Difference Between Chutney and Pickle (With Table)

Chutney and pickle both are savory, spicy, and sour or sweet in taste. They are often eaten with dishes that are bland. They help to enhance the taste of any dish. In many dishes, chutney and pickle are included as a dip or condiment. Both of these condiments can be stored and then be used on a daily basis.

Chutney vs Pickle

The difference between chutney and pickle is that chutney is prepared using vegetables and fruits blended into a smooth paste. It is also known as savory jam in the western world. Pickle is prepared using vegetables and fruits dried in sunlight. Further vinegar, oil, or salt solution is used to preserve pickles for a longer period of time.

Chutney is a smooth paste that is spicy or sweet in taste. It is generally served as a condiment with several dishes. Chutney helps to enhance the taste of any food. It can also be used as a side dip for chips. The word “chutney” has been derived from Northern Indian Urdu word, which basically means licking. 

Pickle involves large chunks of vegetables and fruits which are covered with various types of spices. A pickle can be stored for a longer period of time. Pickle can be eaten on its own or along with flatbreads, rice, tortilla, etc. A pickle generally requires more effort and time to make compared to a chutney.

Comparison Table Between Chutney and Pickle

Parameters of ComparisonChutneyPickle
PreservativeIt usually does not contains preservatives.It does contain either natural or artificial preservatives.
ConsistencyIt has a smooth consistency.It contains chunks of fruits or vegetables.
PreparationIt is usually blended manually or using an electric blender.It is sun-dried or consists of water-soaking preservatives.
OriginIt is originally from India.Every country has its own types of pickles.
Lasts forIt lasts for less time compared to a pickle.It lasts longer than chutney. It can even last for years.

What is Chutney?

Chutney is an origin from India. Chutney is a Hindi word that basically means to lick. Chutney is served as a side dish so as to enhance the food taste. It is made using vegetables and fruits along with several spices and then blends together in a cooker, saucepan, or mixer.

Chutney does not contain many calories. It is made freshly at homes or shops. Most chutney does not have any kind of preservatives in them. They are organic and healthy in taste. Chutneys depending upon their types, can be stored for 1-2 months until they go bad. They are served at room temperature and are generally stored in the refrigerator.

Chutney in ancient India was made by grinding the spices and vegetables or fruits in a big vessel. It used to be ground using a stick with the efforts from hand for a few minutes. Some very famous types of chutneys include peanut chutney, mint chutney, coriander chutney, tomato chutney, tamarind chutney, mango chutney, etc.

Chutney is served with food like samosas, bread or naan, dosha, salads, chicken, momos, etc. It is also used as a spread for sandwiches, rolls, wraps, etc. A good chutney is surely appreciated by the taste buds.

What is Pickle?

A pickle is a very famous condiment; it is available in sweet, spicy, and sour flavors. Pickle is made using vegetables and fruits. It is cut into chunks, sun-dried, and then soaked into spices so as to enhance the original flavor of the vegetable or fruit.

Pickle is known for its tangy and spicy flavor, which can make any food very yummy. Pickle is preserved using natural preserving substances like oil, vinegar, salt solution, lemon juice, etc. Cucumbers dunked in brine are a very famous type of pickle eaten in the western part of the world. Pickles are a very important part of a cheeseboard as well.

Pickles are a part of very ancient times in which food was preserved naturally so as to reduce the waste of food. A small piece of pickle is enough to trigger the taste buds. It is generally eaten with bread, chapatti, rice, chips, porridge, etc.

There are various types of pickles like mango pickle, lime pickle, carrot pickle, cucumber pickle, kimchi (traditional Korean pickle), Hungarian pickles, Kool-Aid pickles, etc. Different countries have various types of pickles which differ in taste and the technique of their making.

Main Differences Between Chutney and Pickle

  1. Chutney has a very smooth and liquid-like consistency, whereas pickle has chunks of vegetables and fruits present in it, which is coated with spices.
  2. Chutney is prepared using fresh vegetables and fruits. It is hence eaten only till a few days after its preparation. Pickles are preserved using preservatives and hence can be consumed even till a few years. It is also believed that the older the pickle, the better its taste gets.
  3. Chutney is easy to prepare compared to that of a pickle.
  4. Chutney does not contain any kind of preservatives, whereas pickles can contain both natural and artificial preservatives.
  5. Chutney is originally from India, whereas many countries have their own styles of a pickle.

Conclusion

Both chutney and pickle are available in the spicy, sweet, and tangy taste. Both these condiments help to enhance any food taste. However, they have their own texture and taste. Chutney has a thick semi-liquid consistency, whereas pickles include chunks of both fruits and vegetables.

Both these are made since ancient times, and many traditional recipes are still followed today. Food containing chutney as filling or spread includes sandwiches and wraps. Chutney is more of a natural organic taste enhancer, whereas pickles are preserved and can be consumed for a longer period of time. Overall it could be concluded that both these delicacies are very good as taste enhancers.

References

  1. https://www.ars.usda.gov/ARSUserFiles/60701000/Pickle%20Pubs/p37.pdf
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Prabhakara-Pamidighantam/publication/326300317_Chemical_composition_standardisation_and_storage_studies_on_raw_mango_chutney_powder/links/5b44aae2aca272dc385c9627/Chemical-composition-standardisation-and-storage-studies-on-raw-mango-chutney-powder.pdf
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