Difference Between CV and Cover Letter (With Table)

There are certain documents which are highly crucial in work fields. These official documents are the perfect reflection of someone’s calibre. Hence, they are of immense importance. Such documents are Curriculum Vitae and Cover letters.

CV vs Cover Letter

The difference between CV and Cover Letter is that Bullet points and lists are commonly used in the framework of a resume or a CV. However, on the contrary, a cover letter’s format is typically broken down into sentences and paragraphs. A curriculum vitae (CV) or resume is a sort of document that contains a lot of information. However, A cover letter is a brief letter.

A Curriculum Vitae or CV’s contents can be condensed to a page or two or much longer. A CV, also known as a resume or curriculum vitae, is a document that is routinely written. In the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and Africa, a Curriculum Vitae is used to demonstrate to an employer your qualifications when you are looking for work. In the United States, however, CVs are also used extensively in scientific, academic, research, and educational roles.

A cover letter’s contents must always fit on one page. In general, a cover letter includes a quick introduction to the person, his work history, preferred job profile, and career ambitions. CL stands for Cover Letter. A cover letter is used to supplement a curriculum vitae, which includes a brief introduction and outlines the applicant’s interests.

Comparison Table Between CV and Cover Letter

Parameters of ComparisonCVCover Letter
Type of Document ComprehensiveCover Letter
Size 2- 2.5 pages 0.5- 1 page
Modifications Remains the same for all employment opportunities. It can be modified based on employment.
Details Specific Details. General information.
Format Bullet points and lists. Sentences and paragraphs.
Content Data and facts. Ideas and examples.
PurposeAcademic jobs.Complementary form to CV, which gives additional information on background.

What is CV?

The contents of a Curriculum Vitae or CV can be contained inside a page or two or perhaps expanded a little further. Bullet points and lists are commonly used in the format of a resume or CV. For all types of jobs and job opportunities, the CV or Curriculum Vitae is usually the same. Only precise details are included in a curriculum vitae. A curriculum vitae (CV) or resume is a form of detailed document.

The contents of the Curriculum Vitae begin with information about the applicant’s name, address, and phone number, followed by educational qualifications, work experience, and any other relevant work abilities. It also includes a summary of academic qualifications, research and teaching experience, presentations, publications, honours, awards, affiliations, and other pertinent information.

A CV is sometimes referred to as a resume or a curriculum vitae. In the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and Africa, the objective of a Curriculum Vitae are to show the employer while applying for a job. In the United States, however, CVs are used extensively in scientific, academic, research, and educational roles.

What is Cover Letter?

The contents of a cover letter must always be contained inside a page. In most cases, a cover letter includes a quick introduction to the person, his work history, preferred job profile, and career aspirations. Cover Letter can also be abbreviated as CL.

A cover letter’s objective is to supplement the curriculum vitae, which includes a brief introduction and discusses the applicant’s interests. Only general information is included in the cover letter. A cover letter’s format is usually divided into sentences and paragraphs.

The format and expectations of the job might be varied in the cover letter. A cover letter is a brief piece of writing. On the contrary, Only precise details make up a curriculum vitae. For all types of jobs and job opportunities, the CV or curriculum vitae is usually the same, but Cover Letter can be modified.

Main Differences Between CV and Cover Letter

  1. The length of the contents in a Curriculum Vitae or CV can be constituted at least within a page or two or even can be extended a little more than that. On the other hand, the length of the contents in a cover letter constitutes within a page always.
  2. The contents of the Curriculum Vitae begins with information on Name, contact details, then educational qualification, work experience or any other related and relevant work skills. It also involves a brief of academic details, research and teaching experience, presentation, publications, honours, awards, affiliations and the rest required relevant details. On the other hand, a cover letter generally comprises a brief introduction to the person, his job experience, preferred job profile and goals in the career that he is aspired to.
  3. A CV is commonly written as a Resume or even Curriculum Vitae. On the other hand, Cover Letter is sometimes written as CL as well.
  4. The purpose of a Curriculum Vitae in areas of the Middle East, Europe, Asia and Africa is to show the employer at the time of seeking employment. On the other hand, in the United States, the use of CV is primary in the scientific, academic, research and educational positions as well. On the other hand, the purpose of a cover letter is to complement the curriculum vitae, which include a brief introduction and explains the interests.
  5. Curriculum Vitae consists only of specific details. On the other hand, Cover Letter consists only of General information.
  6. The format of a resume or CV is usually written in bullet points and lists. On the other hand, the format of a cover letter is usually categorised into sentences and paragraphs.
  7. CV or Curriculum Vitae usually remains the same for all kinds of employment and job opportunities. On the other hand, Cover Letter can be modified according to the employment structure and demands.
  8. Curriculum Vitae/CV/ Resume is a comprehensive type of document. On the other hand, Cover Letter is a concise type of document.

Conclusion

The Curriculum Vitae’s contents begin with information on the applicant’s name, address, and phone number, followed by educational qualifications, work experience, and any other relevant work abilities. It also includes a summary of academic qualifications, research and teaching experience.

A CV also includes presentations, publications, honours, awards, affiliations, and any other pertinent information. Whereas, Cover Letter includes a brief introduction to academics and relevant work experience as a whole. The only information in the cover letter is general. The format and expectations of the job might be adjusted in the cover letter.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=lang_en&id=QwM8DwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT9&dq=cover+letter+and+CV&ots=_Dc8xba2Ah&sig=VsYvUa583voRaWhcYenVt6bUF7I
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-71855-8_5

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