Acetic vs Glacial Acetic Acid: Difference and Comparison

Acetic acid and glacial acetic acid are two kinds of acids in a laboratory. These acids are used for testing various components in a laboratory by people working in a laboratory.

Key Takeaways

  1. Acetic Acid is a weak acid with a vinegar-like odor, while Glacial Acetic Acid is a colorless liquid with a pungent smell.
  2. Acetic Acid is used in the food industry and as a solvent, while Glacial Acetic Acid produces various chemicals.
  3. Acetic Acid is less concentrated and has a lower freezing point, while Glacial Acetic Acid is more concentrated and has a higher freezing point.

Acetic Acid vs Glacial Acetic Acid

Acetic Acid is a mix of acetic acid and water, and Glacial Acetic Acid is an acetic acid solution in the form of glacial ice. They differ based on their concentration level. Acetic acid solution contains high volume of water, whereas Glacial Acetic Acid has lower levels of water.

Acetic Acid vs Glacial Acetic Acid
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The acidic acid is found in plants and organisms of animals. Acetic acid occurs in a free state but sometimes in the form of esters and other compounds.

Glacial Acetic acid is a form of Acetic acid which is concentrated. This means that it is a natural acetic acid.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonAcetic AcidGlacial Acetic Acid
DescriptionAcetic is said to be a chemical acid that contains a high concentration of water level.Glacial acetic acid is a solution that is a concentrated form of acetic acid.
Water levelThere is more water in acetic acid, and it is always in a form that is diluted.Glacial acetic acid is a solution with less water and is a concentrated form.
UsesAcetic acid can be used in food materials and other eatables, causing no harm.It is not safe to use Glacial acetic acid while preparing food of its corrosive nature.
Formation of crystalsAcetic acid cannot freeze and form crystals.The glacial acid freeze and converts the acetic acid concentration into crystals at a cool temperature.
Chemical formulaThe chemical formula for Acetic acid is C2H402.The chemical formula for glacial acetic acid is CH3COOH.

What is Acetic Acid?

Acetic acid is also called ethanoic acid. This acid contains carboxylic acid, which is present in Carboxylic acid groups.

Acetic acid is a transparent acid that has a sour taste. This is used widely in making vinegar.

This acid is used in household work while cooking and washing clothes, and on the other hand, this acid is also used for making chemicals in industries by mixing with other chemicals.

The density of the acidic acid is about 1.04g/cm3. 16.5°C is the melting of the acetic acid. In early times, acetic acid was made through industries by oxidation of Ethanol and butane, but now it’s Industrially made by the carbonization of methanol.

acetic acid

What is Glacial Acetic Acid?

Glacial Acetic acid is a form of Acetic acid which is concentrated. This means that it is a natural acetic acid.

This acid can be mixed with water. This is a glacial acetic acid, which can solidify the acetic acid into crystals.

Even though we add acetic acid in goods like vinegar, etc., glacial acetic acid cannot be drunk raw due to its feature of corrosives present. Glacial acetic acid is made by pouring in a solution of stalactite of acetic acid, which is in solid form.

Main Differences Between Acetic Acid and Glacial Acetic Acid

  1. Acetic is a solution of acetic acid with a high concentration of water level. On the other hand, glacial acetic acid is a solution that is a concentrated form of acetic acid.
  2. There is more amount of water present in acetic acid. On the other hand, glacial acetic acid is a solution having less amount of water and is a concentrated form.
Difference Between Acetic Acid and Glacial Acetic Acid
References
  1. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ja01219a018
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02534777

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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