Difference Between AFIB and CHF (With Table)

There exist different organs in the human body. These organs conduct several roles. Different organs play different roles in the human body. A human can function properly when all the organs are in good condition and are in good health. They must be taken care of by the human beings themselves in their life. Every organ has to work properly for the proper functioning of the body, and that can be done only when a person imbibed balance in his or her life.

May it is diet or lifestyle, one must stay healthy to stay away from diseases, disorders, and any sort of illness. However, there are several disorders associated with the human heart if it doesn’t function properly or if it is not in a good state. Two of those disorders are 1. AFIB or atrial fibrillation, and 2. CHF or Congestive heart failure.

AFIB vs CHF

The difference between AFIB or atrial fibrillation and CHF or Congestive heart failure is the causes of the respective disorders. Atrial fibrillation is caused due to the occurrence of problems in the heart valves. On the other hand, congestive heart failure is caused due to a heart attack or any other disease associated with the coronary artery.

The disorder in which the atria present in the human heart lacks the rhythm or beats irregularly is known as atrial fibrillation or AFIB. It is caused due to several reasons, but mostly it is caused due to high blood pressure and problems associated with the heart valves. It can be treated and cured by medication. There are other treatment options as well.

The disorder in which the pumping of the heart is not done well and due to which the fluids in the body are amassed is known as congestive heart failure or CHF. There are several diagnoses options by which one can understand if they have CHF or not. However, ECG and/ or a chest X-ray is some of the common diagnoses options.

Comparison Table Between AFIB and CHF

Parameters of ComparisonAFIBCHF
Full formsAtrial fibrillation Congestive heart failure
Meaning/ DefinitionThe disorder in which the atria present in the human heart lacks the rhythm or it beats irregularly is known as atrial fibrillation or AFIB.The disorder in which the pumping of the heart is not done well and due to which the fluids in the body are amassed is known as congestive heart failure or CHF.
Risk factorsPeople belonging to the age group of 60 years and above are more likely to have this disorder, people with blood pressure issues, people with coronary artery disease, etc.People who have a family history of congestive heart failure, people who are diabetic, people who have coronary artery disease, etc.
What happensThe rhythm of the atria is irregular.The fluids get collected due to the improper pumping of the heart.
SymptomsShortening of breath, difficulty in doing activities like exercising, feeling light in the head, etc.Swelling is observed in the ankles, fatigue, and difficulty in breathing.

What is AFIB?

AFIB or Atrial fibrillation is a heart disorder which when it occurs, causes irregularities in the rhythm of the atrial. It is one of the most severe heart disorders, and it is most likely to be diagnosed in people who belong to the age group of sixty years or above that. It is a treatable disorder, and it can be cured if proper medications and processes are followed by the patient.

Atrial fibrillation is caused due to high blood pressure, problems associated with heart valves, coronary artery disease etc. Other than that it can also be caused due to hyperthyroidism, a condition where the thyroxine hormone from the gland present in the neck is produced in huge amount and thereby increase the metabolism of the body.

If a person is feeling difficulty in breathing, light in the head, fatigued, face difficulty in activities like exercising, feels weakness in the body or faints, then they must visit a doctor as these are some of the symptoms that are observed in a human body whenever he or she has atrial fibrillation.

However, atrial fibrillation can be treated and cured. One of the most effective treatments that are followed or prescribed by doctors is AV node ablation. In this procedure, heat is applied by using a catheter on the region that lies exactly between the heart ventricles and atria, which thereby destroys the tissue that is not functioning.

What is CHF?

CHF or congestive heart failure is a disorder related to the human heart which occurs when the heart doesn’t pump properly, resulting in the collection of fluids in the body. It is a very serious heart disorder, and it can cause some serious damage to the human heart and health in general. It can also lead to death.

People who have blood pressure issues, people who have a family history of congestive heart failure, people who have problems associated with heart valves, people who have coronary heart disease or have cardiomyopathy are more likely to get diagnosed with congestive heart failure. People who are diabetic are also more likely to get diagnosed with it.

The symptoms observed in the human body when he or she has congestive heart failure depends on the ventricle of the heart that is affected. If a person’s left ventricle of the heart is affected, then he or she can feel extremely weak and tired, can face difficulty in breathing and the cardio output is also reduced.

If a person’s right ventricle is affected, then he or she can feel fatigued, his or her ankles might get swollen, due to congested liver, one can get abdominal pain as well. However, if proper treatment and prevention are done, then one can fight this disorder. A patient can be cured by introducing some changes in his or her diet and lifestyle and by following medications. Other than that, the treatment options may vary depending on the severity of the disorder.

Main Differences Between AFIB and CHF

  1. AFIB means atrial fibrillation. On the other hand, CHF means congestive heart failure.
  2. The symptoms observed during atrial fibrillation are not dependent on which organ is affected. On the other hand, the symptoms observed during congestive heart failure are dependent on which ventricle is affected.
  3. The rhythm of the atrial is irregular during atrial fibrillation. On the other hand, during congestive heart failure, the fluid gets collected in the body due to improper pumping of the heart.
  4. One can get congestive heart failure if one has a family history of it. On the other hand, one can not get atrial fibrillation if one has a family history of it.
  5. Treatments to cure atrial fibrillation include AV node ablation. On the other hand, the treatments to cure congestive heart failure include a heart transplant if the severity is more, medications and changes in dietary schedule and lifestyle in general.

Conclusion

Both atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure can be prevented if a person eats healthy and lives a healthy lifestyle. If a person imbibes the good habits in themselves and tries to stay fit, then these disorders can be avoided.

People must understand the value of staying fit and healthy. They must try to live a healthy life by introducing healthy habits in their daily life. They should take care of their mental and physical health as much as they can and should try to stay fitter and happier as they can.

References

  1. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199205073261906
  2. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM197112232852601
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