Difference Between Ottoman Empire and Roman Empire (With Table)

The Ottoman and Roman Empires were amongst the most recognized empires after the 14th Century. Although both these empires were ruled by pretty strong emperors, they still have a lot of indifference between them. Ottoman was a Turkish Empire, whereas Roman Empire originated from Rome.

Ottoman Empire vs Roman Empire

The difference between Ottoman Empire and Roman Empire is that the former lasted for almost 600 years, whereas the Roman Empire lasted for 550 years. Also, Ottoman was a Turkish Empire. On the other hand, as the name suggests, Roman Empire originated from Rome.

Ottoman Empire was a Turkish Empire whose establishment was laid down by Osman 1 in Northern Anatolia. The expansion of this Empire started majorly during the 14th and 15th Centuries. It was known as the “Age of Expansion” for Ottoman Empire. Created by Turkish Tribes, this Empire has a life span of almost 600 years. 

Roman Empire saw an establishment of more than 500 years from 27BC to 476AD after the post-republican period. The first two centuries of the Roman Empire came to be known as the period of Roman Peace. Apart from this, the Empire reached its highest peak between 98-117AD.

Comparison Table Between Ottoman Empire and Roman Empire

Parameters of ComparisonOttoman EmpireRoman Empire
Beginning of their reignThe establishment of the Ottoman Empire was laid by Osman 1 in the 13th Century.The Roman Empire saw its beginning in 27BC, much before that of the Ottoman Empire.
Existence PeriodIt existed for a duration of 600 years and saw its major expansion in the 14th and 15th Centuries.The Roman Empire existed for 550 years, from 27BC to 476AD.
Country of OriginThe Ottoman Empire was a Turkish Empire with Istanbul as its capital.Rome, the present capital of Italy, stood as the capital of the Roman Empire at that time.
Rulers chosenOnly the people with royal blood(son of the former ruler) were chosen as the emperor.The ruler was chosen by members of the local government body.
End of the Era The Ottoman Empire saw its end in 1908 with the Committee of Union and Progress establishing a constitutional monarchy.After a lot of ups and downs, the Roman Empire saw its end in 476AD.

What is Ottoman Empire?

Ottoman Empire was a Turkish Empire that lasted for 600 years. Its establishment was laid down by Osman 1 in Northern Anatolia. The expansion of this Empire started majorly during the 14th and 15th Centuries. It was known as the “Age of Expansion” for Ottoman Empire. Created by Turkish Tribes, this Empire has a life span of almost 600 years.

The Capital of the Turkish Empire was Istanbul. Ottoman Empire was always ruled by someone with royal blood (son of the former ruler). The women used to live under the protection of men during this period. Furthermore, the Empire marked its peak during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. In terms of the development of government, social and economic aspects, Suleiman led the Empire to Prosperity.

The Ottoman Empire maintained its economic and social health till the start of the 18th Century, but the military faced heavy losses against European forces till the 19th century. Despite these territorial downfalls, the Empire grew throughout the 19th century. At last, the Ottoman Empire was turned into a monarchy by the Committee of Union and Progress in 1908.

What is Roman Empire?

Roman Empire saw an establishment of more than 500 years from 27BC to 476AD after the post-republican period. The first two centuries of the Roman Empire came to be known as the period of Roman Peace. Apart from this, the Empire reached its highest peak between 98-117AD. Rome now stands as the capital of Italy.

There wasn’t any specific protocol like the ruler of the Roman Empire must belong from the background of its former ruler. The ruler was elected by the local government body and was known as Caeser. Augustus was the first ruler of the Roman Empire between 27BC-AD14. People in Roman Empire worshipped gods, namely Apollo, Mars, Pluto, Neptune, etc.

The Roman Empire had a lack of firearms as it wasn’t available 2000 years ago. When it comes down to the life of women under the Roman Empire, they were all directed by fathers or husbands. During the reign of the Roman Empire, the vestal virgins were somewhat free from these restrictions. The slaves were given no rights and mistreated or sometimes even murdered by their masters.

Main Differences Between Ottoman Empire and Roman Empire

  1. The establishment of the Ottoman Empire was laid by Osman 1 in the 13th Century. On the other hand, The Roman Empire saw its beginning in 27BC, much before that of the Ottoman Empire.
  2. Ottoman Empire existed for a duration of 600 years and saw its major expansion in the 14th and 15th Century, whereas The Roman Empire existed for 550 years from 27BC to 476AD.
  3. The Ottoman Empire was a Turkish Empire with Istanbul as its capital. Rome, the present capital of Italy, stood as the capital of the Roman Empire at that time.
  4. Only the people with royal blood(son of the former ruler) was chosen as an emperor in the Ottoman Empire. On the other hand, The ruler of the Roman Empire was chosen by members of the local government body.
  5. The Ottoman Empire saw its end in 1908 with the Committee of Union and Progress establishing a constitutional monarchy, whereas, after a lot of ups and downs, the Roman Empire saw its end in 476AD.

Conclusion

Ottoman Empire and Roman Empire both existed during different time durations. Roman Empire saw an establishment of more than 500 years from 27BC to 476AD after the post-republican period, whereas Ottoman Empire was a Turkish Empire that lasted for 600 years. Ottoman Empire was always ruled by someone with royal blood (son of the former ruler). On the other hand, the Roman Empire was elected by the local government body and was known as Caeser. 

The expansion of the Ottoman Empire started majorly during the 14th and 15th Centuries. It was known as the “Age of Expansion” for Ottoman Empire. Talking about the Roman Empire, it witnessed the greatest heights. The Roman Empire reached its highest peak between 98-117AD.

References

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=FXxGAQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP5&dq=ottoman+empire&ots=jghXpX-WaT&sig=aE7mqjiZDevMMPU3lsi9XFtnSp8&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=ottoman%20empire&f=false
  2. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=otFUAAAAYAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA2&dq=roman+empire+fall&ots=JDKyAdfFrr&sig=cypTQsKZy-H5hTd4_SEWzJ6CYYw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=roman%20empire%20fall&f=false
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