Difference Between Cheese and Paneer (With Table)

Cheese and paneer are both milk products that form after coagulation of milk. Cheese has its own wide variety, and some cheese could even taste like paneer. However, paneer is a totally different milk product and has a different taste and texture when compared to cheese. Paneer is often compared to cottage cheese, but both of these are not the same.

Cheese vs Paneer

The difference between cheese and paneer is that cheese is made after curdling the milk using a rennet enzyme, whereas paneer is curdled using vinegar, lemon juice, yoghurt, etc. Cheese has very high fat and cholesterol content when compared to paneer. Paneer is a much healthier option compared to cheese. Cheese contains saturated fat and cholesterol, whereas paneer contains healthy fat and also milk protein.

Cheese is a milk product. It is a whole food which means it can be super unhealthy if consumed in large quantities. Cheese contains a high level of calories. Cheese is a very important ingredient in many of the foods we usually eat, like pizzas, sandwiches, cheese balls, pasta, cheesecake, cheese board. There are various types of cheese available in the market.

Paneer is also a milk product that can be easily made at home by solidifying hot milk using lactic acids. Paneer is said to be an origin from Persians and Afghans. It is consumed majorly in Asian countries like India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc. It is used in a majority of their dishes. It is a very good source of protein, especially for vegetarians.

Comparison Table Between Cheese and Paneer

Parameters of comparisonCheesePaneer
PreparationIt is coagulated with the help of rennet.It is coagulated with the help of vinegar, lemon juice, curd, etc.
HealthIt is less healthy compared to paneer.It is healthy compared to cheese.
TextureIt is soft and smooth.It is fluffy and crumbly.
TypesThere are various types of cheese.Paneer generally has no types.
Consumed inIt is consumed all over the world.It is mostly consumed in South Asian countries.

What is Cheese?

Cheese is a dairy product. It is made from the milk of cows, buffalos, goats, and sheep. Cheese is a rich source of protein, calcium, zinc, vitamin-A, fat, etc. Cheese is good for bones and teeth.

Cheese has a wide variety, such as mozzarella, cheddar, feta, cotija, hard cheese, blue cheese, Roquefort, Parmesan cheese, etc. It could be shocking to know that there are about 1800 types of cheese available around the world. Many kinds of cheese are named after the countries they have originated from.

Cheese could be freshly made and eaten. However, many kinds of cheese can even be consumed after months and years of their manufacture. Cheese generally has a mild taste and soft texture. However, hard cheese and extra flavorful cheese that have a mould and bacteria consistency in them are also available.

Countries like France, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland have the highest cheese consumption when compared to the entire world. The United States, followed by Germany and France, are countries producing the highest amount of cheese in the world.

Cheese, however, may lead to various health risks if consumed in large quantities. High fat and cholesterol in cheese can lead to cardiovascular diseases. It also has a high sodium content which could lead to high blood pressure.

What is Paneer?

Paneer is a dairy product that is produced in factories and farms. Paneer can be easily made as home as well. The process of manufacture of paneer includes boiling of milk; further acids like vinegar and lemon juice are added to it. When the pH of the milk reaches about 4.5, it starts to coagulate. Further, it is strained using a cloth so as to gather and solidify the coagulated milk.

Paneer is consumed in countries like India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Many of the dishes of north India comprise the use of paneer. Paneer is very soft and fluffy in texture; it can be easily crumbled with the help of hands. It is unsalted, which can give it a bland taste when eaten raw.

Paneer is very healthy as it contains vitamin D, calcium, essential fats, and proteins. Paneer is used in dishes like paneer tikka, paneer chilly, paneer momos, paneer butter, etc. It is basically good for health compared to cheese. It helps regulate blood sugar levels, strengthen teeth and bones, etc.

Freshly made paneer is also used to make several sweets. Paneer easily absorbs spices and seasoning mixed to it and easily gets blended with vegetables to give a soft texture to any dish. Paneer can be eaten in small quantities even by health-conscious people as it is not very high on calories.

Main Differences Between Cheese and Paneer

  1. Cheese is coagulated with the help of enzymes like rennet, whereas paneer is coagulated with the help of vinegar, lemon, or other lactic acids.
  2. Cheese is soft and smooth in texture, whereas paneer is fluffy and soft.
  3. Cheese is very high in calories, whereas paneer has a low-calorie count compared to cheese.
  4. Cheese is mostly manufactured in factories, whereas paneer can be easily made at home itself.
  5. Cheese is even consumed after months and years of its manufacture, whereas paneer is mostly consumed when fresh.
  6. Cheese does melt at room temperature or at high temperature, whereas paneer to not melt. Hence cheese can not be fried, but paneer is fried to make various types of dishes.

Conclusion

Cheese and paneer are both milk products that are consumed on a daily basis. Cheese is popular all over the world, whereas paneer is mostly consumed in Asia countries like India, Nepal, Bangladesh, etc. Cheese has various types, and each of them has a different taste and texture. Paneer is mostly of the same type and is quite healthy compared to cheese. However, both cheese and paneer must be eaten consciously as both of them contain fat.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-1-4899-7681-9.pdf
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13197-011-0247-x

x
2D vs 3D