The planet earth is so unique for life forms to exist. It is not only at the right distance from the sun but also has liquid water, making it ideal.
The water body and the landmass together form the world we live in, creating the imaginary boundary humans have created over the years.
The imaginary boundary thus forms a division of ethnicity, colour, customs, and history. Most world wars, the tiff between countries, and incursions result from imaginary boundaries.
Divisions allow diverse cultures and religions to live in peace, as most countries are a product of religious biases. There are about 195 countries recognized by the UN and 7 continents that house these countries.
- A country is a distinct political entity with its government, borders, and sovereignty, encompassing a specific geographical area and population.
- A continent is a large, continuous landmass on Earth, divided into smaller regions that can include multiple countries.
- Both countries and continents are geographical divisions, but they differ in scale and political organization, with countries being smaller, independent units and continents being larger landmasses encompassing multiple countries.
Country vs Continent
The difference between a Country and a Continent is that a country is an individual entity completely governed by discrete rules that apply just to the inhabitants. On the other hand, a continent is a culmination of countries formed just based on the water surrounding and the tectonic plates.
|Parameter of Comparison||Country||Continent|
|Landmass||It is a smaller piece of landmass which forms a part of the continent, and often, the landmass changes with disputes and capturing of land.||These cover the larger landmass marked by the geographical locations.|
|Division\defined by||The boundary of a country is an imaginary line created through political tension or historical relevance.||A continent is a large continuous land generally identified with the water body around and, in this case, an ocean.|
|Characteristics||A country is governed or dictated by certain authority figures responsible for its future.||A continent is the culmination of countries and cannot be governed by just a few people except Australia and Antarctica.|
|Numbers||There are over countries, some are too small, as small as a city, while there are countries that are||There are 7 continents in total.|
|Nature||A country is an outcome of historic battles, faiths, or unity among the same thinking minds.||Exists independently in nature and are formed simultaneously as the earth evolves.|
What is Country?
A country is a bordered landmass sovereign in nature and restricted through an imaginary line that can be specific in some regions and uncertain in others.
The border can be natural dividers like a river, ocean, or mountain, they remain throughout history, and it’s easier to define a border through it. At the same time, the imaginary boundary can be debatable and create tension between the two parties.
The word derives from the French word ‘concrete’ meaning “spread before”, and is conveniently used to denote the political divisions created over the times and still in process.
The formation of countries results from the differences in ideology and identification of one’s narrative and historic symbology. It’s also the outcome of religious conflicts, which can assemble people.
A country can be divided and get dissolved, too, there are a total of 195 sovereign states as per the UN, and the number keeps changing. A country can be as small as 0.2 miles, the Vatican City, and as large as 6.6 million square miles, Russia.
A country can be governed through dictatorship or through the active involvement of the citizens too in choosing it.
What is Continent?
A continent is a large continuous landmass generally demarcated by naturally occurring and globally identified water body boundaries.
Though technically, a continent is identified through the rocks from which it is formed. Continents cover each landmass in the earth’s crust.
The word continent derives from the Latin word ‘Continentem’, which means “to hold together.”
Continents have evolved over the years; it is believed that all the continents were initially linked. The formation of continents is a naturally occurring process with tectonic plate shifts.
There are, in total, 7 continents, which include Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. Asia is the largest continent which is 44.58 million square kilometres.
Africa, which is confused as a country, houses the maximum number of countries compared to any continent.
A continent is not governed by a certain entity and has no sovereignty as a whole; it is not identified with religion or is formed on that basis rather it houses different thoughts, beliefs, and ethnicities sharing borders.
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Piyush Yadav has spent the past 25 years working as a physicist in the local community. He is a physicist passionate about making science more accessible to our readers. He holds a BSc in Natural Sciences and Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental Science. You can read more about him on his bio page.