Difference Between Foal and Colt (With Table)

The foal and colt are two different terminologies but are often misunderstood. The term for horses evolves after ages. People overlook the significance of an animal’s age. People nowadays use horses for entertainment purposes like riding and racing with them. Horses are also used for transportation purposes. But the difference between the foal and colt can help people understand their significance.

Foal vs Colt

The difference between foal and colt is that a colt is a male horse that is less than four years of age, whereas the foal can be either male or female and is less than one year of age. Colt refers to the horse of masculine gender or specifically a male horse, and the young female horse is described by a different terminology that is a filly. The foal can be male or female and is not defined by any other terminology.

 A foal is the initial stage of the horse just after birth. A foal can be either male or female. Also, not all foals are colt. It is because only half of the males are colt and the other half are females. The process is called suckling if the foal still has milk from her mother. The birth process of the foal is quite easy and takes only a few minutes on average.

 A colt is a young male horse near the end of its development stage. A filly is called the young female horse, and an adult female horse is called a mare. It is called a female horse only if it has crossed the age of four years. Every colt is a foal because every male horse was once in a lifetime called a foal. A colt is a young horse that is less than four years of age.

Comparison Table Between Foal and Colt 

Parameters of ComparisonFoalColt
AgeThe age of foal is less than one year of ageColt is generally less than four years of age
SexThe foal can either be male or femaleColt is a male horse
RelationshipNot all foals are coltsAll colt can be foals
Level of DevelopmentThe initial stage of birthColt is considered as a later stage of a foal
Different NamesNothing like this exists in the case of the foalThe young female horse is called a Filly, and the adult female horse is called a mare.

What is Foal?

A foal is the type of horse that is less than one year of age. The foal can be male, or it can be female as well. The foal is used mainly for the horses, but sometimes this term is used for donkeys. Foals are born after 11 months, that is, after the development period of an embryo inside viviparous animals. This is also called the gestation period. The birth process of foals takes place very quickly. If the foal is taking milk from her mother, then that process is called suckling. 

The healthy foals grow very quickly from three pounds to over a kilo a day. That is why to maintain the healthy weight of the foal. It is important to include solid food. Moreover, if the foal does not get enough nutrients, it may lead to several growth disorders and cause lifelong problems to the foal. 

Foal grows very fast, but still, these animals are too young to be driven or ridden. That’s the reason the foals are given proper training by humans. The foal is taught about horse grooming, hoof trimming and becomes familiar with things like loading into a horse trailer or wearing a horse blanket, etc.

 What is Colt?

Colt is confused with foal, but the colt is described as the young male horse. Colt is generally less than one year of age. The young female horse is called a filly and called a mare once it gets matured. Several terms are used to describe the horse, and these terms that have their variation are called equine. Equine is a term that is used to describe any species or any kind of horse. 

According to some studies and research, it has been reported that animals in this family can also be extinct soon. The animals that belong to this category have long tails and long nails. Colt, as compared to the filly, grows a little faster. It is also believed that colts are broader as compared to the filly. Colts are generally used in the horse racing world and defined as young male horses aged between two to five years. Stallions are the type of horses that are left intact if they are used for breeding purposes. The horse castrated is the removal of ovaries from the female is called a gelding. The process of the gelding, in some cases under four years of age, is called a colt.

 Main Differences Between Foal and Colt

  1. The foal can either be male or female, while the colt is the male horse, and the young female horse is called a filly.
  2. The colt is often used in horse racing, whereas the foal is involved in activities such as loading into horse trailers. 
  3. The age of foal is less than one year of age whereas the age of colt is less than four years
  4. The foal grows very fast, while the colt does not grow very fast.
  5. All colts are foals, as all the young male horses were foals once. Whereas all the foals are not colts because fifty percent of foals are male while the rest are females.

Conclusion

From the above explanation, it has become clear now that foal and colt are two different terminologies of the horse. The foal is a horse that is not more than a year old, and a colt is less than four years of age.

The birth process of the foal is quite easy and takes only a few minutes on average. Every colt is a foal because every male horse was once in a lifetime called a foal. 

Foal includes both male and female, whereas the colt is the young male horse, and the young female horse is called a filly. 

References

  1. https://beva.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.2042-3306.1977.tb03959.x
  2. https://beva.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.2042-3306.1988.tb01492.x
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