Difference Between Blackhead and Pimple (With Table)

Blackheads and pimples are both different types of blemishes or acne. Some people may get confused between them, but they are actually quite different due to their development, appearance, and treatment techniques. They are very common in teens and adults and may have various causes like hormonal imbalance, stress, etc.

Blackhead vs Pimple

The difference between a blackhead and a pimple is that a blackhead is a dark brown or black blemish that looks like a black dot, whereas a pimple is reddish in appearance and may sometimes have a white top due to it being filled with pus.

Blackheads are hair follicles that get blocked or clogged due to dead skin cells or oils found on the skin. They are non-inflammatory and can not be filled with pus. They are most commonly found right on the surface of the skin. They are usually flat or may appear as slightly raised black dots.

On the other hand, pimples are the clogged hair follicles that get infected due to exposure to bacteria. They can very easily be inflamed and cause irritation or even pain. They tend to sometimes have a white head due to the presence of pus in the lesions. They are most commonly found underneath the surface of the skin.

Comparison Table Between Blackhead and Pimple

Parameters of ComparisonBlackheadPimple
ColorDark brown or blackRed or white
ShapeSlightly raised black dots.Usually swollen and red lesions that may be filled with pus.
DevelopmentA hair follicle becomes either clogged or plugged.A clogged pore becomes infected with bacteria.
TreatmentGentle extractions or pore strips.Over-the-counter medication like benzoyl peroxide.
PlacementOn the surface of the skinUnder the skin’s surface.
PusIt can not be filled with pus.It can have pus-filled in the lesions.
InflammationNon-inflamed.They can be inflamed.

What is Blackhead?

Blackheads are clogged hair follicles that look like black dots appearing just on the surface of the skin. The most common places for their appearance include the face, shoulders, back, and sometimes even your chest. Some people consider them a mild form of acne.

A more scientific name for a blackhead is open comedo. They are usually very tiny, so tiny that you can barely see them. But sometimes, in rare cases, they can become several millimeters in diameter, which makes them large.

The formation of blackheads occurs when a hair follicle gets clogged. Sometimes cells and oil present on the skin can collect on a follicle’s opening, which will lead to a formation of a bump. If the skin found over it opens, then it can be exposed to air which will cause it to look black, resulting in the formation of a blackhead.

Since they are found on the skin’s surface, people can gently remove them through an extraction done by an esthetician or even themselves. One of the most common ways to remove them is by using pore strips, but the results achieved through this method are temporary. Some other treatments for blackheads include salicylic acid, topical retinoids, glycolic acid, non0comedogenic moisturizer, etc.

Blackheads are considered the first stage of acne. They have the ability to further develop into a pimple they get infected by bacteria.

What is Pimple?

A pimple is also known as an acne papule. They are reddish bumps found on your skin. They may be inflamed and may also develop a pus-filled top that will be white or yellow in color. If a pimple gets filled with pus, it is known as an acne pustule. Some people know a pimple as a ‘whitehead.’

Whenever hair follicles get clogged or plugged with dead skin cells and oils, acne occurs. If this clogged pore becomes infected with bacteria, it leads to the formation of a pimple which can appear as a reddish bump that may sometimes have pus.

A lot of people tend to use home remedies when it comes to treating pimples but over-the-counter medications targeted towards acne work the best. You may even get prescription acne medications from a dermatologist. These treatments may include Benzoyl peroxide, topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, etc.

Some pimples may get inflamed and irritating. In these cases, it is recommended to never pop a pimple since it may lead to scarring, which causes long-term acne scars.

There are things you can do to prevent pimples. These include properly washing your face, using a non-comedogenic moisturizer, staying hydrated, limiting your makeup, not touching your face, limiting sun exposure, using proper sunscreen, avoiding certain trigger food like chocolate, etc.

Main Differences Between Blackhead and Pimple

  1. A blackhead tends to be either dark brown or black in color, whereas a pimple is usually red or white if it has any pus.
  2. Blackheads tend to usually lie flat but slightly raised and have a black dot-like appearance. On the other hand, pimples are swollen red lesions that appear white if they are filled with pus.
  3. A blackhead is formed when a hair follicle becomes clogged or plugged, which shows up as a black blemish, whereas a pimple is formed when a clogged pore becomes infected with bacteria.
  4. To treat a blackhead, it’s recommended to either get gentle extractions done or to do them yourself or use pore strips. A pimple can be treated with the help of acne medications that can easily be found over the counter like Benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, etc.
  5. A blackhead is placed on the surface of the skin. On the other hand, a pimple is found underneath the skin’s surface.
  6. A blackhead is never filled with pus, whereas pimples can be filled with pus.
  7. Blackheads are never inflamed. Pimples, on the other hand, can be inflamed sometimes.

Conclusion

Both blackheads and pimples are very common forms of acne found on the skin. Their appearance and development, however, are quite different.

A blackhead is like a black blemish in appearance, whereas a pimple is a reddish bump that may be inflamed. A blackhead forms when a hair follicle gets clogged. And if this clogged follicle gets infected due to exposure to bacteria, it forms a pimple.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1468-3083.2001.00357.x
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022202X15442435
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