Difference Between Cucumber and Pickle

The watery green vegetable is commonly consumed as a salad. Pickle is made by dipping cucumber in a vinegar or brine solution, and it is left there for the natural fermentation process. Cucumbers can be grown in fields, and they are included in gourd vegetables. They are long and at ends tapered, whereas pickles are smaller in size, but they are crunchy. What we need to understand is that both are almost the same and just the difference lies in the pickles getting processed and cucumber being eaten without processing.

Cucumber vs Pickle 

The main difference between cucumber and pickle lies in their way of consumption. Cucumbers are eaten as a salad. They are consumed raw, whereas pickles are cucumbers dipped in brine or some other solution and kept for a few days. They are consumed after that. They are both low in calories, but cucumber is slightly lower.

Cucumber vs Pickle

The coolest vegetable with lots of water in it is known as a cucumber. Valuable nutrients to antioxidants plus assisting in weight loss and regular bowel movement are some advantages of having cucumber. Numerous healthy benefits and not too costly are also a boon in buying cucumbers. It also has phytonutrients that have anti-cancer benefits and is anti-inflammatory. This helps in the reduction of skin irritation and the removal of wastes from the body.

Pickles are simply pickled cucumbers. Just like other fruits and vegetables, it is also pickled, but it has got the name pickled only. The name of fruits or vegetables is not attached. These pickles are made for making cucumbers last for a longer period. They are short, firm, and crisp and do not even contain seeds.

Comparison Table Between Cucumber and Pickle

Parameters of ComparisonCucumberPickle
Fermentation ProcessCucumber is a vegetable eaten fresh in the form of salad. There’s no fermentationCucumbers when fermented are known as pickles
DurabilityThese are natural and eaten in raw form. They can’t be preserved for longThese have added preservatives to make it last longer
TasteThey have a somewhat watery tasteThey have a sour taste
SizeLong and thick-skinnedThese are short with more spines
TypesThey are consumed naturally and come in the category of slicing cucumbersPickles fall in the category of pickling cucumbers

What is Cucumber?

The green vegetable with the biological name Cucumis sativus comes in the ground vegetables. The Kingdom is Plantae, and it is in the family of Cucurbitaceae. We use it as a vegetable in our homes in the form of cooked vegetables or salads. China is tops in the production of cucumbers, with 80% growth of it in China.

The cucumber is a creeper that grows near the ground or stands with the help of some supporting frames as Creepers. It is cylindrical but elongated, and the ends are tapered. It is very watery, and there is almost 95% water in cucumbers. 

If we take 100 grams of raw cucumber, we can observe that it contains 95% water, the carbohydrate content is 4%, and one percent of protein. The amount of fat is very little. The energy provided by it is 67 kilo Joule for 16 kilocalories. It has a mild flavor like that of a melon.

 Classification of cucumber 

  • slicing
  • Pickled
  • Burpless

There are three main groups of cucumber slicing pickled birthplace. Slicing includes those which are grown and eaten fresh, and for pickling, brine and vinegar along with spices create many flavor production where gherkins are also used. Those are baby pickles, smaller in size than pickled cucumbers. Burpless is sweeter, and the skin is also thinner compared to the other cucumbers.

Benefits of cucumber 

  • A large amount of water in it promotes hydration
  • Helps in weight loss
  • Low in calorie but rich in mineral and vitamin
  • Lowers the blood sugar levels
  • Proper regulation of bowel movement

What is Pickle?

 Yes, it is that pickle that you might be thinking about, but it is a cucumber pickle if we elaborate on the term pickle here. In Canada and the US, it’s called a pickle, whereas, in Britain, the word pickle is not said. It’s gherkins there as well as in New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, and Australia also.

 It is a cucumber that has been pickled in some solution or vinegar or brine solution and left to ferment over some time. It is immersed in an acidic solution. If we dive into the history of pickled cucumber, some say that it was the workers in China building the Great Wall of China who first discovered pickled cucumber, while some say that it was originally brought from India. 

It got its name from the word ‘peel,’ which is a Dutch word, and it means brine. In some countries, just the word pickle is used. The word ‘gherkin‘ is also of Dutch origin, which is derived from the word ‘garden,’ which means cucumber.

The term pickle is a broader term referring to fruit, vegetable, or foods that are preserved in brine or any vinegar mixture. Some of them can be mango, cauliflower, watermelon, olive, onion, etc. But here, we will see mainly pickled cucumbers.

The ingredients which are needed to make pickles are the bulk food item whose pickle is to be made and acetic acid, flavoring, colorants, preservatives, stabilizer, sugar, and salt. 

Some of the types of pickle according to the spices and the ingredients used in making the pickle and also according to the types of cucumber used are

  • Gherkin
  • Kosher dill
  • Polish
  • Bread and butter 

Advantages of pickle 

  • They are rich in vitamin C
  • Anti-inflammatory effects are also found sometimes 
  • Helps indigestion 
  • Fights disease

Main Differences Between Cucumber and Pickle

  1. Cucumbers are fresh green vegetables that are consumed naturally in a raw form, whereas the pickle is preserved using a vinegar or brine solution in a natural fermentation process.
  2. The cucumber is eaten as a salad are slicing cucumber whereas pickles come under pickling cucumber
  3. There’s a higher calorie count in cucumbers as compared to pickles.            
  4. The amount of water content is incredibly high in cucumbers. On the other hand, in pickles, most of the water is dried.
  5. Juice or smoothie can be made out of cucumber whereas pickles can be eaten as it is.


Plant cucumber and eat it as a salad in the raw form or bring the best of it by dipping it in the solution and letting it go through the process of natural fermentation. There are many dishes which we can make out of cucumber within minutes.

Cucumbers are refreshing as well as a very healthy addition to our diet. Though they are low in calories but sufficiently high in vitamins and minerals. Plus, they also contain 95% water which is a requirement for a body. There are even numerous advantages related to the cucumber, from keeping our body hydrated to regulating our Bowel movement and making us lose weight. Pickles are also cucumbers. Just the difference lies in the processing. 

The difference in the size and also the Aroma and taste. From just a watery taste to a sour taste and from a bigger cucumber to a short and crispy one about the size. At last, we conclude that whether it’s cucumber or its pickle, both have their advantages and belong to the same family just carrying out different jobs.


  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1979.tb09143.x
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1976.tb00739_41_4.x
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