Difference Between Beer and Ale

Ale and Beer are both related to alcohol. The major difference in types of Beer always comes from the yeast used in it. There are mainly two ways to ferment this kind of drink either fermentation like an Ale or fermentation like a Larger. Ale is a family within Beer which is a kind of alcohol.


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Beer is an alcoholic drink that is made with the process of fermentation of cereal grains. Beer is divided into two types known as Ale and Larger. The Larger are mainly denoted by the term Beer.

Ale is one of the two types of Beer. These are carbonated alcoholic beverages made from fermented cereal grains. These are the top-fermented in contrast to Larger or commonly known as Beer. 

Beer vs Ale

The difference between Beer and Ale is that both have a different radius containing different kinds of drinks. Beer has two kinds of the family which are Larger and Ale. Both are made from the malting of cereal grains. There is a lot of confusion as Beer is called Ali or Large. In some concepts, mainly the Larger is denoted as Beer. 

Beer vs Ale

Beer or Larger is mainly processed at the temperature between 40°F to 45°F. These have different colour shades as well as different levels of alcohol. This kind of beer is believed to be more clear and pure. This kind of beer has a more constant taste and is very favourable to industrial production. With the property of purity and sharpness in taste, this kind of Beer is lighter. 

Ale is a kind of beer that is fermented at room temperature only. The temperature falls mainly between 60°F and 70°F. This kind of Beer is more thinker and contains more flavour. Ale is top-fermented, which also forms a thick foam at the top and are darker in colour. 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonBeerAle
Preferable temperatureCool (around 40°F to 45°F)Warm around 60°F and 70°F
Yeast Saccharomyces carisbergi Saccharomyces uvarum / Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Thickness and FlavourLessMore
Alcohol content Varies but Beer(Larger) is known for its light alcohol contentVaries but Ale are known for its roughness and more alcohol contents
Process More time consuming and better for industrial production Easy to make since is less impure
Transparency More clear and pure Darker and less pure

What is Beer?

Beer can also be denoted as Larger as done in most of the places are processed at a rather cold temperature. The yeast used in the process of Beer (larger) is Saccharomyces carisbergi and Saccharomyces uvarum, which have their origin in America. This kind of yeast is also known as Larger Yeast.

This kind of Yeast is very fragile and requires very keen observation throughout the process. Lager yeast is hard to process since small changes in the factors like temperature, amount of yeast can affect the flavour, colour, taste, etc. 

These kinds of beers are much more smooth, clear and much purer. The difference in purity comes because of the yeast. Larger yeast, unlike Ale yeast, reacts chemically with the sugar in some form.

Due to the fragile nature of the process, this kind of fermentation takes much more time than Ale. Beer (Lager) have many variations mainly based on the colour. Some of the types are Pale lager, Vienna lager and Dark Larger.

What is Ale?

Ale is a top-fermented beer that is processed at room temperature. The yeast used in the process of Ale is Saccharomyces cerevisiae which is a very common and widely used yeast. This kind of yeast is also known as Ale Yeast. 

This kind of Yeast is very easy to use as the removal process is very easy and neat to perform. The Yeast, during the process, rise above the liquid and, later, eventually after completing the process, settles down. The Ale can be removed very easily without any interference of the leftover yeast. 

Ale Yeast is a fast working which even can be completed under a time limit of one week. This kind of Yeast has a movement of upwards all the way through the fermenting Ale, which makes the process faster in comparison to other Beer (Larger).

Ale is a very popular beer for small as well as large scale production because of its easy process and less time consumption. Ale has many subdivisions in itself, some of which are Brown Ale, Pale Ale, Indian Pale Ale, Golden Ale, Scotch Ale, Mild Ale, Burton Ale, Old Ale, Belgian Ale, Cask Ale.

All these kinds of Ales have a difference in either storage time or colour or alcohol percentage or flavour or any other property making each unique in the family of Ale.

Main Differences Between Beer and Ale

  1. The most important thing is that Ale is one type of beer while Larger is another type of beer. In some concepts, the Lager family is also known as Beer.
  2. Ale is top-fermented, while on the other hand, Beer (Lager) is bottom-fermented.
  3. The temperature of fermentation is warmer for Ale, while for Beer (Lager), it is cooler and chillier.
  4. The time required to process and ferment is less in the case of Ale, around the one-week minimum, while on the other hand, Beer (Larger) takes much more time which can be around three weeks minimum.
  5. Ales were the most common kind of beer found in ancient times mainly because they were produced at a warmer temperature. On the other hand, Beer (Lager) was discovered much later during the medieval ages when it was found that Ale continued to ferment more when kept in cooler places.
  6. Ales are rougher and are less mellow, while Beers (Lager) are more mellow and smooth.
  7. Ales are more sweet, fruity and full of flavour, while Beers (Larger) are less efficient in case of flavour. But flavour in any beer can be added with extra ingredients.
Difference Between Beer and Ale


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1094/ASBCJ-49-0054
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03266.x
  3. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814606006650
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