Difference Between Hamas and ISIS (With Table)

Both Hamas and ISIS are viewed as fear monger bunches by Israel and the US. “Hamas is ISIS, and ISIS is Hamas,” Israeli Head administrator Benjamin Netanyahu expressed at the Assembled Countries in 2014. Both psychological oppressor associations, as indicated by the report, use jihad and self-destruction assaults as essential weapons, aggrieve and persecute non-Muslim minorities, execute individuals associated with supporting their adversaries, plan to build up a state-administered by Muslim law, have held onto an area forcibly, teach kids to love passing and pass on as saints in jihad, and endeavor to submit “decimation” against their rivals.

Hamas vs ISIS

The difference between Hamas and ISIS is that Hamas is a pragmatic Palestinian resistance organization that aims to represent and lead a public movement to “liberate Palestine from Israeli oppression”, and ISIS is a political philosophy that contends that modern governments and regions should be reconstructed in constitutional, economic, and judicial terms in line with what is viewed as a revival or return to full-fledged Islamic practice.

Hamas, a pro-democracy movement with an Islamist slant, wants to create an Islamist country in what is currently Israel, the Western Bank, and Palestine and is affiliated with the Islamic Society. Hamas is officially known as Harakat al-Muqawamah al-Islamiyya, which translates as Islamic Opposition to Development. Hamas is a particularly energetic manifestation of Palestinian nationalism.

ISIS (Islamic Province of Iraq and Syria) is a Salafist bunch inside Islam that looks to restore the Islamic caliphate and authorize Sharia law all through space. Hamas and its followers are considered “apostates” by ISIS. ISIS targets misfits in their communities, minorities in their countries, and those who have been discriminated against in a Western environment through its messaging and recruiting process.

Comparison Table Between Hamas and ISIS

Parameters Of ComparisonHamasISIS
Founded InIn 1987, imam Sheikh Ahmed Yasin and his assistant Abdul Aziz al-Rantissi formed the Hamas movement in Gaza.ISIS was founded in 2003 by the head of al-Qaeda in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.
Strategy Towards IsraelHamas was attempting to capitalise on increasing Palestinian resentment at Israel’s arrogance.ISIS has stated that it will conquer Israel and incorporate it into its core caliphate.
ObjectiveThe aim of the Hamas Movement was ethnic cleansing of Palestine in order to establish a Jewish contemporary state in historic Palestine.The extremists want to establish an ultra-conservative caliphate where Shariah, or Islamic law, is rigidly enforced.
US responseThe US has long attempted to negotiate a settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian issue, but numerous factors, including the US’s diminishing interest in fulfilling its traditional position as an honest broker, have harmed the odds of a deal.Since 2014, the United States has led a coalition of nations that has carried out airstrikes against ISIS and backed Iraqi soldiers combating the extremists.
End ResultsThe Hamas groups declared on Thursday that they had struck an agreement to settle a decade-long feud that had led to an armed confrontation in 2007.To far, the United States has occasionally achieved big military triumphs, but all of the international terrorist activities that the US has targeted have survived or morphed into new organisations with new identities.

What is Hamas?

Islamist Obstruction Development Harkat al-Muqawamah is a Hamas acronym. Hamas is a popular Palestinian political party with a large following. Early on in the Palestinian uprising, imam Sheik Ahmed Yasin and Abdul Aziz al-Rantissi defined Hamas’ growth in Gaza, shortly after which the organization was founded by Hamas. Egypt’s Muslim Fraternity formed a tactical branch called the Izz al-Racket al-Qassam Detachments to fight a well-equipped war against Israel in order to liberate ancient Palestine. In addition, it provided social assistance to Palestinians who had suffered as a result of Israeli military rule. Identifying itself as an “Islamic public freedom and obstruction development in Palestine,” Hamas cites the Quran as its primary source of inspiration.

When Hamas released a political statement in 2017 declaring that ties with the Muslim Fellowship had been severed, it also said that it would recognize a Palestinian state under the 1967 borders, with displaced Palestinians allowed to return to their homes. The creation of ‘Israel,’ according to the group, is “completely illegal.” As a result of this, it may be distinguished from the PLO, with whom it has no formal partnership agreements. In 2005, when it ran in civil choices, Hamas became an ideological organization in Palestinian governmental problems and won a landslide victory over Fatah in parliamentary elections in 2006.

Israel has waged three wars against Hamas in the Gaza Strip since 2007. Israel established an impenetrable siege after Hamas won elections that year. The violence has disproportionately affected Gaza’s civilians. Over 2,200 Palestinians, including 500 children, were murdered in the most recent Israeli attack on the Gaza Strip, which lasted 50 days.

What is ISIS?

The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), an extreme religious group with characteristics of both an insurgency and a totalitarian government, has emerged as the world’s newest scourge. Even senior US generals admit that military power alone is insufficient to weaken, much alone defeat, a group that presently controls a territory bigger than the United Kingdom. ISIS’s goal of establishing an autonomous Islamic state, or caliphate, can be defeated only via a comprehensive approach combining diplomatic, economic, political, and other methods. Civilian action organized around the goal of disrupting and denying the group’s primary sources of power may be a crucial component of that approach. This essay will explore this assertion and propose practical ways to promote peaceful resistance.

Before evaluating the role of civic resistance, or any other reaction, in confronting ISIS, it is necessary to understand the group’s objectives and capabilities. ISIS’s primary political objective is to re-establish an Islamic caliphate, which has not existed since the Ottoman Empire‘s demise. Its approach for achieving this political goal is twofold: first, military conquest in order to assert control over territory, beginning with Iraq and Syria; and second, the establishment of functional government in that area in order to legitimize its religious authority.

Main Differences Between Hamas and ISIS

  1. Hamas was established in Gaza in 1987 by imam Sheikh Ahmed Yasin and his aide Abdul Aziz al-Rantissi, while ISIS was founded in 2003 by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq.
  2. Hamas was attempting to capitalise on increasing Palestinian resentment at Israel’s arrogance whereas, ISIS has stated that it will conquer Israel and incorporate it into its core caliphate.
  3. The aim of the Hamas Movement was ethnic cleansing of Palestine in order to establish a Jewish contemporary state in historic Palestine. On the other hand, The ISIS want to establish an ultra-conservative caliphate where Shariah, or Islamic law, is rigidly enforced.
  4. The US has long attempted to negotiate a settlement to the Hamas-Palestinian issue, but numerous factors, including the US’s diminishing interest in fulfilling its traditional position as an honest broker, have harmed the odds of a deal. On the other hand, Since 2014, the United States has led a coalition of nations that has carried out airstrikes against ISIS and backed Iraqi soldiers combating the extremists.
  5. The Hamas groups declared on Thursday that they had struck an agreement to settle a decade-long feud that had led to an armed confrontation in 2007 whereas, To far, the United States has occasionally achieved big military triumphs, but all of the international terrorist activities that the US has targeted have survived or morphed into new organisations with new identities.

Conclusion

Cooperation between Hamas and IS in Sinai poses a dual threat: it hinders Egypt’s counterterrorism operations while allowing IS to gain ground among Palestinians. Indeed, further recruiting attempts might convert IS into a formidable rival to Hamas and Fatah, whose popularity is dwindling. IS’s presence on the peninsula would put international ships passing via the Suez Canal and the Gulf of Aqaba at risk. One option to avoid these eventualities is for Hamas’ primary backers, Qatar and Turkey, to persuade the movement not to continue its unofficial affiliation with IS Sinai. When faced with pressure to cut relations with Hamas, the organisation may have little alternative but to abandon its opportunistic bet on Menai and his jihadists.

For decades, ISIS and Palestinians have fought over claims to the Holy Land, resulting in one of the world’s most intractable conflicts. Although the United States is a staunch backer of Israel, it has long sought a diplomatic solution to reconcile the two sides’ conflicting claims. Several administrations in the United Nations have suggested road maps for a peace process culminate in two states, one Israeli and the other Palestinian. However, opponents claim that possibilities for a two-state solution have dwindled under President Donald Trump, who has enacted a litany of divisive policies on key issues in the conflict.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=YH_XCQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP9&dq=hamas+vs+isis&ots=JOjg2WdH8t&sig=Sf5BWvCCdFxc7j3aCr24LkX60Wc
  2. https://www.academia.edu/download/38214677/Hostages-Ethics-Hannibal.pdf
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