Difference Between Analysis and Synthesis (With Table)

Marketers need it to target an audience, doctors to formulate medicine, scientists to originate something, or manufacturers. Every field requires you to conduct the proper research to approve any sentence or apply any new campaign or invention.

In this research, various methods take place. The basic ones are such as the selection of the topic, choosing the process, problem creation, review of literature, developing hypothesis, data collection, making graphs, pies, charts, supportive diagrams, analysis, synthesis, proven-hypothesis, conclusion, references or bibliography. Of which, analysis and synthesis are. Both the processes are co-related.

They are confused by people. But to perform an appropriate case study, it is necessary to understand their differences and the right time to use them.

Analysis vs Synthesis

The difference Between Analysis and Synthesis is that they have different approaches. The analysis is a Micro approach, and the synthesis is a Macro.

The analysis involves disintegrating the fragments, whereas synthesis is an overview of the whole process. Analyzing is about observing and trying, incidentally, synthesizing is experimenting and applying.

Comparison Table Between Analysis and Synthesis

Parameters of ComparisonAnalysisSynthesis
DefinitionThe analysis is a method of fragmenting an intricate concept into the micro sections to acquire more comprehension from it.Synthesis is a method of collecting the micro sections and connecting them together, in conjunction, to acquire an overview of the theory.
ApproachIt is a Micro approach in research.It is a Macro approach to the research.
CorrelationWithout Synthesis, Analysis will not get justified.Without Analysis, Synthesis will not take place.
Key FeatureIt involves the studies and theories of resources available.It involves practical experiments and outcomes that are new and are freshly available.
Study ProcedureIt studies the individual parts by segregating.It entirely studies the overall concept.
ImpactIt is easy to understand and execute.It is complex to understand and execute.
DependencyThe analysis is an independent process.The synthesis process is dependent on Analysis.
Methods Applied in ResearchAn analysis is applied after the collection of data to sort it out.Synthesis is applied after the analysis is done to interpret the concept.
ProcessIt is the process of thinking, observing, and then trying.It is the process that includes applying, experimenting, and then studying the outline.
AdvantageIt provides a detailed study of specific topics.It provides an abstract study of the whole topic.
DisadvantageFocuses too much on smaller theories, results in ignoring the large ones.Focuses on wide theories, results in missing the small details.
TypesQualitative, Quantitative, Predictive, Descriptive, Prescriptive, and Diagnostic are the different types of Analysis.Sample-Based, Vector, Frequency Modulation, Granular, Wavetable, Additive, Subtractive, Physical Modelling, Spectral, and West Coast are the different types of Synthesis.

What is Analysis? 

An analysis is a method that fragments an intricate concept into the micro sections to acquire more comprehension of the theory. In the arithmetic calculation and relevant studies, it was in use even before Aristotle started. However, the elaborated conceptualization is a somewhat contemporary evolution.

It is a micro approach that focuses on detailed understanding and execution of particular topics. That is why it is a simple procedure of testing. Quantitative, Qualitative, Predictive, Descriptive, Prescriptive, and Diagnostic are the various forms of study. The analysis takes place when there is data available to process. The method leads research towards the Synthesis technique.

The procedure itself is an independent process. It involves thinking, observing, and trying several strategies.

What is Synthesis?

Synthesis is a method that collects the micro sections and connects them in conjunction to acquire an overview of the theory. The procedure is dependent on other elements. 

It is a macro approach that focuses on wider abstracting and execution of the entire procedure. Sample-Based, Vector, Frequency Modulation, Granular, Wavetable, Additive, Subtractive, Physical Modelling, Spectral, and West Coast are various forms of studying.

A Synthesis is used when there is scope for elaborating the available data further. It involves applying, experimenting and then studying the overall concept. In the results, practical experiments and outcomes are decided. It is a vast process that gives justifications to the Analysis technique.

Main Differences Between Analysis and Synthesis

  1. The analysis is a micro approach, and a synthesis is a macro approach.
  2. The method of analyzing is fragmenting an intricate concept into the micro sections to acquire more comprehension of it, whereas the method of synthesizing is of collecting the micro-sections and connecting them together in conjunction to obtain an overview of the theory.
  3. An analysis is a method of fragmentation, whereas a synthesis is the method of overview.
  4. The former focuses on the detailed study of an individual topic. Conversely, the latter concentrates on the abstract research of the whole topic.
  5. The concept of analyzing is easier than synthesizing, as it is more complicated.
  6. The analysis is an independent element. On the other hand, Synthesis is dependent on analysis.
  7. The first one mostly includes observing; on the contrary, the second one more involves practical experimenting.
  8. Analyzing focuses on specific topics while the synthesis focuses on the entire concept.


Both the methods equally matter while research is taking place. The analysis segregates the pointers and studies them individually. It is a micro approach. On the contrary, Synthesis research the overview of the whole research-topic together for overall understanding and experimenting. It is a far more vast process than analysis. It has a macro approach.

The studies have proven that the two processes together can result in complete research of the topic. An analysis is an independent process, whereas Synthesis is dependent on analysis.


  1. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0266-5611/23/3/007/meta
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/smj.4250100507