Difference Between Dissolution and Disintegration (With Table)

 Many techniques are available to break down the holding up of intermolecular and intramolecular forces in a laboratory of industries and medical-related places. These forces hold substance together. This process is done to increase the quality of a specific substance. Among these various techniques, dissolution and disintegration are two techniques used to break down substances.

Dissolution vs Disintegration

The difference between dissolution and disintegration is that the process of dissolution can happen only after the breakdown of the substances that are with low solubility in them, and on the other hand, the process of disintegration can take place even without breaking down the substance with low solubility by a person in a laboratory.

The term Dissolution is referred to as a technique where different forms of a substance such as gas, liquid, and solid substances are made to dissolve to break down a specific substance in industries or pharmaceutical areas. For a substance to be dissolved in a solution, it is essential for a solute and a solvent to be compatible with each other.

The term Disintegration is referred to as a technique where there is breaking down of a substance into small chunks and bits of particles and molecules in a chemical industry or a pharmaceutical area. This process is carried out to increase the level of solubility in a substance in a pharmaceutical or chemical industry.

Comparison Table Between Dissolution and Disintegration

Parameters of ComparisonDissolutionDisintegration
MeaningThe dissolution process is where a substance is made to solve by breaking them down into tiny particles.The process of disintegration is where a solid substance is broken down into tiny molecules to make it soluble or increase its solubility.
StatesThe process of dissolution can be tested on gaseous, liquid as well as a solid substances.The process of disintegration can be tested on solid substances only.
When it can be performedThe process of dissolution can be performed only after there is a breakdown of particles of low solubility.The process of disintegration can be performed irrespective of a substance, whether it has a high or low solubility level.
FunctionThe process of dissolution helps in dissolving substances into solutes.The process of disintegration helps in the breakdown of a substance into tiny molecules or particles.
FormThe process of dissolution is a form of disintegration.The process of disintegration is a whole big concept.

What is Dissolution?

The term Dissolution is referred to as a technique where different forms of a substance such as gas, liquid, and solid substances are made to dissolve to break down a specific substance in industries or pharmaceutical areas. For a substance to be dissolved in a solution, it is essential for a solute and a solvent to be compatible with each other.

It should be noted that normal water can dissolve any kind of substance, which means that water is a universal solvent. It also must be noted that a gaseous solvent can be dissolved only through another gaseous solute by a person. This kind of process is a kind of a kinetic process. The kinetic energy that is exerted out of the temperature rise will help in speeding up the process of dissolution for solutes.

In the case of a solid substance, that substance can usually be dissolved only by shaking, but not all substances would dissolve just by shaking, and some may need to go through the process of breaking down. The example of tablets getting dissolved in water is all examples of effective dissolution.

What is Disintegration?

The term Disintegration is referred to as a technique where there is breaking down of a substance into small chunks and bits of particles and molecules in a chemical industry or a pharmaceutical area. This process is carried out to increase the level of solubility in a substance in a pharmaceutical or chemical industry.

In chemical reactions, the compounds are made to disintegrate. Many a time, the process of dissolution can clash with the process of disintegration. This is when water solvent gets directly soluble in small pieces of a solid substance. This helps in the formation of a uniform substance. There are tests conducted on drugs that help to know the solubility level of them through the process of disintegration.

For any kind of tablet or medicine to be taken by a human, it must be in a dissolved or soluble form. This is down through the process of disintegration. This process helps in breaking down the tablets into time small granules to make them soluble for intake.

Main Differences Between Dissolution and Disintegrated

  1. The process of dissolution is where a substance is made to solve by breaking them down into tiny particles, and on the other hand, the process of disintegration is where a solid substance is broken down into tiny molecules to make it soluble or increase its solubility.
  2. The process of dissolution can be tested on gaseous, liquid as well as a solid substances, and on the other hand, the process of disintegration can be tested on solid substances only.
  3. The process of dissolution can be performed only after there is a breakdown of particles of low solubility, and on the other hand, the process of disintegration can be performed irrespective of a substance, whether it has a high or low solubility level.
  4. The process of dissolution helps in dissolving substances into solutes, and on the other hand, the process of disintegration helps in the break down of a substance into tiny molecules or particles.
  5. The process of dissolution is a form of disintegration, and on the other hand, the process of disintegration is a whole big concept.

Conclusion

The technique of disintegration and dissolution are both carried out by performing breaking down of substance into smaller ones in a chemical industry or pharmaceutical by a person in order to make the substance soluble through its solvent. Both these processes are performed to increase the level of solubility in a substance.

One should know that even though they almost perform similar actions, they do have their differences in characteristics and the way the procedures are performed. A person working in such places where these processes take place must be aware of the difference between the process of dissolution and disintegration.

References

  1. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.459.6297&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032591010003694
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