Difference Between Current and Noncurrent Assets (With Table)

A company’s assets and receivables may be classified into two parts: current assets and noncurrent assets. Current assets are assets that the firm will retain inside the near term with the goal of turning to money namely revenue or cash. Whereas, noncurrent assets are retained and collected for a prolonged period of time usually sufficing for certain 1 to 2 years. Current and noncurrent assets are both necessary for a company’s seamless operation.

There are several distinctions between these two worlds, and this article will ensure that any misconceptions you may have about current and noncurrent assets are dispelled by comparing them side by side and showing their differences.

Current vs Noncurrent Assets

The difference between current and noncurrent assets is that current assets are a part of the working capital and these assets can be sold off or liquidated within a year or quarter whereas noncurrent assets are the second type of assets that are not considered as working capital and are left for future usage and therefore these assets are not liquidated within 1 to 2 financial years and the immediacy is low when compared to current assets.

Current assets are the aggregate of all resources or assets that can be quickly easily converted into cash and appear on an income statement and balance sheets as well. Equity, trade receivables, account balance, and money available are all instances of current assets. All of these commodities are classed as current assets in financial statements because they may be converted to cash quickly and readily. A few cash alternatives are also included in current assets. Hence, All assets that may be turned into cash in about one to four years are considered as current assets.

Long-term investments and long durational profit bases in which the fair amount will not be recognized within the financial year are referred to as noncurrent assets. They’re generally opaque or illiquid, which means they can’t be quickly turned into cash. Securities, proprietary information, estate development, and technological equipment are some examples of noncurrent assets. On a balance sheet of a company, noncurrent assets are listed; however, in a company’s investment statement these aren’t counted.

Comparison Table Between Current and Noncurrent Assets

Parameters of ComparisonCurrent AssetsNoncurrent Assets
MeaningAssets that can be dissolved in a single or one quarter of the current budgetary year.Assets that are not liquidated during a single fiscal year and are left for future liquidation.
Time DurationA year of time duration is considered for current or immediate assets.More than one or two financial years.
Working CapitalYes, current assets are counted as the working capital.No, noncurrent assets are not counted as the working capital.
Value and Market StandardIt is sold in profitable market valueIt is usually sold at a loss value. Usually lesser than the depreciation value of the asset.
TaxesThe taxes result as a business profit since the asset is sold in financial profit.The taxes result as a business loss.

What is Current Asset?

When accounting information is constructed based on availability, “current assets” consist of liquid assets and cash or similar assets that can be instantaneously used up, which is usually the first budget item on the resource side of the company’s balance sheet. Commercial papers, which are as liquid as cash, are commonly used as cash equivalents. Trade payables are a type of current asset that means the amount of money owed to the firm by borrowers to whom it has sold products on credit.

Another important current asset is stocks; each firm must keep a certain amount of inventory to operate, but both excessive and low inventory holding costs are undesirable.

Current assets are the working capital of the organization and are considered very resourceful since they have a short stay-time and these can incur good amounts of business profit for the organization. These assets are the most important because they are included in the company’s balance sheet.

These assets are sold at market value and sometimes higher. Functioning resources aka the current assets are important to a business because they are used to finance the company’s working capital needs. Every business needs money to meet the daily obligations that come with doing business. Since liquid assets can be liquidated in a short time, it is important for management to adapt to their short-term financing needs.

What is Noncurrent Asset?

A noncurrent asset is an asset that is not sold for a period of one year. These assets are also presented in a company’s financial statements. Long-term assets are not liquid like current assets and are not held to sell them in the short term because they are kept for future purposes, maybe or may not be for-profit gain.

One of these types of long-term assets is long-term investments consisting of equity and debt, which will be held by the company for a long time. Long-term assets also include the ownership rights a company has in other businesses. A noncurrent asset is more required to stay functional and prosper with time instead of the immediacy factor that is considered in the case of current assets.

Noncurrent assets include an industry’s positive reputation, registered trademark, intellectual property, patent protection, and so on. Companies spread overall costs throughout several years since noncurrent assets have a longer useful life. This procedure aids in the avoidance of significant losses during periods of capital expansion.

Noncurrent assets, such as property or equipment and everything that is tangible and is responsible for the workforce, are instances of noncurrent assets. Intangible resources include long-term holdings such as debt securities or estate development, as well as financial assets in other companies. Intangible long-term assets include copyrights, customer databases, and goodwill obtained through a business combination.

Main Differences Between Current and Noncurrent Assets

  1. Current assets are easily liquidated but liquidating noncurrent assets is a tough job for the people of organizations.
  2. Holding time for current assets is one to quarter years whereas noncurrent assets stay longer with lesser market value.
  3. Current assets are a part of the working capital whereas noncurrent assets are not a part of working capital.
  4. Current assets are immediate like cash and receivables whereas noncurrent assets are kept for late usages like furniture and electronics.
  5. The sale of current assets results in business profit but sales of noncurrent assets result in business loss or a lesser chance of being a business profit.

Conclusion

Managers and shareholders must grasp the real fiscal viability of a firm by classifying assets into current and noncurrent assets. This knowledge is critical for all owners to make well-informed and thorough and balanced economic decisions.

It is the investor’s job to properly categorize assets based on their nature and terms linked to them. Both types of assets are still ‘assets’ therefore, they are responsible for the organization’s profit sale and consistency. The responsibilities of a financer and the owner are huge because categorizing and prioritizing assets is an important task for maintaining a stable organization.

Reference

  1. https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/accounting/current-assets/
  2. https://groww.in/p/non-current-assets/
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