Difference Between Aluminium and Tin (With Table)

Aluminium and tin are the two elements of the periodic table. Both of them are metals and have various properties. Based on these different physical and chemical properties, these elements are further differentiated. They have some fair use in several types of industries. They also form many alloys that additionally have their benefits.

Aluminium vs Tin

The difference between aluminium and tin is that aluminium is available in the crust of the earth in a much more tremendous amount than tin. Aluminium is also much more expensive than tin. Tin was a famous metal in the earlier days. However, now aluminium is used more than the tin.

Aluminium is a p group element with atomic number 13 and is often represented by the symbol “Al”. It is known as the most abundant metal on earth by mass and the 3rd most abundant element. Although it is not present in its metallic form in the earth’s crust, the compounds of aluminium are found all over the world.

Tin is an element of p group with atomic number 50 and is represented by the symbol “Sn”. it has a silvery grey colour and is a metal of group 14. it is a very soft metal that can be cut by a little force. It is found in the igneous form of the rocks present in earth’s crust. Tin is malleable and ductile, and it is known to be non-toxic.

Comparison Table Between Aluminum and Tin

Parameters of comparisonAluminiumTin
DefinitionAluminium is a metal with atomic number 13 and is often represented by the symbol “Al”.Tin is a metal group with atomic number 50 and is represented by the symbol “Sn”.
AbundancyIt is known as the most abundant metal on earth by mass.It is found in the earth’s crust in the amount of about 0.001%.
UsesIn industries such as aerospace, construction, utensils, electrical conductors, etc.It is used in making jewellery and in the plating of containers.
CostMore expensive than tin.Less expensive than aluminium.
ConductorBetter conductor heat and electricity than tin.Not a very good conductor.

What is Aluminum?

Aluminium is a p group element with atomic number 13 and is often represented by the symbol “Al”. It is a metal of group 13. It is known as the most abundant metal on earth by mass and the 3rd most abundant element. It is has a silvery-white colour and is a lightweight metal.

Although it is not present in its metallic form in the earth’s crust, the compounds of aluminium are found all over the world. It occurs in the igneous form of rocks, in the soil clay and upon the bauxite after it’s weathering. Bauxite is described as a mixture of hydrated aluminium oxide.

Aluminium is a soft and weak metal, and hence it is generally mixed with other metals with different properties to form an alloy. It has a low density and is good at resisting corrosion. Aluminium and the alloys of aluminium are used widely in various industries like aerospace, constructions, utensils, electrical conductors, etc.

Aluminium also forms different compounds that further have their own unique use in the industries—for example, aluminium fluoride (AlF3), aluminium chloride (AlCl3), etc.

What is Tin?

Tin is an element of p group with atomic number 50 and is represented by the symbol “Sn”. it has a silvery grey colour and is a metal of group 14. it is a very soft metal that can be cut by a little force. It has a very famous alloy called bronze that is formed after mixing tin with copper.

Tin is found in the igneous form of rocks present in the earth’s crust in the amount of about 0.001%, which is significantly less. Tin metal is known to be malleable, ductile and has a low melting point. Due to these properties, tin is often mixed with various other elements to form alloys. Alloys have their specific properties and use in different industries.

Tin usually has two allotropes, i.e. the white form (beta) and the grey form (alpha) container. In order to convert the grey form into the white form, it should be heated above 13.2 degrees Celcius. Some other metals such as chlorine, bromine and iodine are known to react with tin.

Tin is used in plating the things that are made of iron to prevent corrosion, the molten form of tin is used as the base for the plate-glass production. Tin is a non-toxic metal, and so it is also used to plate the food containers and utensils.
Tin also have various compounds such as stannous chloride (SnCl2), stannous oxide (SnO), etc.

Main Differences Between Aluminum and Tin

  1. Aluminium is readily available in earth’s crust and is a much greater capacity than tin.
  2. The atomic number of aluminium is 13, whereas the atomic number of tin is 50.
  3. The people are using tin for ages. In contrast, aluminium was discovered by people a lot later than tin.
  4. Tin is used for making jewellery and plating different containers, whereas aluminium is used in the aerospace and construction industries.
  5. Aluminium is much more expensive than tin, but still, aluminium is used more than tin these days.
  6. Aluminium is considered to be a better conductor of heat and electricity as compared to the tin.

Conclusion

Aluminium and Tin are the elements of p group and are metals. They can be further differentiated based on their physical and chemical properties, the forms of their existence, appearance, uses and many more different aspects.
Aluminium is a group 13 metal and is silvery-white in colour, and it is represented by the symbol “Al”. at the same time.

Tin is a group 14 metal and is silvery grey in colour. It is represented by the symbol “Sn”. both of these metals are found in the igneous rocks present in the earth’s crust. However, aluminium is also found in the clay of soil and upon the bauxite after it’s weathering.

Due to some specific properties of aluminium and Tin, they are mixed with various other elements to form alloys. one of the most famous alloys of Tin is bronze that is formed after mixing Tin with copper.

Aluminium is used in various industries such as aerospace, construction, utensils, electrical conductors, etc., whereas Tin is usually used in making jewellery and in the plating of containers and utensils. Tin has two allotopes, i.e. the white form and the grey form. Both of these elements form various kinds of compounds that further have different uses in industries.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040609000017697
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020169320311002