Difference Between Counselling and Psychotherapy (With Table)

Although the terms “psychotherapist” and “counsellor” are sometimes used interchangeably. They have many similarities between them. However, they also have some significant differences. Counselling is generally suggested for specific situations and disorders, such as sorrow or addiction, and can last anywhere from weeks to months.

Counselling vs Psychotherapy

The difference between counselling and psychotherapy is that Counselling is typically thought of as a step after the primary procedure. On the other hand, Psychotherapy is commonly regarded as the first step in the healing process. Counselling focuses on current events and issues. However, Recurrent and chronic disorders are given more attention in psychotherapy.

Counselling might assist you in overcoming particular habits or situations. Counselling normally lasts a few weeks to six months. Behaviour and action are the foundations of counselling. Only talk therapy is used in counselling. Those who seek counselling might receive support, direction, and the confidence to confront their issues, as well as skills to better understand others. Counselling is a non-medical form of advice for those in need.

Psychotherapy follows broad patterns because it is geared toward a larger and bigger vision. Psychotherapy entails a long-term commitment to treatment. It might happen in spurts or even over a long period. Psychotherapy is a form of treatment that is focused on feelings and experiences. Cognitive behavioural therapy, talk therapy, IQ and personality testing are only a few of the therapies and tests used in psychotherapy.

Comparison Table Between Counselling and Psychotherapy

Parameters of ComparisonCounsellingPsychotherapy
Type of process Secondary process Primary process
Emphasizes on Situations, problems occurring in the present.Problems that are recurrent, chronic.
Period Short time Long time
DurationFew weeks-6 months Months- several years
Based on Behaviour and action. Experience and feeling.
Therapy includedTalk therapyCognitive behavioural therapy, talk therapy, testing of intelligence and personality.
Service they provideSupport, guidance, getting the courage to fight their problems, ways to understand others.In personal growth development, more emphasis is given on the core issues such as internal feelings and thoughts.
Form Advice Medical treatment

What is Counselling?

Counselling focuses on the conditions and problems that are currently occurring. Counselling can aid in the prevention of certain behaviours or circumstances. Counselling is normally done for a limited amount of time, ranging from a few weeks to six months.

Counselling consists solely of talk therapy. Those who seek counselling can receive support, direction, confidence to face their challenges, and new ways to understand others. Counselling is a non-medical form of advice given to those who require it on a casual basis.

Counselling is based on how people act and behave. Counselling is frequently thought of as an afterthought. “Advisor” is the technical term for “counsellor.” It entails two persons cooperating to solve an issue. It’s a term that’s applied to a variety of sorts of advice-giving.

What is Psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy is commonly regarded as the first step in the treatment process. Psychotherapy places a greater emphasis on problems that are recurrent and persistent. Psychotherapy is directed at a larger and more comprehensive image and hence follows broad patterns.

Psychotherapy is a type of treatment that lasts for a long time. Psychotherapy is a form of treatment that is focused on personal experience and feelings. Personal growth occurs for those who seek psychotherapy, with a greater focus on basic difficulties such as internal feelings and beliefs.

Psychotherapy is a medical treatment that improves mental function. Many forms of therapies and testing are used in psychotherapy, including cognitive behavioural therapy, talk therapy, and IQ and personality assessment. It might be intermittent or even ongoing over a long period.

Main Differences Between Counselling and Psychotherapy

  1. Counselling is usually considered a secondary process. On the other hand, psychotherapy is usually considered a primary process.
  2. Counselling puts more emphasis on the situations and problems occurring in the present. On the other hand, psychotherapy puts more emphasis on those problems which are recurrent and also chronic.
  3. Counselling can help counter certain behaviours or specific situations. On the other hand, psychotherapy is oriented with a wider and big picture and hence follows overall patterns.
  4. Counselling is usually done for a short period, ranging from a few weeks to a period of six months. On the other hand, psychotherapy involves treatment for a long period. It can be intermittent or even continuous over the years.
  5. Counselling is based on behaviour and action. On the other hand, psychotherapy is based on experience and feeling.
  6. Counselling only involves talk therapy. On the other hand, psychotherapy involves many types of therapies and testing, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, talk therapy, testing of intelligence and personality.
  7. Those who seek counselling can get support, guidance, getting the courage to fight their problems, ways to understand others. On the other hand, for those who seek psychotherapy, their personal growth happens. More emphasis is given on the core issues such as internal feelings and thoughts.
  8. Counselling is a casual form of advising those who need it. It does not involve any medical treatment. On the other hand, psychotherapy involves medical treatment leading to better mental functioning.

Conclusion

Personal growth occurs for those who seek psychotherapy, with a focus on core difficulties such as internal feelings and thoughts. Psychotherapy is a medical treatment that helps people improve their mental health. Whereas “Advisor” is the technical definition of “counsellor.” It entails two persons solving an issue together. It’s a term that’s applied to a variety of advice-giving situations.

Understanding the differences between psychotherapy and counselling will help you choose the sort of therapy that will work best for you. The phrases “psychotherapist” and “counsellor” are occasionally used interchangeably. They have a lot of things in common. They do, however, differ in some important ways. Counselling is usually recommended for specific situations and problems, such as grief or addiction, and can last anywhere from a few weeks to several months.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=lang_en&id=dEQdBQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=psychotherapy+and+counselling&ots=zsAtet2H2e&sig=cL69BWpe4_9bq-mfSIiOKNDinaQ
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=lang_en&id=FHNiP25HxWoC&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=psychotherapy+and+counselling&ots=FbBT-vU2XQ&sig=oxJLSdRzSa0jvBixTE-p2cLXaSA
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