Franchise vs Corporation: Difference and Comparison

Franchising is licensing proprietary information, such as trademarks, business names, logos, etc., to a third party. This is a preferred method to establish business and enter highly competitive markets.

It also enables the company to expand and enter new markets, establishing a more extensive customer base.

Key Takeaways

  1. A franchise is a business model in which an individual or group (the franchisee) is granted the right to operate a business using the branding, products, and services of an established company (the franchisor) in exchange for fees and royalties.
  2. A corporation is a legal business entity, separate from its owners, that can operate independently and is subject to specific laws, regulations, and taxation structures.
  3. Franchises and corporations differ in business structure, with franchises offering a more structured approach and support from the franchisor, while corporations provide greater independence and flexibility in business operations.

Franchise vs Corporation

A franchise is a business in which different stores or branches are owned by separate individuals solely responsible for the daily operations of that location but operates under license from the parent company. A corporation is a large company that runs all its business outlets.

Franchise vs Corporation

A corporation is a business that shareholders own. It has a separate legal entity, i.e., it is considered separate from its owners.

Simply put, it is considered a legal person in the eyes of the law. Where a Franchise is a method to expand, a corporation is an entity whose expansion is facilitated by franchising.


 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonFranchiseCorporation
MeaningA franchise is a chain of the same company.A corporation can have a single company or a group of companies.
OwnershipIndividuals own a franchise.Shareholders own a corporation.
ControlThe Franchisor controls a franchiseA Corporation is governed by the Board of Directors (BoD)
LiabilityIn a franchise, a Franchisor is liable for the franchisee’s actions.Since shareholders own corporations, they have limited liability.
IncomeA franchisor gets royalty payments for giving rights to the usage of trademarks, etc.A corporation depends on investors’ sale and purchase of shares and investments.

 

What is Franchise?

A franchise is created when a brand/company wants to expand its operation. This business model existed because of Isaac Singer in the mid–19th century.

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He invented the sewing machine and then used the method of franchising to distribute it. In franchising, a franchisor (the owner) gives the rights/license to use the proprietary information, such as trademark, business name, logo, etc., to the franchisee.

In return, the Franchisor asks for a fee known as a royalty. This helps the Franchisor increase its reach geographically with minimum costs and strengthen the brand name by increasing its availability globally.

It is a preferred method for people who want to start a business and enter highly competitive industries, like giving competition to eating joints. The franchises are regulated by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulation established in 1979.

Then states have different regulatory authorities in alignment with the global regulation to monitor the activities of the franchise. Franchising does not mean that the ownership rights of the Franchisor have been transferred to the franchisee.

It is more like a lease or a contract that has to be renewed. If the terms and conditions of the agreement are violated, the franchisee is subject to the law.

Franchising provides the advantage of having a ready-made business model that can be used right away and quick income generation because the brand name is established. But then there are some disadvantages as well.

For the franchisee, paying regular royalty can be a burden, and the person might want to start their own business.

Franchise
 

What is Corporation?

A corporation is a legally established body created by the law. Like any other living person, it has certain rights, such as the right to enter into contracts and borrow money.

It is owned by shareholders and is regulated by the Board of Directors (BoD). It is also liable to pay taxes and has the right to own assets.

Corporations might be formed to earn profit or for social purposes. Legal procedures incorporate a corporation, and the rules differ for the state in which the corporation is being registered.

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The shareholders get a vote to elect the management of the corporation. Sometimes, a corporation might be dissolved, which is known as liquidation.

In this process, all the external liabilities are paid first, and then the internal liabilities are paid off.

The shareholders get the leftover value. There are many advantages to having a corporation.

All the shareholders in the corporation have limited liability. That means they are liable to the extent of their share in the company’s share capital.

They also get payments in the form of dividends and have the right to sell their shares or purchase more shares. A corporation also has a perpetual life since it is a person created by law; the law can only dissolve it.

But then, corporations have excessive tax filing activities.

Corporation

Main Differences Between Franchise and Corporation

  1. A franchise is owned franchisee who has gained rights over the usage of proprietary information from the Franchisor. In contrast, a corporation is owned by shareholders.
  2. A franchise is regulated by the rules of the contract and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulations. On the other hand, a corporation is regulated by the Board of Directors (BoD).
  3. A franchisor receives payment in the name of royalty from the franchisee. On the other hand, shareholders receive dividends, and corporations receive investments.
  4. The Franchisor is liable for the franchisee’s activities and can also use the franchisee to violate the contract agreements. In contrast, shareholders in a corporation have limited liability.
  5. A franchise is a chain of outlets of the same company in different locations for expansion, whereas a corporation is a legal entity.
Difference Between Franchise and Corporation

References
  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0883902600000689
  2. https://scholarship.law.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2174&context=wmlr

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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20 thoughts on “Franchise vs Corporation: Difference and Comparison”

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