Difference Between Baking Soda and Baking Powder (With Table)

Baking Soda vs Baking Powder

The Baking Soda and Baking Powder are two terms that are being used interchangeably by people throughout the world.

Both the items are added to the baked eatables before cooking as they produce carbon dioxide and rise further.

Although baking soda contains baking powder both the items have their own set of users in the kitchen.

Baking soda is a clean form of sodium bicarbonate that is assorted with humidity and some sour food constituent. These may include honey, chocolate or buttermilk to produce carbon dioxide under oven temperature to produce quality baked items.

Baking powder contains baking soda along with other acidic and drying agents such as starch. These may either be activated by moisture or some other reagent.

The key difference between Baking Soda and Baking Powder is that baking soda can be replaced by baking powder in a recipe but the baking powder cannot be replaced by baking soda.

Since you all of learned the basic difference between Baking Soda and Baking Powder, now it is time for you to understand the points of difference and comparison of both the terms.  


Parameter of ComparisonBaking SodaBaking Powder
DefinitionThe cleanest form of sodium bicarbonate is baking soda that has few apparatuses of sour food items or components.If the Baking soda is added with some additional important components like starch and acidic and drying agents, then it becomes Baking powder.
IngredientsBaking soda just has sodium bicarbonate as its core component.It consists of 3 core dry ingredients namely; Baking soda, Corn Starch and Mono-calcium phosphate.
Alternative or SubstituteIn the case of Baking Soda, you cannot replace it with baking powder.In case of a Baking Powder, the replacement is possible. But the quantity and dosage are critically important here.
CombinationsVarious alkaline eatables like honey, chocolate or buttermilk are used to produce carbon dioxide under oven temperature to produce excellence baked items.Baking powder is used to produce recipes like cakes and muffins as it contains both acidic and basic components.
Calories and Carbohydrates per 100 gramsCalories: 0Calories: 53 grams.
Carbohydrates: 0Carbohydrates: 28 grams.

 

What is Baking Soda?

When sodium bicarbonate is altered with many acidic and basic components along with various acidic components then the resultant solution is the Baking soda.

The carbon dioxide production due to various components like buttermilk or honey or chocolates then the quality bakes food items are produced.

The reaction begins very fast and quick therefore once you have mixed all the ingredients at appropriate temperatures you need bake recopies that require baking soda fast.

Sodium Bicarbonate in its purest form is the only ingredient for Baking Soda.

In the case of Baking Soda, you cannot replace it with baking powder however the reverse is possible and can be done under proper quantities and concentrations.

Having said that the main difference between Baking Soda can be replaced by baking powder in a recipe but the baking powder cannot be replaced by baking soda.

Baking soda is popular in limy substances like sugar, coffee or buttermilk to produce carbon dioxide under oven temperature to produce quality baked items.

If you want to make a cake with baking soda, then it is not possible because it essentially lacks the acidity required to make cakes or muffins.

Baking Soda
Baking Soda
 

What is Baking Powder?

When various acidic and drying agents or substitutes are mixed with baking soda then the resultant mixture leads to Baking Powder.

These may either be simulated by humidity or some other substance. It consists of 3 main dry constituents namely;

  1. Baking soda
  2. Corn Starch
  3. Mono-calcium phosphate

Here, Baking soda acts as a base, mono-calcium phosphate is acidic in nature and corn starch acts as a drying agent.

In the case of Baking Soda, you cannot replace it with baking powder however the reverse is possible and can be done under proper quantities and concentrations.

Baking powder is used to produce instructions like cakes and muffins as there are various useful components like base and acid chemicals in it.

Having said that the main difference between Baking Soda can be replaced by baking powder in a recipe but the baking powder cannot be replaced by baking soda.

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The single-acting baking powders have the nature of getting activated via moisture and therefore all the eatables that are to be baked must be mixed with it immediately.

However, the reaction in double-acting baking powder takes some time and therefore, it is not just to mix it immediately with the eatables.

baking powder formula
baking powder formula

Main Differences Between Baking Soda and Baking Powder

Although both are the part and parcel of cooking food, there exists a lot of difference between Baking Soda and Baking Powder when it comes to temperature, heating method and cooking style.

  1. A Baking Powder encompasses baking soda along with other agents whereas a Baking Soda has other key components like various bitter and drying agents.
  2. Baking soda has sodium bicarbonate whereas in Baking Powder there are 3 different ingredients having various properties.
  3. The Baking Soda, cannot be replaced with baking powder whereas the Baking powder can be replaced based on the condition that proper concentration is used.
  4. The Baking Powder is used to make cakes and muffins whereas the baking soda is communal in high pH items like sweetheart, russet or buttermilk to develop good quality baked items as a result of carbon dioxide.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Baking Soda and Baking Powder

  1. Can I use baking soda in place of baking powder?

    Yes, you can use baking soda in the place of baking powder.

    But the condition is that you have to use three times the amount of baking powder in comparison with the amount which you have or would have used for baking soda.

    So for example, for making any recipe a teaspoon of baking soda was required, so now you have to use 3 teaspoons of baking powder.

    This process is not at all easy because everything which comes in today's world comes at a good price.

  2. What is baking powder made of?

    Baking powder is a mixture that is solid in nature. It is used as a chemical leavening agent in baked goods.

    The main component of a baking soda is Sodium Bicarbonate. It also contains potassium bitartrate and corn starch.

    Baking powder is a combination of a base, an acid and a filler respectively.

  3. What happens if you don’t use baking powder?

    Baking powder is a leavening agent that is used to bake the products.

    So if baking powder is not used in the process of baking, then the dough may not rise up and the cake might not get the fluffiness which would be present if the baking powder was used.

  4. Can I use corn-starch instead of baking soda?

    Corn starch is not a leaving agent but rather is a thickening agent. It is used in the making of soups and sauces.

    So if corn starch is being used in the place of baking soda, you will have to add an additional teaspoon of lemon juice or vinegar.

  5. What was used before baking powder?

    The baking powder provides fluffiness or raises the dough in the baked goods.

    Before the baking powder, yeast was used for raising the dough in the case of cakes and waffles.

    It should always be kept in mind that using too much baking powder can give a bitter taste to the food.

  6. Is baking powder healthy?

    Baking powder is a cooking product that helps in the cooking of baked goods. The baking powder is healthy only if it is used to a certain extent.

    Serious complications can occur if overdoses of baking powder are done and can also result in allergic reactions for some persons.

  7. Can I clean with baking powder?

    Baking soda can be used as a cleaning agent directly. But if you want to clean something with the help of baking powder you need to add an additional element.

    1 or 2 teaspoons of vinegar has to be added with baking powder so as to get a cleaning agent.


 

Infographic

Baking Soda vs Baking Powder

 

Conclusion

Both the terms i.e. Baking Powder and Baking Soda are the core items of cooking baked food items in most of the households.

Both Baking powder and baking soda although sound similar but have a lot of difference when it comes to their respective chemical compositions.

Also, it is recommended by many experts to regularly replace baking soda and baking powder after every 4 months for safety reasons.

The main difference between Baking Soda can be substituted by baking powder in a procedure but vice versa is not possible as the chemical composition is quite different in both the materials.

But all in all both Baking Soda and Baking Powder methods are very important for cooking different varieties of foods and eatables.    


 

Word Cloud for Difference Between Baking Soda and Baking Powder

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Baking Soda and Baking Powder. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

Difference Between Baking Soda and Baking Powder
Word Cloud for Baking Soda and Baking Powder

 

References

  1. https://undergradsciencejournals.okstate.edu/index.php/jibi/article/view/6097
  2. https://cdn.journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2013/08002/Baking_Soda_Pica_Associated_With_Rhabdomyolysis.24.aspx