What is A.S.?

A.S. stands for Associate in Science. Many people mistakenly believe that an A.S.(Associate in Science) degree is the same as a Bachelor’s Degree because it has “associates” and “science.” High schools offer these two types of degrees, so students might be confused about what they should choose for their first college experience. However, there are important differences between these two degrees.

A Bachelor’s Degree is typically an undergraduate degree, which requires four years of schooling after high school. A Bachelor’s Degree in Science will require a student to take a series of science courses with lab components that are not included for associate-level coursework and can often be more expensive than the Associate levels classes.

An Associate’s Degree is a degree that requires two years of schooling after high school. It can be either an Associate in Science or Associate in Arts, depending on the student’s major and minor choices. An Associate’s Degree often includes classes such as General Chemistry I & II with lab components allowing students to continue their education at a four-year college.

In terms of job outlook, an Associate’s Degree is more versatile than a Bachelor’s degree in that it allows graduates to apply for jobs outside of the scientist field or at lower levels, such as assistant positions in laboratories and pharmaceutical industries.

Main Differences Between A.A. and A.S.

  1. Associate in Arts (A.A.) and Associate in Science (A.S) is that the former offers a wide array of humanities courses while the latter has a concentration on science, engineering, or mathematics.
  2. Associate in Arts (A.A) provides a wide range of liberal arts courses to equip students with skills needed for many careers, while Associate in Science (A.S.) is the natural sciences and mathematics-oriented degree that prepares them for graduate school.
  3. Associate in Arts (A.A) is not a prerequisite for graduate study, but it does provide an important background to develop skills for many careers and often leads to transfer credits at four-year colleges or universities. The associate in Science (A.S.) program offers students the opportunity of pursuing a rigorous curriculum with great flexibility within the general science disciplines.
  4. Associate in Arts (A.A) is not the same as an Associate of Science degree, which has a more natural sciences focus that would prepare them for graduate school; however, both are fully accredited degrees from JWU and will get you where you want to go. A.S degree will prepare students for a career in many areas of science, including biochemistry, microbiology, forensic sciences, and more.
  5. The Associate in Arts (A.A) program offers students the opportunity of pursuing a broad range of liberal arts courses, rather than focusing on one subject as much of the Associate of Science (A.S) program does.

Conclusion

The distinction between A. A. and A.S is that the Associate of Arts (A.A) program offers students the opportunity to pursue a broad range of liberal arts courses, whereas the Associate in Science (A.S) has more natural sciences focus which would prepare them for graduate school; however, both are fully accredited degrees from JWU. A.A. and A.S., microbiology, forensic sciences, liberal arts courses vs. natural sciences focus.

References

  1. https://search.proquest.com/openview/00b79390bdcd6bb4cb380b182bb96316/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10668926.2018.1478346
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