Difference Between Fat-Soluble Vitamin And Water-Soluble Vitamin

Fat-Soluble Vitamin And Water-Soluble Vitamin are types of vitamins. Vitamins and Minerals are an important part of life to keep human beings fit and healthy. Vitamins help the body function. There are different types of Vitamins that should be taken according to the requirement. There are different vitamins in different food products.

Fat-Soluble Vitamin vs Water-Soluble Vitamin

The main difference between Fat-Soluble Vitamin And Water-Soluble Vitamin is that Fat-Soluble Vitamins are stored or piled up in the fat tissues of the body for a while, while on the other hand Water-Soluble Vitamin doesn’t get stored in the body. Vitamin A, K, D, and E fall under the category of Fat-Soluble vitamins. And Vitamin B and C are Water-Soluble vitamins.

Fat-Soluble Vitamins are the vitamins that are consumed through the fats which are present in your diet. The fat tissues and the liver absorbs the vitamins. They are piled up for a while in our body, for up to 6 months. It depends on the requirement for these vitamins by the body.

Water-Soluble Vitamins are transported to the tissues of the body. However, these vitamins are not stored or absorbed in the body. The vitamins which are needed by the body and in which quantity, enters the bloodstream the rest is replenished out through urine. Vitamin C and all the members or types of Vitamin B are water-soluble vitamins.

Comparison Table Between Fat-Soluble Vitamin And Water-Soluble Vitamin

Parameters of ComparisonFat-Soluble VitaminsWater-Soluble Vitamins
DefinitionThese vitamins deposit themselves in the body along with the fats of the diet taken in.Vitamins enter the bloodstream and are absorbed in tissues for immediate use by the body.
Stored InFat-soluble vitamins deposit in the body’s fat tissues for up to 6 months. Water-soluble vitamins don’t store themselves in the body, they excrete through urine.
Which vitamins?Vitamin A, D, K, and E are vitamins that fall under the category of fat-soluble vitamins.Vitamin B complex members and Vitamin C are the vitamins that fall under the category of water-soluble vitamins.
ToxicityIf taken in excess they can be very dangerous and cause serious health problems.They are not as dangerous as fat-soluble vitamins.
Food productsFish, Meat, Egg, Milk, etc.Whole Grains, Nuts, etc.

What is Fat-Soluble Vitamin?

Fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins that are consumed through fats and oils from the diet of a human. These vitamins are stored in the body for a while. Fat tissues or the liver are the storage area of these vitamins. They can be stored for up to six months.

Vitamin A, D, E, and K are the vitamins that fall under the category of fat-soluble vitamins. Each of these vitamins is important for the body and each of them has an important function. And they are found in different food products. These vitamins strengthen the immune system and the bones. Indeed, they help improve vision, blood clotting, support the reproductive system of the body, and helps to maintain the organs.

Fat-soluble vitamins if taken in excess can be dangerous for the body. Their excessive consumption can lead to serious health problems like dry and itchy skin, loss of appetite, headache, nausea and it can also lead to severe birth defects. It can also cause hip fracture and bone loss. Both deficiency and excessiveness can be dangerous. Their deficiency can cause blindness, bone weakness, hemorrhaging, etc.

Some of the sources of fat-soluble vitamins are fish, milk, eggs, meat, vegetable oils, soybeans, vegetables like carrot, broccoli, spinach, etc. And the best source of vitamin D is sunlight.

What is Water-Soluble Vitamin?

Water-Solubles vitamins are vitamins that are dissolved in water and do not store in the body. They are immediately used once they are consumed and enters the tissues. They are taken into use immediately by the body and the rest which is of no use to the body is excreted out through urine.

Vitamin C and all the members of Vitamin B i.e Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12, all fall under water-soluble vitamins. These vitamins provide energy to the body, helps in digestion, keeps the skin healthy, formation of red blood cells, aids in metabolism and the formation of hormones, etc.

The deficiency or excessiveness of these vitamins in the body can cause health problems as well. The deficiency of these vitamins can cause clinical syndromes, hair loss, cataracts, and reproductive problems. Although, the excessiveness of these vitamins is not that toxic as that of fat-soluble vitamins. Since these vitamins are stored, the excess of them will lead you to urinate more and can cause diarrhea. They rarely turn toxic.

The sources of water-soluble vitamins are citrus fruits, cantaloupe, tomatoes, beans, yeast extracts, strawberries, mushrooms, avocados, Brussel sprouts, bell peppers, and whole grains like rice, wheat, barley, oatmeal, millet, etc.

Main Differences Between Fat-Soluble Vitamin And Water-Soluble Vitamin

  1. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored or absorbed in the body for a while. On the other hand, water-soluble vitamins are not stored in the body.
  2. Vitamin A, D, K, and E, all fall under the fat-soluble vitamins. All the members of Vitamin B along with Vitamin C fall under water-soluble vitamins.
  3. Fat-soluble vitamins if taken in excess can be dangerous and toxic. They can pose immediate health risks. While water-soluble vitamins do not cause such risk as they are not absorbed by the body.
  4. Fat-soluble vitamins have a slow onset of deficiency symptoms while water-soluble vitamins have a fast onset of deficiency symptoms.
  5. Food sources of fat-soluble vitamins are Fish liver oils, eggs, milk, cheese, butter, green vegetables, etc. Food sources of water-soluble vitamins are whole grains, sunflower seeds, nuts, yeast, etc.

Conclusion

Fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins, both are a type of vitamins. Vitamins play a vital role in keeping the human body healthy. Lack of vitamins can cause health problems. Vitamins are responsible for the energy in your body, the strength of bones, the healing of wounds, and the vision.

Fat-soluble vitamins reach the body through the fat present in the diet of a human. These vitamins stores themselves in the fat tissues of the body for a while. Vitamin D, E, K, and A are fat-soluble vitamins.

Water-soluble vitamins didn’t get stored in the body. They are used by the body as soon as they enter the body and the rest which is not used by the body is excreted out through urine. The Vitamin B complex members and Vitamin C, all fall under the water-soluble vitamins.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165993616303375
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kn8eBAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP8&dq=water-Soluble+Vitamin+&ots=IuoeBI6xN6&sig=jHBnwKX_R3pO3_77D59jJS2u9AA
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