Settlements and ancient tribes likely started with pairing men and women to produce children. They, in turn, paired off with opposite-sex members and had even more kids.
Initially, in search of food, they used to roam from place to place and later at one place started staying with the introduction of agriculture.
From this ancient community, the settlements of the modern-day rose, as well as the cities we know today. Nowadays, people have the choice to live in whether city or country. In this article, the main focus is on differentiating city and country.
- Cities are densely populated urban areas with various facilities and infrastructure, while the country consists of rural areas with lower population density.
- The cost of living in cities is generally higher than in rural areas due to increased demand for resources and services.
- Cities offer more job opportunities and amenities, while the country provides a quieter, more relaxed lifestyle.
City vs Country
A city is a densely populated area with modern amenities, infrastructure, and facilities, being the centre of commerce, trade, and industry. A country is a sparsely populated area with limited resources, infrastructure, and facilities, relying mainly on agriculture and natural resources.
The city is a large and more concentrated population area. That’s why they seem to be a very crowded place.
Seems like busy shopping malls, traffic jams, swarming streets, and crowded public buses and trains that come to mind after hearing the word city.
In a rural area, the small community can be described as a country. Unlike the city, the country is quiet and calm. A lifestyle close to nature can be spent in the country. The chief advantage of the country is its natural resource abundance.
|Parameters of comparison||City||Country|
|Interpretation||It is a geographical area that is bigger than a village or town.||It is a geographical area that can be seen outside the cities and towns.|
|Cost of living||Higher cost||Lower cost|
|Employment opportunities||Several opportunities||Lack opportunities|
|Settlement||Large settlement||Small settlement|
|Life||Fast-paced||Tranquil, calm, and peaceful|
What is City?
A large town or simply a large human settlement can be described as a city.
It generally consists of a huge population and also has extensive for managing housing, land use, transportation, communication, and sanitation. It is often associated with modernity and development.
The main focus of the city is on any ruling body development. Several major cities are present in any country, and depending upon their economic situation, these cities depict their living way and culture.
The availability of employment opportunities and developed facilities are its chief advantage.
Moreover, the possibility of meeting people from distinct races, backgrounds, religions, nationalities, etc., is also there. Recreation is also one of the offers provided by them.
For instance, visiting several places like zoos, hotels, movie theatres, bars, libraries, museums, restaurants, etc.
Cities are generally overcrowded with buildings, vehicles, and people. Due to time lack, people’s lives are very busy, and they do not even think about others.
It is fast-paced life present in the city. Although many products and facilities are present in a city, the higher living cost is also there as everything is expensive.
What is Country?
The country has a lower population and small settlements. It has a picturesque landscape due to its vast farmland and geographical features like mountains, forests, rivers, valleys, and hills.
Agriculture is the chief occupation of people who lives in a country.
Pros of residing in a country are several, like one can find itself away from the bustle and hustle of the city. It is not developed in technological terms like a city, and those who want to obtain facilities face some difficulties like education.
There is no mass pollution, noise as well as traffic jams. That’s why life is tranquil, peaceful, and calm in the country.
People generally know each other because they are more kind, more open, and more willing for each other to help. In comparison to the city, the rates in terms of crime are low in-country.
Although it lacks shopping complexes offering several products, unpolluted water, food, and fresh air are freely available in the country.
That’s why a healthier lifestyle is promoted in the country. The country has limited access in terms of modernity, like developed transportation and modern medicine.
Moreover, the employment opportunities are also in the country limited. As a result, the movement of people from the country to the city takes place.
Main Differences Between City and Country
- In terms of pollution, more pollution can be seen in the city. On the contrary, since the country is less polluted, it is full of fresh water and air.
- When it comes to appearance, the city has several vehicles, buildings as well as people due to its advancements. Meanwhile, the appearance of the country consists of many hills, farmlands, forests, and greenery.
- The life of people in the city is very busy as well as they do not even think about others due to time lack. On the other hand, people in the country are more open and willing to help each other.
- A city is a good place for those who want opportunities like business or professional. In contrast, the country is preferred to those who are looking for quiet, peace, and tranquillity that fails to experience in the city.
- The city’s needs, like food, housing, and others, are quite expensive. On the flip side, own food can be grown in-country, and housing is also cheaper there.
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Piyush Yadav has spent the past 25 years working as a physicist in the local community. He is a physicist passionate about making science more accessible to our readers. He holds a BSc in Natural Sciences and Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental Science. You can read more about him on his bio page.