Difference Between Water and Vinegar

Water and vinegar are two substances that are found naturally in nature. But their natural presence is not the only way humans can make use of them or even consume them.

Humans have found ways to create this naturally existing substance in laboratories thereby helping mankind with the lack of such substances artificially.

Water vs Vinegar

The main difference between water and vinegar is that while water is a simple chemical molecule in both its structure and formula, vinegar has been incorporated with the addition of acetic acid thereby creating a semi-fermented solution of alcohol. This structure is complicated and holds a great difference in the physical and chemical properties of vinegar.

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Water is the most natural and abundant substance found on the surface of the earth. It has been a necessity for humanity and for the continued existence of all beings including plants and animals on earth. Without water, there would begin a time of persistent drought and famine creating issues within communities and fights in the name of water.

Vinegar is a compound that is a mixture. Its major taste and the odor-giving ingredient is acetic acid that is also a naturally found substance in fruits such as apples, pineapples, grapes, strawberries, etc. It is extracted from such fruits to create different variations of vinegar like apple cider vinegar. There are other kinds of vinegar created like white vinegar and balsamic vinegar that have been added flavors from fruits or other acetic acid sources.

Comparison Table Between Water and Vinegar

Parameters of ComparisonWaterVinegar
PhNeutral and at 7Acidic and is between 2-3.5
Percentage Presence in NatureVery highLess in comparison
Does the Freezing Point Depend on Percentage of Composition of Elements in Each?NoYes, on the percentage presence of acetic acid
TasteTastelessSour and tangy
Surface TensionOne of the highest in liquidsLow in comparison

What is Water? 

Water is an inevitable element that helps in the continuous existence of the world.

Water covers over 2/3rd of the earth’s surface making it the dominant element among four elements of the earth.

It is tasteless and also odorless. These features are attributed to the physical and chemical nature of a water molecule structure.

The structure of a water molecule consists of two hydrogen molecules and a single oxygen molecule.

The shape formed by the combination of the three molecules is called a bent shape with oxygen in the center with a certain angle between the two hydrogens and the oxygen.

When the water in its liquid form is frozen to solid, the volume occupied by the water molecules increases.

That is, water in its solid form needs more volume than in its liquid form while considering the same quantity at a single time.

Water is one of the few liquids with great density. Freshwater has one of the greatest densities at -4°C temperature.

Water is a conductor of both heat and electricity making it both a boon and a bane at the same time.

It is called the universal solvent given that most solutes can dissolve themselves in water till the saturation point.

Just as it has a high density its surface tension is also greater than most liquids that are in use commonly?

There is a temperature at which it can exist in all three states at once. This is called the triple point of water.

The triple point of water is 273 K or 0.01°C.

What is Vinegar? 

Vinegar is an acidic compound that is a mixture of a small amount of alcohol and acid.

It is highly versatile and has many additional ingredients to form the final product of vinegar.

The most popular method of preparing vinegar is by fermentation of alcohol. The alcohol that is usually preferred for fermentation is ethanol.

The acid part of vinegar is always the same. It is always acetic acid.

The acetic acid gives vinegar an acidic pH of about 2-3.5. This at varying gradients and concentrations gives many property changes to vinegar.

Vinegar is sour and slightly tangy in taste. It has a strong odor that can become a stench to some people that flare their nostrils.

A single vinegar molecule has two carbon molecules along with two oxygen molecules and four hydrogen atoms.

The freezing point of vinegar depends on the concentration of acetic acid.

The standard concentration of acetic acid content in vinegar is 5% and this concentration has a freezing point of -2°C.

Vinegar has a lower capability to conduct heat and electricity. Vinegar tends to be cold for the most part.

It has a lower surface tension when compared to most liquids. And vinegar naturally exists in the liquid state and has no other form unless compelled by humans.

The difference in the bottles of vinegar depends on the nature of the liquid used for fermenting.

White vinegar is a classic oxidized form of distilled alcohol. This alcohol is ethanol in most cases.

Apple cider vinegar is fermented with apple crush while balsamic vinegar is made with fermenting grape crush.

Main Differences Between Water and Vinegar

  1. Water is tasteless and odorless making it difficult to differentiate it from any other similar liquids whereas vinegar has a sour punch to it along with a strong smell. 
  2. While vinegar has an acidic pH of 2-3.5 water is medium neutral and plain freshwater has a pH of 7.
  3. Water has a freezing point of 0°C which can vary at times due to freshwater or saltwater but the freezing point of vinegar changes with the concentration of acetic acid in it. 
  4. While water has a great surface tension, vinegar has very low surface tension. 
  5. Water is the only substance to exist in all three forms, that is solid, liquid and gas while vinegar exists in liquid form alone. 


Both water and vinegar prove useful to both humans and animals alike.

The use of water seems to be an infinite list that can be seen petty to attempt and list each one out individually.

Vinegar has been in use since ancient times to preserve food materials during times when the refrigerator has not been discovered.

The acidic nature of vinegar provides an easy method of regulating the pH of certain things like soil for agriculture.

There are many flavors to vinegar starting from plain white vinegar to fruity-flavored such as apple cider.

Water is the only substance that exists in all three states of matter, that is solid, liquid and gas.


  1. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/209/4455/451.abstract
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1750-3841.12434
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