Hydrolysis vs Dehydration Synthesis: Difference and Comparison

Distinctive chemical responses happen in the body consistently, and they can be gathered by the properties that they have.

Chemical responses can be arranged into various groups, as indicated by the properties of those responses. Dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis are compound responses sorted by their component.

Key Takeaways

  1. Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction that decomposes complex molecules into simpler ones by adding water molecules. In contrast, dehydration synthesis is a chemical reaction that combines simpler molecules into more complex ones by removing water molecules.
  2. Hydrolysis is common in biological systems and breaks down macromolecules like carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids. At the same time, dehydration synthesis is involved in the synthesis of complex molecules such as polysaccharides, polypeptides, and fats.
  3. Hydrolysis releases energy, whereas dehydration synthesis requires energy to occur. Therefore, hydrolysis is exergonic, while dehydration synthesis is endergonic.

Hydrolysis vs. Dehydration Synthesis

Hydrolysis is a type of reaction in which a molecule is broken down into smaller components by the addition of water. In hydrolysis, water molecules are added to the reactant, and the bonds between the components are broken. Dehydration synthesis is the opposite of hydrolysis. It is a type of reaction in which water is removed from two or more molecules to form a larger, more complex molecule.

Hydrolysis vs Dehydration Synthesis

Hydrolysis is the response wherein the substance bond is separated, and water is available. In this cycle, water becomes a reactant; the eventual outcome is the breakage of the connection between two amino acids or carbs.

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Dehydration synthesis is about a cycle where bigger particles are produced using more modest ones, and water is delivered.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonHydrolysisDehydration Synthesis
DefinitionHydrolysis is the cleavage of a compound bond within the sight of water.Dehydration synthesis is the arrangement of a giant atom with the arrival of water particles.
ReactionIt is the decomposition reaction.It is a combination reaction.
Water MoleculesIt results in a combination of water molecules.It results in the formation of water molecules.
ProductsTheir products are less complex molecules than their reactants.Their products are more giant molecules than their reactants.
ByproductsIt does not give any byproducts.Water molecules are given as byproducts.

What is Hydrolysis?

Hydrolysis is the response wherein the synthetic bond is cut, and water is available. In this interaction, water goes about as a reactant, and the end product is the breakage of the connection between two amino acids or sugars.

Hydrolysis of an ester can be utilized to act as an illustration of a hydrolysis response. In this response, liquor and carboxylic corrosive both get H and OH from the water atom and structure their individual bases.

Along these lines, a giant atom is part of more modest particles. Water assumes the role of a reactant, and this response is something contrary to a buildup response. Hydrolysis is the significant response in the body during the processing of more giant macromolecules to more modest monomers.

It is the cleavage of a compound bond within the sight of water. Here, water goes about as a reactant that is engaged with the response interaction. A massive particle is constantly separated into more modest atoms in hydrolysis responses.

hydrolysis

What is Dehydration Synthesis?

Dehydration synthesis is the interaction where bigger particles are produced using more modest ones, and water is delivered. Two more modest particles consolidate in a covalent bond arrangement, and a water atom is provided with each bond development.

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This response happens between those atoms that have a proton accessible and have a hydroxyl particle. It can likewise be known as a buildup response as water is shaped.

An illustration of a dehydration synthesis blend is the development of the ester by holding liquor and carboxylic corrosive.

Primary instances of dehydration synthesis are the development of glycosidic security, framed between two starches, and the arrangement of a peptide bond, which is shaped between two amino acids.

dehydration synthesis

Main Differences Between Hydrolysis and Dehydration Synthesis

  1. Hydrolysis products are less complex than their reactants, while dehydration synthesis products are more giant molecules than their reactants.
  2. Hydrolysis does not give any byproducts, while water molecules are given as byproducts in the case of dehydration synthesis.
References
  1. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b00377
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11244-018-1049-4

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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22 thoughts on “Hydrolysis vs Dehydration Synthesis: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The comparison table makes it easier to grasp the dissimilarities between hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis. Valuable content!

    Reply
  2. The detailed explanation of both hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis has enhanced my understanding. It’s a must-read for anyone delving into this subject.

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  3. This article provides a clear and concise overview of key concepts. Definitely a good read for anyone interested in the subject.

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  4. The main differences between hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis were highlighted exceptionally well. An intellectually stimulating article!

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  5. The detailed explanation of hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis is quite commendable. It’s presented in a very structured manner.

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  6. The section explaining ‘What is Dehydration Synthesis?’ is particularly enlightening. The details provided are very educative.

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  7. This is a great explanation to understand the difference between hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis. I really appreciate the comprehensive information.

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  8. The article presents the differences between hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis in a manner that even non-chemistry enthusiasts can comprehend. Impressive!

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