Difference Between Avenue and Boulevard (With Table)

Avenue and boulevard both can be seen in an urban area. These are types of roads, just like lanes, alleys. Many of us do not know the difference between the various types of roads. So this is an attempt to distinguish between avenue and boulevard.

Avenue vs Boulevard

The difference between an avenue and a boulevard is that an avenue is a straight road that is usually busy, with buildings on its sides, and a boulevard is a multi-lane road that has a median on the middle and vegetation on its sides.

Avenue is a single, straight road that has buildings on its sides. Avenue leads North to South which is opposite of street as street runs from East to West. An avenue may or may not have a median, but both pedestrians and vehicles can use it. Cars move quite fast here.

A boulevard is a wide street and thus fulfils more than one function. It has multiple lanes that are divided with the help of the median. It accommodates huge vehicles, cars and also bicycles and pedestrians. It has vegetation on its sides to provide a piece of nature in the middle of busy city life.

Comparison Table Between Avenue and Boulevard

Parameters of ComparisonAvenueBoulevard
Definition Avenue is a public road in a town or city with buildings on the sides. Usually, an avenue runs North to South.Boulevard is a wide street, with vegetation on both sides, it also has a median that splits up the lanes of traffic.
MedianAn avenue may or may not retain a median.A boulevard usually has a median.
SidesThe sides of an avenue typically have buildings.Generally, the sides of a boulevard possess long lines of trees and vegetation.
LanesIt is a straight road.It is a multi-lane road with multiple usages.
TrafficCars and other vehicles move fast on an avenue.Vehicles are supposed to drive slow on a boulevard.

What is Avenue?

Avenue is one of the most common roads in an urban area. It is a straight road with buildings on one or both side. Traffic is not common here, so vehicles run fast here. An Avenue can be used by both pedestrians and vehicles, but usually, it does not have a median.

An avenue runs oppositely to a street. A street runs East to West, and an avenue runs, on the contrary, North to South. Avenue des Champs-Élysées of Paris, Fifth Avenue and Madison Avenue of Manhattan, and La Brea Avenue of Los Angeles are few instances of famous avenues.

Evidence of avenues can be seen from the 17th century. In the late 18th century, England adapted new landscaping for its roads, and thus this aesthetic form of the road came into fashion and replaced the old design of roads. Avenues are at times double rowed on the sides of a road. Sometimes tall trees can be seen on the side of avenues.

What is Boulevard?

Boulevard is a typical multi-lane road, which can be seen in urban areas. It is a broad and wide street with multiple lanes. These lanes are split up with median. Vehicles, as well as pedestrians, can use these lanes as it contains walkways. According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, the trace of the earliest boulevards can be seen in the ancient Middle East, precisely, at Antioch.

A boulevard commonly has vegetation in its one or both sides. This successfully makes a boulevard visually delightful and bestowed a graphical look upon it. It restores a piece of green nature in the middle of the concrete jungle and offers peace to the eyes.

It is a multi-purpose street, it has several functions, it accommodates both vehicles and pedestrians, it controls the movement of traffic accordingly and also holds a green space in the urban city. This wide avenue is usually divided with a median. Vehicles move slowly on a boulevard. A separate place for bicycle and pedestrian is the distinction of a boulevard.

Main Differences Between Avenue and Boulevard

  1. These two paths are common in an urban area. A public road in a town or city is known as an avenue. Generally, it has buildings on the sides. An avenue runs North to South, which is opposite of a street that runs East to West. Boulevard, on the other hand, is a wide street that has vegetation on its sides.
  2. An avenue may or may not retain a median, but a boulevard usually has a median that splits up the lanes of traffic.
  3. The sides of an avenue typically have buildings, whereas the sides of a boulevard are illustrated with long lines of trees and vegetation. Boulevard has greenery, but an avenue does not have that charm of nature.
  4. An avenue is a straight, single road, while on the contrary, a boulevard is a multi-lane road with multiple purposes and functions.
  5. On an avenue, vehicles move fast; however, on boulevard, cars and other vehicles are supposed to drive slow with caution as vehicles of different sizes use it. It is used by pedestrians as well.


Roads are meant for directions and travels. Roads make sure vehicles, their drivers and as well as pedestrians are safe while using it. And to make sure everyone’s existence secure, everybody should follow the traffic rules. The roads are divided according to their usage and convenience. Avenue and boulevard are such two types of roads.

Avenue is a single road, and boulevard has multiple lanes for different uses, and those are divided by median. Both the roads have their usage and can be differentiated by their functions and appearance, and design. It is easy to distinguish the two based on their sides, size and shape.


  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/215088
  2. http://apps.azdot.gov/ADOTLibrary/publications/project_reports/PDF/AZ180.pdf
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