Difference Between Electron Geometry and Molecular Geometry

All molecules are made out of three major particles – protons, electrons, and neutrons. At the point when at least two particles are firmly held together to shape an atom, there are compound connections between every molecule and its nearby neighbors.


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The calculation of an atom decides the reactivity, extremity and natural movement of that particle. The VSEPR (Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion) hypothesis can be utilized to decide the calculations of atoms.

Electron Geometry vs Molecular Geometry

The difference between electron geometry and molecular geometry is that electron geometry is found by taking both solitary electron combines and bonds in a particle though molecular geometry is discovered utilizing just the bonds present in the atom.

Electron geometry vs Molecular geometry


Comparison Table

Parameters of the ComparisonElectron GeometryMolecular Geometry
What are they?The Electron geometry decides the state of the atom that includes the electron pair and bond pair.Molecular geometry decides the state of the particle that includes just the bond sets
Their opinion on electron pairElectron geometry considers electron pairThe molecular geometry doesn’t consider the electron pair.
The electronsElectron geometry incorporates both holding and non-holding electronsMolecular geometry incorporates just holding electrons.
The moleculesElectron geometry helps give the plan of electron sets.Molecular geometry helps give the course of action of molecules around the central cores.
How does the electrons match here?In electron geometry, the all outnumber of electron matches and bond sets are checked.In the molecular geometry, the absolute number of bond sets is tallied.


What is Electron Geometry?

Electron geometry is the state of a particle anticipated by considering both bond electron sets and solitary electron sets.

Electron sets are characterized as electrons two by two or bonds, solitary sets, or now and again a solitary unpaired electron.

The electron geometry gives the spatial course of action of the apparent multitude of bonds and solitary sets of a particle.

We should think about CH4 for instance: The middle particle here is C, and there are 4 valence electrons. Hydrogen particles give 4 electrons, which implies there are a sum of 8 electrons around C.

electron geometry

What is Molecular Geometry?

It just alludes to the three-dimensional course of action or structure of iotas in an atom. Understanding the molecular geometry of a compound decides the reactivity, extremity, shading, period of issue, and attraction.

For little particles, the molecular geometry recipe and a table of standard bond lengths and points might be everything necessary to decide the math of the atom.

We should consider a case of water (H2O). Here, oxygen (O) is the main molecule with 6 valence electrons so it requires 2 additional electrons from 2 hydrogen particles to finish its octet.

molecular geometry

Main Differences Between Electron Geometry and Molecular Geometry

  1. Electron Geometry is the shape the electrons take around the focal iota. This is the shape the real associations between molecules take in a compound.
  2. One of the numerous instances of tetrahedral electron geometry is Ammonia (NH3). The focal particle here is N and four electron sets are disseminated looking like a tetrahedron with just a single solitary electron pair.


  1. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ed047p18
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=6rDDAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=Electron+Geometry+and+Molecular+Geometry&ots=-1JeLfomlq&sig=q7I-MLEuaN3FiSp3hU_W8LX_5Os
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